Keywords Abstract
Coelho, A.F., A.A. Sousa, and F.N. Ferreira. "3D Modelling of Large Urban Scenes from Diverse Sources of Information." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The complex and extensive nature of urban environments creates difficulties to the task of generating virtual models. Thus a great effort in terms of human resources, time and money is needed. Nevertheless a large number of professionals and institutions devout efforts to gather and analyse data from these urban environments. As data is usually stored in a digital format, it becomes a valuable asset to incorporate it in the modelling process of virtual environments. This paper presents a three-dimensional modelling system with interoperable access to data in diverse formats and digital support, drived by an L-system based modelling process that automatically generates initial solutions for virtual environments, which can be incrementally improved.

Martens, Bob, B. Linde, and Z. Turk. "A Digital Library for ELPUB Proceedings: The Use of a Web-Based Prototype." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper presents the initial steps in the creation of a digital library of previous ELPUB proceedings. The series of ELPUB conferences started in 1997, but due to different reasons the proceedings appeared solely in a paper-based format. Six conferences on electronic publishing resulted in an interesting output of scientific papers and it makes sense to have thiswider and easier available to the audience. The currently used interface of the ELPUB Digital Library was created in the framework of an EU-IST project, called SciX (Open Scientific Exchange of Information). First results on the gathering of initial content will be presented as well as related experiences. Furthermore other DL-prototypes - which were also developedin the context of the SciX-project - will be described as examples of interest. Finally, thoughts on future developments of the ELPUB Digital Library will be displayed.

Kværndrup, Hanne Marie. "A Nordic Co-Operative Solution for Scholarly Publishing." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

A change of paradigm is on the way in scholarly communication and research. The reasons for this development are manifold and particularly of an economical and technical character. They have created a paradoxical situation, where it has become technically less expensive to publish, but at the same time more difficult in terms of organisation and economics. Theprimary changes have happened and are still happening in connection with the development of electronic communication methods, information production, search methods and digital archival methods. The period of change is more prolonged than one might be aware of – in fact we are talking about more than 30 years – and as such is not only a result of the Internet and the advance of word-processing, but is also due to cheaper and easier transport facilities. The consequences of this shift affectmany players, such as the researcher, the research institution (the commissioner of the task), the library, the publisher and many elements like for example economics, mediation, quality assurance, access, storage, copyright and business. The change of paradigm is far-reaching and a number of initiatives at uneven levels have been launched. The national science subject areas are spearheading the development of new methods, and are also financially stronger, whereas quite a differentsituation and other conditions apply to social sciences and the humanities. This means that the need for development of compatible publishing models increases. Nordiska Publiceringsnämnden för Humanistiska och Samhällsvetenskapliga Tidskrifter (NOP-HS), Helsinki and the Danish National Library Authority have together commissioned a review whichexamines this change of paradigm within research communication and provides an overview of “state-of-the-art” for scholarly research publication. The report also provides an overview of international projects on developing models for future publishing and mediation. It concentrates particularly on publishing of periodicals in electronic form at Nordic level and specifically within the social science and humanistic subject areas, as requested by NOP-HS. The report contains:- the change of paradigm in scholarly communication and publishing- the technological development for electronic peer review and publishing- status for the Nordic area focusing particularly on social sciences and the humanities- suggestions for possible models for scholarly publishing- recommendations for Nordic co-operation projects and solution models.The report forms the basis for a Nordic conference in June 2003 in Denmark, to which will be invited a number of decisionmakerswho will discuss the suggested scenarios for Nordic co-operation. The conference wants to attract suggestions for further action towards a possible technical, economic and long-term solution in relation to future scholarly research publication in the Nordic countries. The final outcome of the conference will be published in July 2003.

Alexandra, Maria, and Miranda Aparício. "ACCESS TO THE ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: SOME REFLECTIONS." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This text presents a set of reflections about the use of electronic publishing in African countries, as a means of access to scientific information. It includes brief remarks about electronic publishing, their advantages and benefits. The text continues with a discussion about the need to find solutions to the problem of the different degrees of access to scientific and technological information between African and developed countries. This includes greater ease in obtaining online information that can aid in the diffusion of scientific data through electronic publishing, in order to support the development of communities, government and particularly the scientific and academic communities of African countries. Attention is given to the matter of the improved circulation of the results of research projects conducted in African countries. The text also focuses on the attitudes and initiatives related to the improvement of the current status of science and technology in African countries. It also examines existing African electronic publishing, which illustrate the degree of concern about this issue among African leaders and office holders. Finally, a brief discussion about the situation of Angola in the access to electronic information is presented.

Lorimer, Rowland, and Richard Smith. "Building a Federated, Online Social Sciences and Humanities Database of Journals and Research Communication: A Canadian Initiative." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Synergies is an emerging online Canadian publishing project in the social sciences and humanities that builds on a group of online publishing initiatives that have emerged over the last decade. It involves a new partnership between libraries and journals wherein journals bring content and libraries (or IT units within universities) bring technological infrastructure consisting of maintained and secure hardware and software as well as associated services to users. Part 1 of the paper describes various initiatives and what they are bringing to the project. Part 2 reports on a survey undertaken of the state of SSH journal publishing in Canada. It focuses on attitudes to online publishing and the financial feasibility of online publishing with various models of access. Part 3 reports on the state of cultural magazine publishing and the attitudes of cultural magazines publishers to the possibility of providing online access to back issues. The paper concludes with a description of how and where the project sought resources, how they are structured, and the current state of the project.

Willinsky, John. "Can A Portable, Open Source Journal Management/Publishing System Improve the Scholarly and Public Quality of Research? A Workshop." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

As part of the University of British Columbia’s federally funded research initiative to improve the scholarly and public quality of academic publishing on a global basis, the Public Knowledge Project has released Open JournalSystems (OJS). This is open source software that can be freely downloaded. The intent is to help journals and scholarly societies seriously consider publishing in an open access or free-to-read basis, which has been shown to increase readership dramatically. This online journal management and publishing system enables editors to manage, publish and index peer-reviewed journals over the Internet an open access or free-to-read basis, The workshop, and this paper, will enable potential users to get inside the system to see how such management systems operate, and tojudge whether they have the potential to improve the scholarly and public quality of scholarly publishing, as well as reduce costs sufficiently to make open access a viable option.

