Keywords Abstract
Baccarne, Rudi. "A Bachelor and Master Theses Portal : Specific Needs and Business Opportunities for the DoKS Repository Tool." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 129-140. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

A few years ago a portal for bachelor and master theses from Flemish university colleges was established by means of the open source repository software DoKS. At present approximately 3500 theses from Flemish university colleges are available online. The growing use of the portal has led to a new communication stream that requires supervision and maintenance. Social software components amongst others are or will be integrated in the portal to give users a platform to perform tasks such as communicate, annotate and advertise. Although different local DoKS repositories and the concept of the DoKS application are similar to repositories and tools within the scientific community, the scope and the aim of a theses repository for university colleges are different. The main part of the database consists of applied research and the majority theses comprise trainee reports. Thus, in addition to students and instructors, the portal is attractive to key players in industry, non-profit institutions and private users with a particular interest in a theses subject. This paper examines the different opportunities and specific needs of a bachelor and master theses portal, illustrated by real life examples. Social software components can breath new life into former static text documents. Users can add comments, create blogs, add tables, illustrations and suchlike. Content sensitive advertisements enhance the content and usage of our theses records and create revenues that can be used to make new improvements. In addition we will discuss the need for new and strict procedures with regard to content control, copyright issues and embargos when a bulk collection of industry related theses are published online.

Pedersen, Sarah. "A Comparison of the Blogging Practices of UK and US Bloggers." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 361-370. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper describes the results of an investigation into the differences and similarities between the blogging techniques of UK and US bloggers undertaken in the winter and spring of 2006-7 and funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council. Blogging started in the US, while British bloggers are relative latecomers to the blogosphere. How has this late arrival impacted on the ways in which Britons blog in comparison to US bloggers? A survey was administered to 60 UK and 60 US bloggers and data was also collected directly from their blogs and by means of online tools. A blog was also set up in order to discuss the findings of the research within the blogosphere. Since blogging started in the US, the majority of research into blogging so far has focused on the US and it is suggested that this focus has resulted in all bloggers being defined through the US experience. The findings of this project suggest that bloggers outside the US may have different approaches to blogging and find different satisfactions. It also suggests a new financial motivation for blogging, which had not previously been identified, and which may be an indication of the way in which the blogosphere is evolving.

Johnson, Ian M.. "A Lifeboat Doesn't Do You any Good if it's not There when You Need it: Open Access and its Place in the New Electronic Publishing Paradigm." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 189-198. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper draws on the results of recent research into digital publishing in Latin America sponsored by the European Commission's ALFA programme. It outlines the growth in publishing in the region. It aims to stimulate reflection on the impact of a system in which most of the publishing is supported by institutions rather than commercial companies, and considers authors' aspirations for their work to achieve recognition, attitudes towards peer review and other aspects of journal quality, the indexing and availability of full text journals, and the sustainability of institutionally supported publishing. Examples are drawn from publishing in the field of librarianship and information sciences on which the original research project was focused.

Kokabi, Mortaza. "A Survey on magiran.com: A Database for the Magazines of Iran." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 461-462. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper present the design and function of magiran.com, a databse of periodicals published in Iran. It also attempts to answer the following questions: How many of the total periodicals published in Iran are covered by magiran? What is the subject coverage of the periodicals covered? Which subjects seem to have been given importance among the periodicals covered? How many of the periodicals are available full text? What is the subject coverage of the periodicals available full text? What are the languages of the periodicals covered? How many of the periodicals accredited by MSRT are found in magiran? What is the subject coverage of the accredited periodicals? Which subjects seem to have been given importance among the accredited periodicals covered? How is the general structure of the site in terms of colors, icons, pull-down windows, and so on?

