The Scholarly Publishing Office (SPO) at the University of Michigan Library works closely with a number of scholarly journals to develop methods and models for online publication. One of our biggest challenges is converting a steady stream of incoming content from a number of different sources and formats into XML to prepare for online delivery. The paper begins with background information on SPO. Then it summarizes the three major stages in our text conversion process: 1) creation and submission of the documents and related metadata; 2) editing and structuring of the document; and 3) transformation of the content to XML. The paper then discusses some of the issues and challenges we face and lessons we have learned, including: our experience working with content providers, managing multiple processes for multiple publications, and a discussion of some of the conversion tools that we use.