Capiez, André. "Constraints of Electronic Publishing in Developing Countries: Spc’s Experience in The Pacific Islands." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

In contrast to highly developed countries in North America and Europe, what are the specific constraints to effective information delivery in developing countries? Is electronic publishing better suited to information dissemination than print materials for these less developed countries?Drawing on the practical experience of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in the service of 22 Island countries and territories of the Pacific region, this paper provides an overview of the situation and the electronic information and communication issues in the Pacific region.As an international organisation serving 22 Pacific Island countries and territories in the fields of marine, land and social resources, SPC needs to disseminate technical and grassroots information to its members and target groups throughout Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Effective information delivery is therefore a priority of the organisation. Because ofthe Pacific’s unique geographic and development constraints, such as small populations spread over many islands with vast ocean distances, it would appear that electronic publishing is particularly well suited to the effective dissemination of information. But is that really the case and how do current development constraints impact on electronic publishing in thePacific Islands region? This presentation attempts to address the effectiveness of electronic publishing and information delivery in the developing Pacific islands, drawing on SPC’s experience. It looks at the current situation in the light of existing initiatives and the current trend towards a regional approach aimed at improving electronic information access in the Pacific through the development of information and communication technology and the adoption of regional policies.

Muir, Adrienne. "Copyright and Licensing Issues for Digital Preservation and Possible Solutions." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The preservation of digital publications involves various technical, legal, economic and organization issues. Copyright law and licensing arrangements may prevent problems for libraries that wish to preserve digital resources in the long-term or even short term. Digital preservation strategies involve copying and it is not clear with copyright legislation in the UK and Europewill allow the sort of copying needed. The complex nature of digital publications and new publishing models present various problems including resource intensive rights clearance and reliance on publishers to continue to provide access and preserve digital publications. Extension of legal deposit laws may go some way to overcoming access versus ownership issues, but the issue of rights to copy deposited material remains. Other possible solutions include model licence agreements that that provide for preservation in some way. There is a need for research to clarify issues identified in the preservation and legal literature and to provide a clearer picture of the activities and perceptions of stakeholders in digital preservation, including authors, publishers and libraries.

M.F.S.E, Souza, Foresti M.C.P.P., and S.A.B.G. Vidotti. "Criteria For Analysis of the Structure of Electronic Scientific Journals." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper is the result of the Masters dissertation studying the role and history of scientific communication, especially the changes that have occurred after the appearance of electronic communication and computer networks. This study showed that hypertext systems are increasingly being used in the scientific and academic world in the production of electronicjournals; this makes it possible for the user to rapidly access information in their area. However, these systems need to be improved to help the user during search and access to information. Both printed journals migrating to electronic media, and the exclusively electronic journals should present the current quality indicators. The attempt was made to discover whethercharacteristics related to printed journals are being maintained in their electronic counterparts. For this, a prototype model was developed to analyze the structure of electronic scientific journals; it composes 14 criteria expressing aspects of quality for these journals. It includes elements of Website Information Architecture and those already in place in printed scientific journals in order to ensure that basic functions – archiving and dissemination – are maintained in electronic publishing. Eachcriterion consists of variables, which measure the maintenance of these functions both in the migrating printed journals and the exclusively electronic ones. This prototype model was used to analyze Ciência da Informação On-line and DataGramaZero – Revista de Ciência da Informação. Results indicate that this model is able to find out if the basicfunctions of archiving and dissemination are being maintained in electronic journals. Therefore, its implementation is justified in electronic journals. The model can help librarians, authors, and users of electronic journals to identify quality journals, and assist editors in developing their projects. The material from the study may be included in the preservice andinservice education of Information Science professionals and to support editors of scientific journals.

Yaginuma, T., T.S.M. Pereira, and A.A. Baptista. "Design of Metadata Elements for Digital News Articles in the Omnipaper Project." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. This paper examines and proposes a set of metadata elements for describing digital news articles for the benefit of distributedand heterogeneous news resource discovery. Existing digital news description standards such as NITF and NewsML are analysed and compared with Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (DCMES), which results in that the use of Dublin Core is encouraged for interoperability of the resources. The suggested metadata elements are carefully selected and defined considering the characteristics of news articles. Some elements are detailed with refinement qualifiers and recommended encoding scheme. This set of metadata has been developed as a part of the tasks in the IST (Information Society Technologies)-funded European project OmniPaper (Smart Access to European Newspapers, IST-2001-32174).
Barton, Mary R.. "DIGITAL INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY DEVELOPMENT – ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. This workshop will focus primarily on the organizational and business issues around building a digital institutional repository. An institutional repository minimally meets four criteria • Institution-based • Scholarly material in digital formats • Cumulative and perpetual • Open and interoperable As background, this workshop will review the reasons behind the development of the DSpace service at MIT, including system development and the service and business models that served to move the project from research effort to a fully functional and integrated libraryservice. Although the business model we developed has MIT specific inputs, we find that many issues are common to all institutions that wish to develop an institutional repository service offering. For the purposes of organization, those issues can be grouped into • Implementation Planning • Legal and Regulatory Environment • Local Policy Development • Cost and Funding Models This workshop will focus on the business and organizational requirements for building sustainable institutional repositories, as opposed to the technical aspects.
Tamizhchelvan, M., A.C. Ganesh, and S. Swaminathan. "Digital Object Identifier In Effective Media Library Management – An Indian Perspective." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

There has been a need for identity across generations. It has been in the form of paper, plastic and now digital. Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a concept that helps to identify the needs of the end-users using technology on a digital environment. DOIs can point to documents, images, sounds, video clips, parts of works, gateways, works under development, evolving works, invoice screens (e.g. order forms, invitational membership forms or pay-per-view forms), rights agreements, a page pointing to an object, even constantly changing sources like news headlines or stock quotes. Virtually anything that a URL might point to now could be handled by the DOI system. DOI makes it possible to identify the information on a digital network, and associating it with related current data. DOIs are designed for use in any digital network, not just the World Wide Web, which is only one recent aspect of the evolution of digital networks and the use of digital objects within them. DOIs can be used in open or proprietary digital networks in broadcasting, multimedia systems, or indeed any conceptual framework. DOIs can be thought of as an abstract specification, which have a referenceimplementation in the current Internet technologies. From a media library point of view, with so much of news flowing in a media organization, one needs to be both subject as well as system expert to identify, organize, store and also retrieve information. Many attempts have been made to organize the newspapers over the years, from bound volumes to the recentfull-text newspaper database to identify the news or information. The role of digital identifiers plays a part in some ways. Though DOI may not be used in true sense, information which is collected, stored and retrieved using digital media be it CD-ROMs, tape drives or web based applications are based on certain identification which may be in the form of numbers generated by database themselves or by manual inputs. Therefore, one can easily identify the news item hosted under various categories for either modification or for effective retrieval. Another area that digital media libraries are slowly moving into helping the organization bring out eBooks to enhance, sustain and provide value-added service to their reader/browser and also bring in some extra revenue for the organization. Therefore, this paper looks at ways effectively to organize media library in managing information, storing, retrieving, indexing, classification and overall management of news flow in a media setup and also sees a need for DOI as a tool to reach to different target audiences and end users.