Asnafi, Amir Reza. "Access to Free e-journals via Library Portals: The Experience of the Shahid Chamran Ahwaz University in Iran as a Case Study." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 457-458. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Journals as one of the most important information carriers are useful resources for libraries and information centers. As publishers more fully actualize the e-journal, it soon will be as insufficient to offer only print journals as it is to provide only print abstracts and indexes. Using journals especially scholarly journals, scientists can contact together in scientific communities. Impact of information technologies on journals has changed the format of these resources into electronic and has facilitated information storage and retrieval. Free e-journals are alternatives for non free e-journals and are useful for libraries that can not afford expensive costs to provide subscription-based e-journals. If libraries really support Free e-journals, then one would assume that we would be pretty aggressive about making free content readily available to our users through library systems and access points (e.g. ILS, knowledge base, web site). Finding free and non free e-journals in the web environment is more difficult than finding print journals, since they rarely are found in bibliographic resources, so their locating and retrieval is difficult. Librarians are responsible for information organization and retrieval and they must corporate in designing search engines and web pages to offer electronic articles that are needed for users. Portals are one of the tools that can be used for accessibility of free and non free e-journals to users. Portals as website are windows to World Wide Web and often have a search engine, links to useful pages, news or other services. In this article various literature and experiences about access to electronic journals via web pages has been reviewed. We decided to create a special portal of free e-journals for postgraduate students, masters & researchers of Shahid Chamran Ahwaz University to use of these resources. So, we provided a list of Shahid Chamran Ahwaz University courses and on the basis of this list, we selected free e-journals of each course via Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) . DOAJ has become “the” Open Access journal site for libraries because it is of a manageable size, Many librarians may think it is comprehensive, It is well organized and easy to harvest. In this survey, Researcher could extract 198 journals from this website that all of them were peer reviewed. Since we wanted to design a portal for free e-journals, we added selected journals to webpage that was linked to Shahid Chamran Ahwaz University Central Library website. This webpage was called free e-journals portal. All students and Masters could access to their needed articles freely. In this article we will discuss about importance of open access or free e-journals and their role in scholarly communication. Finally we will offer free e-journals portal of Shahid Chamran Ahwaz University Central Library as a tool for access to open access articles.

de Almeida, Robson Lopes. "Automatic Content Syndication in Information Science: A Brazilian Experience in the Creation of RSS Feeds to e-journals." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 43-52. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper reports the partial results of an exploratory study which intends to develop a methodology for a Web feed-based aggregation content service to electronic journals in Information Science. Ten scientific e-journals were chosen as sample to demonstrate the potential of the Web syndication technology. These e-journals are supported by the Brazilian Electronic Journal Publishing System (SEER), adapted from the Open Journal Systems (OJS), an open source software for the management of peer-review journals, developed by the Public Knowledge Project (PKP). In this context, the present study describes the concepts of aggregation and content syndication in Web environments. Moreover, it discusses the possibilities, advantages and eventual barriers to the implementation of RSS applications concerned with electronic journals in Information Science, specially the ones supported by the OJS Systems.

Boiy, Erik, Pieter Hens, Koen Deschacht, and Marie-Francine Moens. "Automatic Sentiment Analysis in On-line Text." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 349-360. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The growing stream of content placed on the Web provides a huge collection of textual resources. People share their experiences on-line, ventilate their opinions (and frustrations), or simply talk just about anything. The large amount of available data creates opportunities for automatic mining and analysis. The information we are interested in this paper, is how people feel about certain topics. We consider it as a classification task: their feelings can be positive, negative or neutral. A sentiment isn't always stated in a clear way in the text; it is often represented in subtle, complex ways. Besides direct expression of the user's feelings towards a certain topic, he or she can use a diverse range of other techniques to express his or her emotions. On top of that, authors may mix objective and subjective information about a topic, or write down thoughts about other topics than the one we are investigating. Lastly, the data gathered from the World Wide Web often contains a lot of noise. All of this makes the task of automatic recognition of the sentiment in on-line text more difficult. We will give an overview of various techniques used to tackle the problems in the domain of sentiment analysis, and add some of our own results.

