The new information technology developments change drastically our life. The same applies to scientific research in general and the publication of findings in particular. It offers the chance for faster dissemination of results and broader access to date. The interests of scientists, financing organizations and libraries on one hand and publishers on the other do not overlap completely. Maximizing the speed of dissemination, broad access and securing quality and long time preservation are fields of overlapping interests. Mandatory deposit in open access repositories and pricing are still debated. The lecture discusses the above issues based partly on the basis of the author’s motivation to maximize the benefits of public (and so EC) funded research in Europe, influenced by his experience both in European scientific organizations and advisory bodies of the EC.