Ramalho, Jos Carlos, and Jose Luis Santos. "Electronic Publishing of ADB Editions." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. Arquivo Distrital de Braga (ADB), the second largest Portuguese Archive, owns thousands of important master pieces, published according to merely typographic techniques. For the great majority, their existence in electronic support is still a mirage. However, some years ago, ADB and the Department of Computer Science at the University of Minho have created a synergy aiming at modernizing, through computing processes, the uniquecultural value the Archive owns. The goal of this document is to provide a technological overview on the work developed at ADB along the years in the arena of electronic publishing. It includes the presentation of a practical case.
Güntner, G., W. Behrendt, and G. Geser. "Ep2010 – A Strategic European Study on the Future of Electronic Publishing Towards 2010." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Our presentation gives an outlook on some of the main results of a strategic European study entitled “EP2010 – The Future of Electronic Publishing Towards 2010”. The paper puts forward the thesis that, driven by the emerging knowledge economy, “traditional” publishing industries will have to face the technological and economic challenges of knowledgeenhanced publishing: Novel publishing objects will provide different information layers (adapters) including an underlying knowledge structure to enable value adding (in a very broad sense) along various steps in the publishing workflow. We introduce the concept of “smart content” to define, along the digital content value chain, the major technological challenges and market scenarios for the future of the electronic publishing sector in the knowledge economy. Smart content objects will,among other properties, be personalised, adaptable, evolvable, unobtrusive, interoperable and ubiquitous. A proposed research map including foundational research, application-oriented research on the publishing and knowledge management workflow and integrative research, e.g. on semantic interoperability, reflects the needs of the publishing industries regardingthe paradigm change from traditional “canned” publishing towards knowledge based publishing in 2010.

Fresno-Fernandez, V., S. Montalvo-Herranz, and J. Pérez-Iglesias. "eXitor: A Tool for the Assisted Edition of XML Documents." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

XML and its associated technologies are increasingly being used in Electronic Publishing. This fact is due to some of its inherent characteristics: (1) XML allows separating the contents and the presentation format. (2) XML allows giving a logical structure to information. (3) XML allows associating semantics to the logical structure. There is a general agreement thatthese features will be very important for the development of the semantic web. In this context there is a demand for XML editors. A comparative analysis of current XML editors reveals that most of them have two general lacks. Firstly, using these editors requires deep knowledge of the XML syntax and its DTD or the XML-Schema particular vocabulary. Their interfaces do not guide to user in the edition process, e.g. by showing him/her the different possibilities available at any moment withrespect to vocabulary. This drawback is especially discouraging for naïve users. Secondly, the validation of a document is made on request to specific commands or on saving it. In the worst case, these tools allow generating an invalid document that accumulates errors and overwhelms the user during their correction. In this paper, we describe an editor of XMLdocuments, called eXitor, that shares the common features of the main XML editors, but tries to solve the two problems quoted above. With respect to the visibility of XML syntax, the editor supports both naïve and expert users. For the first kind of users, the user can understand the document structure without the need to see the XML source code. For the expert users, the tool allows displaying XML syntax. With respect to the validation problem, the user interface does not allow generatingnon-valid XML documents. During the edition process, elements and attributes can be inserted guaranteeing that the XML document is well-formed and valid with respect to a given DTD. (In the specific case of XML Schema this tool only supports DocBook XML Schema V4.1.2.3.) In summary, its main characteristics are: (1) The tool can hide syntactic information (XML syntax and DTD or Schema syntax), only displaying the textual contents of the elements. (2) The tool can display syntax information to the advanced user. (3) The document structure is always shown in a tree format. (4) The tool forces to introduce all the compulsory components. (5) At any moment, the document is well formed and valid.

Baptista, Ana Alice. "Flying over a Conference – An Overview of Elpub2003 Technical Track Articles." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. For dealing with a large variety of issues in electronic publishing, the ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing (Elpub) conference series has traditionally a large scope. The technical track in Elpub2003 issues, in particular, range from user interface considerations until machine learning, covering fields such as metadata, multimedia or mobile computing. This article makes an overview the main contributions of Elpub2003 technical track accepted articles.
Pacheco, R.C.S., V.M. Kern, N.D.B. Albuquerque, and P.H.S. Bermejo. "Information Integration in a Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. Information interchange among library and other academic applications is often hindered by the lack of application interoperability. The reasons include software and hardware incompatibility and also the conception of systems that serve only to very specific users without offering access to important information stakeholders. This hindrance may be overcomethrough the conception of systems that satisfy a broad array of users, and through the development of standards that allow for digital libraries to exchange and share information with other applications. The Graduate Program in Production Engineering of the Federal University of Santa Catarina launched, in 1995, its Theses and Dissertations Bank. From a digital document repository, BTD evolved into a system that combines search and statistics features and integration with online curriculum andother applications. BTD is used by students and faculty in their research activities, but also by decision makers from industry and the academy. They use it, respectively, to search for specialists and to measure interest and knowledge interchange among PPGEP research areas. This paper presents the conception of information systems architecture starting from the consideration of the interests of all users. The history, features, and development prospects for the BTD project are discussed. The integration of BTD with other academic applications, especially those of Lattes, the Brazilian national science and technology platform, is emphasized.
Borbinha, J., N. Freire, M. Silva, and B. Martins. "Internet Search Engines and Opacs: Getting the Best of Two Worlds." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper reports a pragmatic experiment, consisting on the integration of a Web search engine with a traditional library's catalogue. PORBASE is the Portuguese bibliographic union catalogue. It holds more than one million of bibliographic and nearly half a million of authoritative structured records about authors, families, organizations and subjects. tumba! is a searchengine specialized in indexing web pages in Portuguese language. It indexes actually more than one million of pages, found potentially everywhere in the web. Since the early days of the Web that we have been assisting to a discussion about the pros and cons of web indexes built automatically by search engines as an alternative to traditional human-built databases, as the library's catalogues are. The main argument against search engines has been that they might be very effective in indexing the surface skins of the web, but they miss the richest contents hidden behind the more complex web sites and databases, the so called "deep web". On the other side their defenders point the relatively low cost of those solutions, which make it possible to provide good services without the costs of manual cataloguing, classification, indexing of the resources. This paper reportsabout an experiment to explore the best of both worlds, by using PORBASE in conjunction with tumba!. We extracted from PORBASE the major index of the authorities (names of persons), along with the frequency of each entry, and integrated it within the tumba! search engine. We also developed a very simple HTTP-based interface, ESPONJA, which tumba! can useto launch queries in PORBASE using the authoritative descriptions as arguments. In the scenario of this experiment, a user performing a search session using tumba! will be able to search also in PORBASE using the authoritative form of the search terms without knowing them in advance. The process starts when tumba! presents its own results complemented with suggestions (tips) to search in PORBASE. If the user chooses to launch a search there, a new window is opened showing the results of a search for the term. After that it is up to the user to continue interacting with PORBASE, to explore new results and take advantage of the specific functions of its specialized catalogue. This work aims to be only a proof of concept for this approach. Next steps will comprise the tuning of the algorithms to process the authority information in tumba!, and theformalization of the ESPONJA interface toward a stable, open, generic and reliable interface for interoperability with BN's specialized bibliographic systems.