Pryor, Graham. "Beyond Publication - A Passage Through Project StORe." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 107-116. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The principal aim of Project StORe is to provide middleware that will enable bi-directional links between source repositories of research data and the output repositories containing research publications derived from these data. This two-way link is intended to improve opportunities for information discovery and the curation of valuable research output. In immediate terms, it is expected to improve citation rates as a consequence of increasing the accessibility of research output. A survey of researchers in seven scientific disciplines was used to identify workflows and norms in the use of source and output repositories, with particular attention being paid to the existence of common attributes across disciplines, the functional enhancements to repositories considered to be desirable and perceived problems in the use of repositories. Cultural issues were also investigated. From the results of the survey, a generic technical specification was designed and a pilot environment created based upon the UK Data Archive (source repository) and the London School of Economics' Research Articles Online (output repository). A further link to a prototype institutional repository at the University of Essex was used as a control mechanism. The StORe middleware was designed using a Web 2.0 approach similar to existing FOAF (Friend Of A Friend) services such as Flickr and MySpace, but incorporating a federation of institutional, source and output repositories rather than one central area where digital objects are deposited. Researchers can deposit digital material in various formats at their institutional repositories until the data and publications are made available at linked source and output repositories. An enabling central portal provides an OAI-based aggregator service, which harvests the contents of the federation's repositories and provides a simple search facility. Whilst all digital objects are title visible, a key feature of the middleware is the Flickr-like option for regulating access, which gives researchers control over who can see objects they have designated 'non-public'. Using the StORe middleware, it will be possible to traverse the research data environment and its outputs by stepping seamlessly from within an electronic publication directly to the data upon which its findings were based, or linking instantly to all the publications that have resulted from a particular research dataset. It has already been endorsed by participating researchers as having the potential for integrating multiple data sets from different publications. Following completion of the pilot demonstrator, an independent evaluation undertaken by the National Centre for e-Social Science found it effective and easy to use. It may also be said to have broadened the meaning of the terms publish and publication.

Chumbe, Santiago, Roddy MacLeod, and Marion Kennedy. "Building Bridges with Blocks: Assisting Digital Library and Virtual Learning Environment Integration through Reusable Middleware." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 405-414. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Various studies have reported that achieving effective use of increasingly heterogeneous scholarly objects within institutional learning and teaching frameworks is becoming critical to the performance of educational institutions. The integration of digital information environments, such as a University library, within a virtual learning environment (VLE) encapsulates this challenge. This paper presents reusable middleware to achieve effective digital library (DL) and VLE integration. The aim of the study is to demonstrate that the use of open standards and service-oriented architectures (SOA) to build “light” web-services-based middleware is a suitable alternative for embedding digital library information sources in learning and teaching frameworks. We argue that by using open-source and open-standards approaches rather than software and practices developed specifically for a particular VLE product, it is possible to obtain open reusable middleware that can simplify the DL-VLE integration and bridge the functionality of both environments. We hope that our methodology can provide a common foundation on which a variety of institutions may build their own customized middleware to integrate scholarly objects in VLEs. The study has assessed the impact of the VLE-library integration on academic users of both the library and the VLE. Performance issues of the proposed digital library-VLE integration are also discussed. A secondary but important finding of our study is that much more effort is required to open and standardize the closed, restricted and proprietary approach of digital publishers to the reuse of scholarly material. This approach can be a serious obstacle to effective digital library-VLE integration and can limit the publishers' ability to allow the discovery, integration and reuse of scholarly material. Current research in this area is analyzed and discussed.

Leendertse, Matthijs, and Leo Pennings. "Centralized Content Portals: iTunes and the Publishing Industry." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 75-84. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper addresses new questions around media performance as a result of the rise of centralized content portals such as iTunes or MySpace. We first describe the rise of centralized content portals in different media industries, and discuss how these portals are creating a dominant position for themselves by using lock-in strategies. Then we describe the concept of media market performance, and discuss two important media performance concepts: access and diversity. Using scenario analysis, this paper describes three learning scenarios that outline the effects of different configurations of centralized content portals on behavior of publishers, users and advertisers, and through that content on access to and diversity of content.

Best, Judy, and Richard Akerman. "Challenges in the Selection, Design and Implementation of an Online Submission and Peer Review System for STM Journals." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 117-128. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Two international scientific publishers collaborated to develop an Online Submission and Peer Review System (OSPREY) for their journals. Our goals were to meet market demand, increase editorial efficiency and streamline the transition from peer review to publishing. One of the publishers (National Research Council (NRC) Research Press, Canada) had previously purchased a third-party system that was subsequently discontinued by the vendor. Because of this experience and its complex requirements, we decided to build rather than buy a new system. The collaboration with the second publisher, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Publishing, Australia, allowed sharing of resources within a common vision and goals. Agile development through the use of iterations allowed us to continuously add functionality, make improvements and incorporate new requirements. The development team included technical staff as well as stakeholders, future users, business analysts and project managers. The architecture chosen was based on open source technologies, with Java servlets and Java Server Pages for the Web interface. OSPREY currently supports 32 journals at the two publishers. Users accomplish all regular tasks in peer review (submission, selection and invitation of reviewers, submission of review, recommendations and decision) through the software. Editorial staff verifies submissions, sends correspondence and assigns customizable roles and tasks. All tasks are accomplished through a Web browser accessing the application on central servers at the publisher, with no special software or configuration required for any users. Currently, the system integrates with the publishing system by generating manuscript metadata in an XML format, although closer integration with a workflow management system is planned. Since OSPREY implementation, the number of submissions has risen, although marketing and higher ranking of the journals are also factors. For the future, we plan to add new functionality for business tasks and for parsing, tagging and linking of article references.

