Since my last ElPub Keynote 8 years ago in Russia, there are signs of acceleration toward Open Access (OA) at long last: First, since the creation of free software for building OAI-compliant Institutional Repositories (IRs) in 2000, most of the major universities worldwide now have IRs, but they are still mostly empty. In 2004 the UK Parliamentary Select Committee recommended mandating that all researchers self-archive their peer-reviewed research articles in IRs to make them OA ("Green OA"). The majority of journals have already endorsed author OA self-archiving. In 2006 six of the seven UK Research Councils adopted the mandate. Soon so did a number of other funders and universities the world over, including, most recently, the NIH (Dec 2007) and Harvard (Feb 2008) in the US. In the UK, the Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), which ranks UK universities based on their research performance and funds them proportionately, announced that as of 2008 the ranking would be based on metrics instead of panel evaluation. OA has been shown to enhance research metrics. The incentive feedback loop for OA has been closed. Once 100% (Green) OA has been reached, there will sooner or later be a transition to OA publishing ("Gold OA"), with journals downsizing to become online peer-review service providers and certifiers only, while archiving and access-provision are offloaded onto the worldwide network of OA IRs and their central harvesters and peer-review costs per paper paid for by the author-institution out of their annual subscription savings.