Tous, Ruben, and Jaime Delgado. "Interoperability Adaptors for Distributed Information Search on the Web." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The experience of low-barrier interoperability approaches like the Open Archives Initiative in conjunction with the success of Web Services technology encourage to think on new mechanisms to search and retrieve Web contents. We present a strategy that will allow heterogeneous Web resources to be searched and retrieved in the same way contents from digital libraries or other areas with well defined search and retrieval standards are. Simplicity, semantic-independence and specialisation are the key features of an approach that targets also the new metadata that is being disseminated as a result of the Semantic Web initiative.

Gancarski, Alda Cristina R., and Pedro Manuel San Henriques. "IXDIRQL: An Interactive XML Data and Information Retrieval Query Language." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Electronic publishing of collections of XML documents should be accompanied with an information retrieval system to allow the users to access parts of documents which satisfy their specific needs. In this sense, different XML query languages appeared (XQL, for example) to express in queries what parts have to be retrieved from the documents. To evaluate a query, several steps are performed with respective intermediate results until the desired final result. In this paper, we present aninteractive XML query language (called IXDIRQL) which is an extension to XQL to allow for the selection on the spot of the interesting subset of elements from each intermediate result of a query. To make this possible, intermediate results must be available during the construction of the query. This helps the user in constructing his query to achieve the desired result. Moreover, in IXDIRQL textual similarity search of traditional Information Retrieval is also possible. The result of this operation is a ranked list of elements organized in a way to ease the task of the user to detect the relevant information in the results.

Gadd, E., C. Oppenheim, and S. Probets. "Journal Copyright Transfer Agreements: Their Effect on Author Self-Archiving." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper reports on the results of an analysis of 80 copyright transfer agreements (CTAs) with particular regard to their effect on author self-archiving. It shows the number of CTAs asking for copyright assignment, the time of assignment and what happens when copyright cannot be assigned. It outlines the warranties required of the author, and the exceptions granted back to the author by which they may use their own work. In particular it focuses on the number of CTAs allowing self-archiving and the conditions under which they may do so. It concludes that whether an author can safely self-archive or not depends on a complex matrix of the following factors: i) whether copyright assignment or a non-exclusive licence is required; ii) the time of copyright assignment; iii) if (and when) CTA’s actually allow self-archiving; iv) if publishers do not allow self-archiving, but do not see it as ‘prior publication’; v) whether the preprint is legally a separate copyright work to the refereed postprint; and vi) whether the author wishes to self-archive a pre-print, postprint or both.

Tevekeli, Angeliki. "Layout Design Principles for Cross Platform Publications." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Design is a way of communication and expression. Words, shapes and images are a language and all together contribute to an effective communication. Designers and creative media labs have focused on the design of printing artifacts for years and in order to stay in the market, the same people adjusted their design skills for cross platform use. This paper discusses the various factors that affect the design of the layout for cross platform publications, the technical specifications and the differentiations in the process of the elements that are beingused, the psychology of the user and the way designers should face the layout design for new technologies. Design is the most important factor for the future reader’s / user’s judgment on whether a printed artifact or a new media application is interesting, and worth spending time on.

Reich, Victoria, and David S. H. Rosenthal. "LOCKSS: BUILDING PERMANENT ACCESS FOR E-JOURNALS – PRACTICAL STEPS TOWARDS AND AFFORDABLE, COOPERATIVE, E-PRESERVATION, AND E-ARCHIVINGPROGRAM." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. The decentralized, cooperative, preservation and archiving model embodied in the LOCKSS Program capitalizes on the traditional roles of libraries and publishers. The open source software enables institutions to locally collect, store, preserve, and archive web based journals thus safeguarding their community’s access to that content. The model enforces the publisher’s access control systems and, for many publishers, does no harm to their business models. The LOCKSS Program is moving towards implementation by: • Building production quality software • Exploring best practices for collection development • Specifying collection management requirements, including metadata • Founding an Alliance for longer term support of the program
Lemlouma, Tayeb, and Nabil Laya_Da. "Media Resources Adaptation for Limited Devices." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

In this paper, we define a framework for media resources manipulation in an adaptive content delivery system. We discuss the media resources manipulation in an adaptation and negotiation architecture in terms of binary relationship definition using a so-called "related resources" approach, resources extraction, adaptation and delivery. We show how differentresources can be related by predefined semantic relationships in order to help structural adaptation and content negotiation tasks. We give a simple recursive algorithm to extract media resources form an input tree structure. The media description is specified using an extensible CC/PP profile. In order to show the benefits of our approach, we give a practical application of media manipulation: an automatic adaptation of XHTML documents for mobile phones. We propose also a general mechanism for the content servers in order to deliver media resources according to client constraints or profile. The influence of media selection in the delivery of multimedia services is also described using evaluation formulae and measured with some experimentations.