Van Audenhove, Leo, Simon Delaere, Pieter Ballon, and Michael Van Bossuyt. "Changing Content Industry Structures: The Case of Digital Newspapers on ePaper Mobile Devices." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 53-64. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The proposed paper analyses the changes in business models employed by the stakeholders in the newspaper value network, in the context of a new type of electronic reading device -the ePaper. This PDA-like device uses a new high-contrast, low-power screen technology (eInk), which holds the promise of a digital and mobile reading experience close to that of 'real' paper. The potential impact of massive digitally distributed reading content -newspapers, but also magazines, books, and all other material previously printed on paper- on the traditional publishing value chain and its different constituent actors could be significant. For example, content aggregation roles already greatly dispersed by the internet could move further away from the traditional newspaper publishers; using logging data and RSS feeds on the device, newspaper advertising could become personalised and interactive; for newspaper publishers, production and distribution costs could go down and updated content could be sent to the device whenever needed etc. This paper is based on a large scale research project in Flanders/Belgium, which has brought together a device manufacturer, a financial newspaper publisher, a telecoms incumbent and several technological and social science research groups from Flemish universities. To complement the technological development and an extensive field trial with near-market devices, the authors analysed how this new technology might transform the traditional publishing value chain, what the strategic options of the different actors are, and what scenarios are possible and likely to occur in the development of ePaper publishing. To do this, they make use of the theoretical framework for business model analysis. Using literature study as well as empirical data (i.e. face to face interviews with important stakeholders from the newspaper and book publishing sectors), a number of scenarios for the re-definition of roles are outlined. The authors come to the conclusion that the choice for an open versus a closed architecture, along with the technological roadmap of the device, will be crucial in establishing a valid business model for ePaper. In this paper we complement the scenario study with information on the first commercial trials and products using electronic eInk based reading devices.

Schranz, Markus W.. "Cultural Content Management at a New Level: Publishing Theater and Opera Details by Means of Open Technologies from the Web 2.0." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 447-450. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Creating Internet services for a specific auditorium involves technical, organizational and sociological challenges to developers, processes and used technologies. Authoring and distributing recent cultural news, opera schedules, notes to theater visitors or even cultural service maintenance can be handled by modern electronic publishing systems, ideally finding user-friendly solutions to the above-mentioned challenges. Although the Web has greatly improved its level of interactivity within the first ten years of existence, a significant gain in usability and value has been reached by introducing concepts summarized in the term Web 2.0. In this paper we provide an example of on-the-edge technology in managing and publishing culturall contents for Internet services, focusing on content management and workflow management features rom witin the entire software framework concept. We demonstrate, that modern Web 2.0 technologies are well suited to increase the quality of electronic publishing for both the consumers as well as the producers of the content and the service itself by providing rich user experience enhancements at different levels of the content and service management process.

Greenberg, Jane, and Thomas Severiens. "DCMI-Tools: Ontologies for Digital Application Description." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 437-444. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The growth in electronic and digital publishing on the World Wide Web has led to the development of a wide range of tools for generating metadata. As a result, it can be difficult to select the appropriate type of application and the best metadata tool to support a project's metadata needs. The Dublin Core Tools (DCMI Tools) Community recognizes this need and is developing an application profile and a taxonomy of tool functionalities for describing metadata applications. The community will use the application profile and the taxonomy to standardize access to information on metadata via the DCMI Tools and Software program. This paper reports on the DCMI Tool Community's activities to develop an application profile for describing the wide range of applications (algorithms; metadata templates, editors, and generators; and other software) fitting this rubric. The paper begins with an introduction to metadata application challenges, and introduces the DCMI Tools Community in order to provide important historical context. Next, the paper reviews the concept of application profile and emphasizes the importance of this approach for describing metadata tools. The paper reviews procedures to develop the application profile and presents the DCMI Tools application profile. The paper also presents a metadata tool functionality taxonomy (to be used with the application profile), a glossary (to assist people in learning about metadata tools), and the DCMI Tool Community's implementation plans. The final part of the paper presents several conclusions and highlights next steps.