Diocaretz, Myriam, and Richard Tee. "Mobile Internet Services in Japan and Europe: Examining Industrial Organisation in Relation to Interactive Electronic Publishing." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Based on our field and desk-research , this paper will discuss the current situation of mobile telephones in relation to electronic publishing—a convergence that remains yet to be developed-- with a view to the feasibility of interactive electronic publishing availability in these devices. Our paper offers a special focus on the different modes of stakeholder organization that exist in Japan and Europe, given that the main actors involved in the field of mobile Internet, i.e. telecom operators, handset manufacturers and content providers, interact very differently inthese two regions. There are marked distinctions between the Japanese model, which is strictly coordinated by one player, and the European model, which makes more use of open standards without a dominant party. The result has been that electronic publishing content has taken off rapidly in Japan, with an abundance of services available, while in Europe it is virtually non-existent. The relevance of the contrastive approach is important to follow the current developments of the mobile industry and the telecom joint ventures in the European Union, especially now that in 2003 the leading Japanese telecom players are beginning to act as stakeholders in the EU region. The authors conclude that neither the Japanese nor the EU models—being so different from one another, will predominate in the future; the best model will be one that combines business elements from both.

Simoes, Alberto Manuel B., and Jose Joao Dias De Almeida. "Music Publishing." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Current music publishing in the Internet is mainly concerned with sound publishing. We claim that music publishing is not only to make sound available but also to de ne relations between a set of music objects like music scores, guitar chords, lyrics and their meta-data. Wewant an easy way to publish music in the Internet, to make high quality paper booklets and even to create Audio CD's. In this document we present a workbench for music publishing based on open formats, using open-source tools and script programming over them. The workbench is based on an archive speci cation written in a text-based format which includessound references, music scores, chords and lyrics and their meta-information.

Targino, Maria Das Graça. "New Technologies and Scientific Production: Causal Relationships or a Situation of Multiple Outcomes?" In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

While emphasizing the Internet, the author discusses the relationships between new technologies, scientific production, andelectronic publication. Though the relevance of the Internet, as an intervening phenomenon in today's reality, and thefacilities available in cybernetic space, especially for scientific production, are presented, the primary focus of the text is onthe drawbacks of this situation. These disadvantages include: inconsistencies, instantaneous and ephemeral nature ofinformation, complexity regarding storage, difficulties in bibliographic control, and disrespect for authorship and intellectualproperty rights.

Ramalho, J.C., G.R. Librelotto, and P.R. Henriques. "Ontology Driven Websites/Metamorphosis: A Framework to Specify and Manage Ontology Driven Websites." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. Website development has always been an hard task: it consumes time and resources. What is new today is normally taken as granted tomorrow by users. This is to say that users always want more. Today they want up to date information and they want to access it according to their point of view or particular preferences. To cope with these demands, websites must be dynamic and must be able to reconfigure automatically their structure, content and appearance. This scenery has favored the creation of tools for automatic generation and management websites. In this paper we propose not a new tool of this kind but a new approach to the problem.In our approach we consider two layers. A physical layer that we call the resources layer, composed by databases, XML documents, directory subtrees, and the whole sort of files you can think of to represent your information. A metadata layer called the ontology layer, thatprovides a view to those resources. Our framework consists of several parts. In this paper the focus will be the navigation component.This component takes an ontology and uses it to navigate through the resources layer. We are using XML technology to implement the whole framework and this component is implemented through an XML transformation process.
Chan, L., M. Hagemann, J. Borbinha, R. Sabbatini, M. Barton, V. Reich, and D. Rosenthal. "Open Access Session." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. This session is intended to provide audience with up-to-date information about the world-wide open access movement and its implications for the library and scholarly communities. Speakers will showcase sometechnological under-layers and common protocols that are facilitating the current movement, and present some ongoing initiatives that are exploring alternative models of publishing, particularly through open access. Anunderlying theme of the session is the importance of institutional collaborations, particularly those between institutions in developing and the developed countries.
Hoekstra, Rik. "Organizational and Technical Aspects of an Electronic Publishing Framework for Historical Sources." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper discusses the way in which we constructed a framework for the publication on the web of historical sources at the Institute of Netherlands History (ING) in The Hague (The Netherlands). The framework is built using the web application platform Zope and is flexible because of its modular construction. This makes it possible to publishing heterogeneous researchdata with their own requirements for accessibility and usability, while maintaining uniformity in presentation and access whenever possible. Because a number of different approaches were used in its design, it is not the end solution to a problem, but ready to grow and evolve as new features are required.

Fytton, Rowland. "Peer Review of Electronic Journals." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The recent literature about peer review of scholarly articles is reviewed, with particular emphasis on the cost of the peer-review process. Possible impacts of electronic scholarly publishing upon peer reviewing are discussed. Opinion amongst academics in their roles as authors, editors and referees seems likely to insist upon preservation of a prepublicationrefereeing system in most disciplines. As the administration of any such system seems to have a cost of about $400 per published article, any scholarly publishing system will need to locate financial support to at least that extent, and a system of lump-sum payment by the authors’ funders is best placed to cover this cost while providing universal free access to scholarly material.

Hynek, Jiri, and Karel Jezek. "Practical Approach to Automatic Text Summarization." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The significance of automatic document summarization increases with the threat of information overload we are facing. Short summaries can be presented to users, for example, in place of fulllength documents found by a search engine in response to a user’s query. We have analyzed variousapproaches to document summarization, using some existing algorithms and combining these with a novel use of itemsets. The resulting summarizer is evaluated by comparing classification of original documents and that of abstracts generated automatically. Despite highly promising results achieved by this evaluation, readability of abstracts must be further improved by integrating additional heuristic approaches.

Vieira, Lise, and Lamia Badra. "Publishers in the Electronic Information Environment: Recent Opportunities and Challenges: The Context of Scholarly Publications in France." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The paper explores some significant changes in the field of scholar publishing, especially concerning the French context. First the important role of multimedia, its growing influence on the user behaviour and on the education field is stressed. We study particularly the added-values of the multimedia publication and shows how new technologies generate innovative ways of writing, creating, producing and reading. We emphasizes on theemergence of a new culture based upon the metaphoric characteristics of the multimedia that modifies our relation with communication and with the world. Second the paper analysis the electronic world of informationthat provides challenges as well as opportunities for publishers everywhere. It addresses a general outline of the internet impact on the relation between publishers, users and authors. Besides, it describes precisely the existing role and functions of French publishers in the academic and scholar levels and gives some examples of services’ publishers. Despite the offer’s variety of French scholar publishers many problems remain to deal with. Our analysis highlights the recent obstacles faced by them both nationally and internationally. Finally it discusses the needs and possible ways of fruitful research to better meet remote users’ needs especially in the francophone context. It focuses on the advantages of creating new partnerships to meet current and future challenges ofscholar publishers.

Norrie, S., B. Kremer, S. Oka, and N. Thurman. "Reducing Info-Exclusion of Mental Health Service Users Through Online Content Using Synchronised Multimedia Integration Language." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper describes how the multimedia mark-up languages SMIL and HTML+TIME were used to publish three types of online presentations of multi-modal artwork by mental health service users. This technology has the potential to bring the work of artists working with mental health services to a wider audience, at low cost, with fuller participation and also offers a number of new creative possibilities. The presentations included artwork, biography and audio transcripts in static files with the aim of reducing the info-exclusion of multimedia service user artists. The potential of server-side scripting integrating MySQL database contents dynamically into SMIL templates was investigated for its capacity to generate random or topical art displays 'on the fly'. In two prototype server-side applications, PHP scripts used user input to activate multimedia file pointers contained in the database. The feasibility of server-side scripting in terms of browser/player support and other issues is discussed.

Björk, Bo-Christer, and Turid Hedlund. "Scientific Publication Life-Cycle Model (Splc)." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The scientific publishing process has during the past few years undergone considerable changes, due to the possibilities offered by the Internet for fast delivery and inter-linking of publications which refer to each other. The socio-economic structures have, however, not changed much, and many academics and librarians view the current situation as sub-optimaland highly unsatisfactory. This has triggered a number of initiatives to set up e-print repositories and electronic peer reviewed journals, which usually offer the full text for free on the web. The label Open Access is gaining popularity for describing such efforts, in line with the Open Source term used in the software development community. Despite the obvious advantages it offers, Open Access hasn’t become as widespread as expected, and there is a need for both successful demonstrator projectsand serious research studying the way the scholarly communication system is affected by the Internet. As a part of the EU funded SciX project the cost implications of different publishing models are being studied. A basis for the cost studies is the formal process model of the scientific publishing process, which is presented in this paper. The model has been developedusing the IDEF0 modelling method, a method which allows the breaking up of a process into its parts connected by output and input arrows. The Scientific Publication Life-Cycle Model models the life cycle of the single publication, in particular the refereed journal article, from the research leading to it and writing it into it being read by other researchers years later or used as an impulse for practical implementation. The paper presents the 22 hierarchical diagrams of the model including 64separate activities. Conclusions are drawn about the usefulness of the modelling methodology for this particular purpose as well as of future use of the model itself. In addition to providing a basis for cost studies the model could function as a road map for different types of Open Access initiatives.

Bäck, A., S. Vainikainen, C. Södergård, and H. Juhola. "Semantic Web Technologies in Knowledge Management." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. Knowledge management is a big challenge especially in large organisations. Knowledge resides in many different forms: as explicit knowledge in documents and processes and as tacit knowledge in people and procedures and in many different forms between these two extremes. The vision of the Semantic Web is to offer more intelligent services by facilitating machineunderstanding of web content. Ontologies are an important building block in Semantic Web. An ontology describes the concepts, their relationships and properties within their domain, and it can be utilised both to offer automatic infering and interoperability between applications. This is an appropriate vision for knowledge management, too. This paper describeshow Semantic Web ontologies can be utilised in a research organisation to create a common language to describe its knowledge. The same ontology can be utilised to manage projects, people, documents and products. With a common ontology, information that is spread out in many different applications and documents can be viewable in a way that is easyto understand and navigate. The ontology makes it possible to search both knowledge content and experts who are linked to different topics, thereby bridging the gap between the tacit and explicit knowledge.
Van Hemel, S., B. Paepen, and J. Engelen. "Smart Search in Newspaper Archives Using Topic Maps." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The OmniPaper project has implemented three information retrieval prototypes in the area of electronic news publishing. One prototype uses SOAP as communication protocol between the central system and a number of distributed news archives. The second prototype uses an RDF metadata database, enabling direct metadata queries to the central system. Finally the Topic Map prototype uses query expansion and semantic linking for smart metadata search. The Topic Map prototype enhances thesearch experience by implementing a knowledge layer that combines the semantic content of a lexical database, consisting of concepts and keywords, with a metadata-set of newspaper articles. The linking between both is currently implemented at the level of keywords but will be developed at the level of concepts in the final prototype. The knowledge layer has been designed from a Topic Map point of view, although the XTM syntax has not been used to avoid performance issues. The consortium’s adopted view on information publishing and retrieval considers querying and navigation as two very related actions that can both be captured under the name “search for relevant information”. Navigation forces the user to followpredefined paths whereas querying enables the user to look freely for a suitable starting point. The query and navigation functionality is provided through a web engine and is build on top of the information structure of the knowledge layer.

Krottmaier, Harald. "Stop Reading (Useless Parts)!" In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Information overload is one of the biggest problems currently omnipresent in the word largest network, the Internet. No general solution exists therefore it is important to handle this problem at least in certain areas. Large collections of articles are available to the users ofthe Internet. Since technology is very easy to handle for information providers, literally every person who has access to a computer, which is connected to the internet, is able to provide articles for other users. Unfortunately, all these collections generate additional informationoverload. Once people are aware of a new service-provider, it is impossible for users to read all the articles provided to them. This article is divided in two parts: First, we discuss the concept of finding the right collection of articles and the right articles in this collection. Second, we discuss mechanisms for finding the right parts to read in an article.