Balatsoukas, Panos, Anne Morris, and Ann O'Brien. "Designing Metadata Surrogates for Search Result Interfaces of Learning Object Repositories: Linear versus Clustered Metadata Design." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 415-424. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This study reports the findings of a usability test conducted to examine users' interaction with two different learning object metadata-driven search result interfaces. The first was a clustered metadata surrogate interface (where metadata elements were divided into sections), and the second a linear or single metadata surrogate interface (where all metadata elements were listed in a single record). The objectives of this research were: firstly, to investigate the time needed by learners to identify a relevant learning object, using both interfaces; secondly, to examine learners' subjective satisfaction for both interfaces; and finally, to study the impact of task complexity on users' interaction with both interfaces. To facilitate the objectives of the study, twelve postgraduate students participated in a user study which employed a multi-method approach and involved observation of users' interactions, subjective satisfaction questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Data collected included the time needed for users to identify relevant learning objects in both interfaces and the rating of users' subjective satisfaction. In addition, qualitative data were collected based on interviews and the think aloud protocol. Parametric analysis (ANOVA tests) was conducted to identify statistically significant differences between the two interfaces in terms of time, user satisfaction and the impact of task complexity. The data analysis revealed that users needed less time to perform the tasks using the clustered metadata surrogate interface. This difference, however, was not significant. In addition, there was no significant impact of task complexity on user's performance. In terms of subjective satisfaction, however, the participants perceived the clustered metadata surrogate interface to be significantly more satisfying, stimulating and easy to use (F=89.690, p.

Kuchma, Iryna. "Developing National Open Access Policies: Ukrainian Case Study." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 463-464. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law mandating open access to publicly funded researches. It was widely supported by most of the Parliament members. And it is already the second parliamentary inquiry mandating the Cabinet of Ministers to take actions on creating favourable conditions for developing open access repositories in archives, libraries, museums, scientific and research institutions with open access condition to state funded researches. And for the second time the implementation of this law was interrupted by the political crises. Grass root initiatives of Ukrainian Universities and libraries as well as the political support from the principle legislative body in the country have still not resulted into a single well-functioning institutional/national repository. The poster highlights the developments that have taken place, actions for the years to come and recommendations for the countries that are in circumstances that can be compared to Ukraine.

Tian, Xuemei. "Developments in Publishing: The Potential of Digital Publishing." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 471-472. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This research aims to identify issues associated with the impact of digital technology on the publishing industry with a specific focus on aspects of the sustainability of existing business models in Australia. Based on the case studies, interviews and Australian-wide online surveys, the research presents a review of the traditional business models in book publishing for investigating their effectiveness in a digital environment. It speculates on how and what should be considered for constructing new business models in digital publishing.

Bucchioni, Cinzia, Zanetta Pistelli, and Barbara Pistoia. "Digital Archives at the University of Pisa." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 459-460. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

At the end of the '90s, the Library System Centre of the University of Pisa began to create a system of digital archives in order to enhance and promote the Institution activities regarding teaching, research and administration: 1. ETD (Electronic Thesis and Dissertations); 2. UnipiEprints.

Nisheva-Pavlova, Maria, Pavel Pavlov, Nikolay Markov, and Maya Nedeva. "Digitisation and Access to Archival Collections: A Case Study of the Sofia Municipal Government (1878-1879)." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 277-284. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The paper presents in brief a project aimed at the development of a methodology and corresponding software tools intended for building of proper environments giving up means for semantics oriented, web-based access to heterogeneous multilingual archival collections. Some widespread international encoding standards for archival description and for representation of structured electronic versions of various kinds of documents have been used. An analysis is made on the applicability of appropriate Semantic web methods and technologies in order to provide versatile, user-friendly access to archival collections based on the semantics of their contents. Some practical results concerning the digitisation of a collection of archival documents from the period of the organization of the Sofia Municipal Government (1878 - 1879) and the development of a website presenting this collection are described in the paper.