Smart, Pippa. "Supporting Indigenous Published Research: The African Journals Online (Ajol) Case Study." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003. The Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information (PERI) was launched by INASP to improve access to research results between developing and developed countries. This project includes 4components: (1) supply information online into academic and research libraries, (2) assist dissemination of national and regional scholarly publications, (3) provide training on best use of online resources, and(4) support local publishing through training in publishing skills. The first component of the programme provides over 7000 journals through negotiations with commercial publishers and learned societies inEurope, USA and Australasia. This ensures up-to-date and reliable information is provided to researchers. However, it is recognised that promoting indigenous scholarly/academic publications is equally importantin supporting research. African Journals OnLine (AJOL) was launched as a pilot in 1997, and on the Internet in April/May 1998 with 10 science and 3 medical journals. The pilot ended in Dec 1999, and funding was given to continue the service. This online service (www.inasp.info/ajol) provides tables of contents and abstracts, plus information about each journal, including instructions for authors and subscription information. There are currently 161 titles on the service from 20 African countries, inHealth, Agricultural Sciences, Social Sciences, Arts and Culture and Science and Technology. The service also provides a document delivery service, and between January-March 2003 supplied 95 articles. Almost 6000 people are registered onto the service, with approx. 200 new registrations each month. From pilot findings and subsequent evaluation the most important features of such a service are: (1) providing a repository of information about African journals (there are no similar lists of journals currently inpublication); (2) diversity of subjects (this increases traffic to the site and helps to improve visibility of all journals); (3) credit card document delivery service (when credit card payments were introduced the number of orders increased substantially); (4) available abstracts (some journals cannot supply these, but their importance is continually commented upon by users of the site); (5) author instructions (several authors contact INASP asking about submission where there are no guidelines). The main reportedbenefit to journals on the service is increased visibility outside their country of publication, and some titles have reported increased submissions. It is more difficult to prove if the service has resulted inincreased subscription and citation levels. The project appears to be providing some tangible benefits to the journals included, and may be considered a successful approach to supporting indigenous publishedresearch.
Smith, John W. T.. "The Deconstructed Journal Revisited – A Review of Developments." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Developments in net based academic publishing since 1999 are reviewed in light of the requirements of the Deconstructed Journal (DJ) academic publishing model. This model proposes that all the activities of traditionaljournal publishing could be carried out by a group of co-operating independent agents without the necessary requirement of a publisher to co-ordinate them. It is shown that most of the elements required for the DJpublishing model to operate are now available. The one major element missing is the independent Certification Agent (CA). The role of the CA in the DJ model is to provide quality control (refereeing, etc.) and to confirmthis it should affix its ‘seal of approval’ to the document. Document integrity and authentication are described and the operation of Digital Signatures (DSs) reviewed including current usage problems. It is concluded that easy to use DSs or similar tools are needed to allow the emergence of truly independent CAs but the reward will be documents that are completely free.

Costa, Sely M. S., and Ana Cristina Moreira. "THE DIVERSITY OF TRENDS, EXPERIENCES AND APPROACHES IN ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING: EVIDENCES OF A PARADIGM SHIFT ON COMMUNICATION." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Electronic publishing constitutes one of the most exciting themes nowadays, amongst academics, at least, though substantial effects of IT usage for communication purposes in other than academic sceneries have also set off enthusiasm on people involved with that. Within the academic environment the use of IT for communicating research by scientists and scholars from different bodies of knowledge has brought about significant changes in the scholarly communication process, particularly in journal production and distribution, conference organisation and a number of other actions regarding making knowledge public. Alternatively, the use of IT within business and technological environments has also triggered changes concerning their stakeholders’ interactions. As a consequence, significant changes in communication have been observed, much of them clearly identified in the works submitted to and presented at ElPub2003. a quick glance at ElPub proceedings from 1997 to 2002 allow to observe the evolution of such an It is important to note that changes are also an important and stimulating theme in whatever context. In the academic environment, changes have been approached by Kuhn as either giving birth to new paradigms or being born from them. In fact, Kuhn (1970), Meadows (1998), Pahre (1996) and others have approached paradigm as something very important in the academic world, as it constitutes a conceptual framework involving both theory and practice, and providing guidance on what problems deserve investigation and how they should be tackled. In this sense, this speech aims to highlight the major issues under Elpub2003 authors’ concerns, and the way they have been both looked at and dealt with.

Braun, Kim. "The German Academic Publishers Project – Gap." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

German Academic Publishers (GAP, www.gap-c.de) is a project funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Science Foundation, www.dfg.de) for the purpose of creating a new model for academic publishing. Activities commenced in December 2001 and funding is secure for two years; a follow-up proposal requesting an extension of fundingfor additional developments and integration will be submitted to the DFG. The project is not centered around research and development activities but is rather an infrastructure project. Goals of the project include creation of an organizational network of academic presses and other (in the sense of GAP) eligible publishing institutions, creation of a business plan toguarantee a sustainable “life” for GAP after funding expires and establishing the necessary infrastructure for onlinepublishing(including a peer-reviewing process) and on-line management of persons, roles and other elements of the publishing-process. Core-partners in the project are Hamburg University Computing Center, State and University Library Hamburg, University Library Karlsruhe and the Library and Information System of the Oldenburg University. In the courseof the project other partners have joined GAP to evaluate it as well as to contribute expertise in areas not covered by the original partners. Thus far the network has been set up and organized with a so-called Back Office at the center of the cooperation. The Back Office provides technical services such as running the publication system and offering OAI-compatibleexport of metadata and document storage, but at the same time it is to serve as a Center of Competence to universities planning to found their own academic university presses. The members and partners of GAP are the so-called Front Offices, using the infrastructure of GAP. Front Offices can be academic presses, learned societies, universities as a whole or faculties and departments, even individual scientists. The Front Offices customers – the authors – process their publications throughGAPware, GAP’s on-line publication system. This will ensure speedy processing and return scientific publication to one of its original goals: scientific communication. All the more so, as one of GAP’s aims is to make what is published through its channels freely available on the internet. GAPware is the on-line publication system developed in Oldenburg andprogrammed for GAP by the Institute for Science Networking. Features include – naturally – the entire publication process, publication-container management, author and peer-reviewer management, an elaborate peer-reviewing element, as well as in the future a pre-publication and a print-on-demand option. GAPware is in a beta-stage, but will be refined further in theupcoming months. The most imminent work within the project is the development of a business plan to ensure sustainability for GAP beyond the original financing by the German Science Foundation (DFG)

Pereira, Teresa S., and Ana Alice Baptista. "THE OMNIPAPER METADATA RDF/XML PROTOTYPE IMPLEMENTATION." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Omnipaper (Smart Access to European Newspapers, IST-2001-32174) is a project from the European Commission IST program (Information Society Technologies) that investigates and proposes ways for access to different types of distributed information sources. This article intends to introduce the technology Resource Description Framework - RDF, developed by W3C for the Web based on metadata, and its practical use in the Omnipaper project, which the authors are involved. We intend to achieve the implementation of a prototype that enables users (professional journalists and occasional users) to have simultaneous and structured access to the articles of a large number of digital European news providers. Omnipaper is not a project about digitalization of news, but about bringing digitized news originating from various sources (and in various formats) together. In this article will be described the procedure implemented in the description of our newspaper articles using the RDF technology, followed by a elaborated description on the manipulation process and treatment of the information structured in RDF, through the RDF Gateway.