Mijajlovic, Marko, Zoran Ognjanovic, and Aleksandar Pejovic. "Digitization of Scientific Journals in Serbia." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 465-466. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

A digitization project in progress carried out by the Mathematical Institute of the Serbian Academy of Sciences, Belgrade (http://www.mi.sanu.ac.yu) and the Faculty of Mathematics, Belgrade (http://www.matf.bg.ac.yu) is de¬s¬cri¬bed. The projects aim is to build a database and an electronic presentation of digitized scientific books and jour¬nals printed in Serbia, particularly in mathematical sciences (mathematics, mechanics, astronomy, computer science and physics) and to make them searchable and available in the full-text mode on the Internet.

Apps, Ann. "Disclosing Freedom of Information Releases." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 425-434. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The Freedom of Information (FOI) Acts passed in 2000 in England and Wales and in 2002 in Scotland require organisations, including UK Higher Education Institutions (HEI), to provide requested information within certain conditions. The JISC Information Governance Gateway (JIGG) project aims to provide a single online gateway into information and resources related to HEIs' compliance with information governance legislation, including FOI. One of the project's objectives is to provide dissemination of the FOI disclosure logs by a web search within the gateway and also using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). It is hoped this will assist HEI records management practitioners in sharing their experiences of dealing with FOI requests, and lead to future collaborations within a wider community. This paper describes the development of a JIGG FOI Application Profile as a 'template' for FOI disclosure log entries, and its subsequent translation into a practical application.

Steps, Scientific Heritage i. "Dobreva, Milena; Ikonomov, Nikola." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 269-276. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The paper presents recent initiatives in creation, delivery and management of scientific heritage digital resources in Bulgaria. The local and international tendencies will be sketched. Then the work of the Department for Digitization of Scientific Heritage at the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and more specifically the joint projects with the State Department of Archives and the Central Library of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences will be described. Finally, we will present a SWOT analysis of the local situation and suggestions for urgently needed actions.

Robinson, M.. "DRIVER - Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 467-468. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The current system of academic publication developed as a means to disseminate the findings of research. However, this system can impede the very process it was set up to serve, with access to articles being limited by publishers to only those who can afford to subscribe. This poster will explain the vision behind DRIVER and will describe how the various aspects of the project tie in together to form the knowledge infrastructure of the European Research Area. The poster will focus on the key aspects of the DRIVER project and the questions and needs that each addresses. The key aspects which will be addressed include: DRIVER technical developments and advice, the DRIVER Support website, community development, up-to-date news, and the benefits for various stakeholders. DRIVER is an ambitious and important project that will yield valuable results for individual researchers, the publishing community, funding agencies and the European Research Community as a whole.

Robinson, Mary L., and Wolfram Horstmann. "DRIVER - Supporting Institutional Repositories in Europe." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 445-446. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This workshop will provide an analysis of the current state of development of institutional repositories across Europe, how this compares to initiatives in the rest of the world and will explain how the DRIVER project will promote and support the development of an integrated European repository network. The workshop will provide information on DRIVER technological developments and services and on the DRIVER test bed of repositories being used to test DRIVER software and services. The success of the DRIVER project depends, not just on the technical integration and enhancement of a European repository network, but also on the involvement and participation of all those actively involved in European research or in its publication, dissemination or access. Hence DRIVER has an active advocacy and community building programme to address and support key stakeholder groups in Europe. DRIVER draws on existing services within the DRIVER partnership such as OpenDOAR and SHERPA/RoMEO as well as developing new services such as the Mentor service. This workshop will be of value to all involved in European research and for those keen to play a role in its future development. It will be of particular interest to those involved in the development of individual repositories, those co-ordinating national repository networks and those interested in the implications of a European repository network for European research. The workshop will provide a unique opportunity to learn about the DRIVER project, to meet DRIVER representatives, share best practice and discuss the current trends in the development and future of institutional repository networks.

Please see also DRIVER workshop FAQ

Bäck, Asta, and Sari Vainikainen. "Enhancing Traditional Media Services Utilising Lessons Learnt from Successful Social Media Applications - Case Studies and Framework." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 371-380. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The paper presents a framework for describing electronic media services. The framework was created by utilising earlier models and case studies of successful social media applications. Wikipedia, YouTube and MySpace were analysed because they are among the most popular sites in the world and they highlight different aspects of social media applications. The proposed model consists of two main parts: Concept and system, and Content and user. Both of them were further divided into four subgroups. With the help of a radar view, various applications can be described and compared and their further development opportunities identified. A prototype application, StorySlotMachine, is used as a case example, where the framework is used.

Carr, Leslie A.. "EPrints 3.0: New Capabilities for Maturing Repositories." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 435-436. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

There are now a large number of repositories in the world, contributing a significant amount of content to the world's scholars and scientists. The landscape has changed since the emergence of the Open Archiving Initiative: as well as Open Access, we have seen Multimedia Scholarly Collections, Teaching, Scientific Data, Preservation, Research Management and Assessment emerging as key drivers for repository adoption and development across the world. A new version of the EPrints repository software has been developed to address the growing demands on repositories to accommodate a wider variety of digital objects and metadata, to integrate with a wider range of services and applications and to support higher deposit rates to serve the needs of the whole institution. Already described by one reviewer as “a significant milestone towards ideal repository software”, EPrints 3.0 provides new features for well-managed, high quality, high value repositories.

Warwick, Claire, Melissa Terras, Isabel Galina, Paul Huntington, and Mikoleta Pappa. "Evaluating Digital Humanities Resources: The LAIRAH Project Checklist and the Internet Shakespeare Editions Project." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 297-306. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The following paper presents a case study of the way that the research done by the LAIRAH project may be applied in the case of a real digital resource for humanities scholarship. We present an evaluation of the Internet Shakespeare Editions website according to the checklist of recommendations which we produced as a result of our research. The LAIRAH (Log analysis of Internet Resources in the Arts and Humanities) project based at UCL's School of Library Archive and Information Studies, was a fifteen month study to discover what influences the long-term sustainability and use of digital resources in the humanities through the analysis and evaluation of real-time use. Our research objectives were to determine the scale of use and neglect of digital resources in the humanities, and to determine whether resources that are used share any common characteristics. We also aimed to highlight areas of good practice, as well as aspects of project design that might be improved to aid greater use and sustainability. A further aim was to determine whether digital resources that were neglected. In our study we concluded that well-used projects share common features that predispose them to success. The effect of institutional and disciplinary culture in the construction of digital humanities projects was significant. We found that critical mass was vital, as was prestige within a university or the acceptance of digital methods in a subject. The importance of good project staff and the availability of technical support also proved vital. If a project as to be well-used it was also essential that information about it should be disseminated as widely as possible. Even amongst well-used projects, however we found areas that might be improved, these included organised user testing, the provision of and easy access to documentation and the lack of updating and maintenance of many resources. The paper discusses our recommendations, which were presented as a check-list under four headings: content, users, maintenance and dissemination. We show why our findings led us to make such recommendations, and discuss their application to the ISE case study.

Martin, Bill, Hepu Deng, and Xuemei Tian. "Expectation and Reality in Digital Publishing: Some Australian Perspectives." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 199-208. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper presents a brief summary of the findings of a Web-based survey of the views of Australian publishers, on the potential impact of digital technologies, followed by three case studies conducted between January and April 2007. The survey results indicate that the most influential technologies currently in use in publishing are the Internet and the World Wide Web, with little or any interest being shown in for example, semantic technologies. There is however, widespread realization of the importance of providing enhanced customer value through digital content and delivery channels, with consequent implications for changes to value chains and the emergence of new and transitional business models, which however, are likely to complement rather than replace existing business models. The case studies drawn from a set of eight selected to include a range of value propositions and business models suggest that in Australia publishers are optimistic about the prospects of digitisation but are nonetheless cautious in its uptake and application.

Chan, Leslie, Frances Groen, and Jean-Claude Guédon. "Feasibility of Open Access Publishing for Journals Funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 307-320. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper reports on the results of a feasibility study on open access publishing for humanities and social sciences journals supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada's (SSHRC) Aid to Scholarly and Transfer Journals Program. The study is part of a broader effort of the SSHRC to better understand the landscape of Open Access and how best to implement this principle into the current research programs funded by SSHRC. As such, the study was designed to assist SSHRC in making policy and program decisions regarding its Aid to Scholarly Journals Program. In particular, this study focused on the current publishing practices of SSHRC funded journals, with the ultimate goal of understanding the financial implications for these journals if they were to provide open access to the journal content. The more immediate goal of the study was to gain better knowledge of the general level of understanding among journal publishers and editors on the impact of open access and on their scholarly societies' publishing program.