A. Ocaña, Crespo, J.C. Gómez- Cor Ortiz, and M.J. Rodeño Arráez. "THE RADIO NACIONAL DE ESPAñA SOUND ARCHIVE PRESERVATION." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

The 20th century Spanish sound history has been preserved in digital format and can now be consulted online through intranet. This is a pioneer project in the broadcasting industry around the world finished in December 2002. The Radio Nacional de España (RNE) sound archive has been massively digitized and several applications to access this information online have been developed. This archive is considered the most important audio archive in Spanish language in the world. Special innovation has been used in four areas: the development of a complex system designed for the supervision of the project defined workflow, the creation of a solution for the massive and automatic importation of the contents in CD format, the definition of an algorithm that maximizes the documental information to be inserted in the metadata file of the documental typology and the usage of information technology longitudinal tape to store the content. Successful team work was implemented by RNE sound archivists, documentalists, audio engineers and IT professionals; IBM Global Services consultants, digitization operators and systems engineers; IBM product managers and sales representatives.

Llorente, Silvia, and Jaime Delgado. "Use of Metadata in a Collaborative Editing Service." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Our main motivation for identifying the metadata present in a collaborative editing service was to offer it through electronic commerce, as we have previously done some work in the definition of electronic commerce of services. In this work we focused in controlling complex services with the help of a workflow [1] for offering them through electronic commerce. Wehave also identified the metadata present in complex services [2, 3] and now we want to go a step further by identifying metadata present in content generated by a specific complex service, collaborative editing of multimedia documents. To help us in doing this identification, we have taken the metadata defined in Learning Object Metadata (LOM) [4] as a startingpoint. In this paper, we show the selection and adaptation of this schema to our needs and also the use we make of this information in the collaborative editing service. The final result of this task should be a new schema, completely addressed to the collaborative editing service. The complex service collaborative editing of multimedia documents has been selected inthis work for its relationship with electronic publishing1.

Marton, Ch., K. Kalsbeek, and K. Thulin. "User-Centred Design of a Web Interface for a Bibliographic Database on Women’s Health." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

Web usability design guidelines derived from a synthesis of the literature were used to evaluate two Web search interfaces for a bibliographic database on women’s health information resources. The current interface is hosted on the Ontario Women’s Health Council Secretariat website (OWHC). The OWHC is an agency of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (Ontario, Canada). The new interface will be hosted on the Resources section of the Women’s Health Matters (WHM) website, a bilingual Canadian consumer health portal on women’s health issues. Six criteria for effective web interface design were identified: visual design; information architecture; navigation; search; universal usability, and help. Prior to conducting a literature-based evaluation of the two search interfaces, a series of evaluations were conducted with expertreviewers, IT experts and WHM content staff from Sunnybrook and Women’s College Health Sciences Centre. Findings from both types of evaluation were compared and deemed to be similar. The current and future web search interfaces are aesthetically pleasing and offer standard search fields for conducting basic searches on the consumer health database. TheOWHC search interface possesses one advantage over the prototype WHM interface; an alphabetically arranged list of health topics. However, the prototype WHM search interface offers more search options in both the basic and advanced search interfaces. Both the current OWHC search interface and prototype WHM interface suffer from inconsistency and/or lack of clarity in terms of labelling search fields and their options. Furthermore, the complexity of the WHM advanced searchinterface, in terms of number of search categories, impairs usability. Modifications to the prototype WHM search interface have been subsequently implemented by Women’s Health Matters before the official launch of this consumer health database and its web interface on the WHM site in late 2003. Thus, two divergent methodological approaches can provide similar insights into effective web design and lead to improvements in the usability of web search interfaces.

Pinto, Rui José Held, and Vilas Boas Noé. "Using a Private Uddi for Publishing Location-Based Information to Mobile Users." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This paper describes our experience with the use of Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) technology for supporting location-based service discovery. Our goal is to allow Web Services to be associated with physical locations and then queried according to spatial criteria. This would enable location-based applications to use local UDDI registries todiscover the Web Services that are relevant for the current location of a mobile user. However, the current model for Web Services discovery in UDDI does not directly support the particular requirements of location-based discovery. The main limitation is the inadequacy of the query-processing mechanism, based on exact matching between query criteria and servicecategorizations, to support discovery models based on proximity. We propose an approach that includes a space model that allows external entities to obtain information about the spatial structure of the local environment, a set of querying taxonomies that allow UDDI queries to include spatial criteria while maintaining conformance with the UDDI standards, and a proxy that allows application to benefit from spatial queries while maintaining the approach transparent. This approach iscurrently being used and evaluated in the VADE project.

Rumpler, Beatrice. "Using Scientific Documents for Distance Learning." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

In scientific digital libraries many documents such as publications, technical reports, theses, etc. could be used as basic data supports for distance learning in the universities. But the native structure of these documents is generally not directly adapted to e-learning. In this paper we present our project in which we study how to modify and manage such documents for a better use in distance learning. In the first part, we introduce the definition of a format for scientific documents suited to e-learning, we propose then to use the XML language features to encode and manage these documents. In the next part, we present the documentary system design based on the new structure of the documents and we finish with the description of the prototype that has been made.

Borbinha, J., E. Rodrigues, H. Kuramoto, and A. Azevedo. "Workshop Electronic Thesis and Dissertations." In From information to knowledge: Proceedings of the 7th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Minho, Portugal: Universidade do Minho, 2003.

This workshop will be held in Portuguese language This workshop will discuss the state of the art in the area of electronic thesis and dissertations, with a special focus on experiences and plans in Portugal and Brazil. The participants will include, but are not limited to: Helio Kuramoto (Brazil) - BDTD: Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações; José Borbinha (Portugal) - DiTeD: Dissertações e Teses Digitais (Biblioteca Nacional) Eloy Rodrigues - As Teses e Dissertações Digitais na Universidade do Minho Ana Azevedo - As Teses e Dissertações Digitais na FEUP The main purpose of the workshop will be the dissemination of relevant initiatives in Portugal and Brazil and the discussion of a strategy for cross-Atlantic cooperation.