Rauch, Carl, Harald Krottmaier, and Klaus Tochtermann. "File-Formats for Preservation: Evaluating the Long-Term Stability of File-Formats." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 101-106. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

While some file-formats become unreadable after short periods, others remain interpretable over a long-term. Among the over 1.000 file-formats, some are better and some are less suited for long-term preservation. A standardized process for evaluating the stability of a file-format is described in this paper and its practical use is shown with file-formats for 3D-objects. Recommendations to users of 3D-applications are given in the last section of this article. Some of the results are used in PROBADO, a sophisticated search engine for non-traditional objects (such as 3D-documents, music etc.).

Hagemann, Melissa R.. "Five Years on - The Impact of the Budapest Open Access Initiative." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 153-160. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Open Access was first defined by the Budapest Open Access Initiative following a meeting organized by the Open Society Institute/Soros foundations. The subsequent Open Access movement has had a large impact on the scholarly communications system. This is seen in the growing number of Open Access journals and institutional and subject-based repositories which have developed over the past five years. The reaction of publishers to the movement has been mixed with individual publishers (both commercial and non-profit) experimenting with the model while large publishers' associations have generally shown resistance. However, the movement continues to gain strength as research funding agencies adopt Open Access mandates to the research they support.

Roos, Annikki, and Turid Hedlund. "Importance of Access to Biomedical Information for Researchers in Molecular Medicine." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 25-32. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

In this paper, we analyze and describe the information environment of biomedicine from the point of view of the researchers in molecular medicine, which is a sub branch of biomedicine. We shall describe the nature of the discipline and its reflections to the information environment. A survey concerning the most important information resources in one molecular medicine research unit was conducted, and in this paper the main results of the survey is reported. The role of scholarly journals in the research process will also be analyzed. Special attention will be given to the possibilities of open access to the research process.

Eriksson, Carina Ihlström, and Maria Å. kesson. "Introducing the e-newspaper - Audience Preferences and Demands." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 65-74. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper adds to the overall understanding of new media adoption in general and the promotion of the e-newspaper in particular by empirically studying the preferences and demands of the potential users. The e-newspaper is a newspaper published on e-paper technology. The findings in this paper is based on the results from two studies, i.e. an online questionnaire with 3626 respondents and an evaluation in real life settings with 10 families over a two week period. Our initial hypothesis was that: users confronted with a vision of new technology and services are more positive to adopt than users with actual use experience of technology and services in an early stage of development with inherent technology problems. The research question of the paper is: How does use experience influence perceptions of preferences and demands for the e-newspaper? The findings showed that the hypothesis proved to be false, the test persons that have an actual use experience of the e-newspaper, despite the shortcomings in the device and service, were more positive to adopt than the respondents that have experienced concept movies and prototypes with more advanced functionality and interface.

Nahotko, Marek. "Libraries as Publishers of Open Access Digital Documents: Polish Experiences." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 209-220. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This article presents the experience of Polish libraries in the field of electronic publishing. There have been described some solutions applied for creating digital libraries and institutional repositories. Nowadays, Polish libraries seem to be passing from the stage of digitalization of their own collections (usually of historic value) to publishing new digital-born documents in their own institutional or multi-institutional repositories. This activity should be (and is) developed in co-operation with university press companies.

G. Banou, Christina, and Petros A. Kostagiolas. "Managing Expectations for Open Access in Greece: Perceptions from the Publishers and Academic Libraries." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 229-238. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

In Greece, there seems to be a growing level of awareness regarding open access among scholars, faculty staff and information professionals. Indeed, consensus regarding the necessity of open access initiatives in Greece is gradually established. The present of open access in other European settings may however be revealing the expected, though distinct, future of open access in Greece. This work focuses upon some current aspects for open access and attempts to investigate them for the Greek setting. The investigation includes five (5) important aspects of open access, i.e. a) ETDs management from the academic libraries, b) university repositories development, c) regulation of digital and/or printed scientific material quality requirements, d) cooperation and competition between libraries and academic publishers, e) understanding the role of scientific work dissemination in developing future professionals and scholars. The paper initially provides an outline for the Greek publishing industry, focusing on STM publishers and on the way they take advantage of the changes mainly in editorial and marketing terms, in a hybrid technological era. The Greek publishing industry may be representative of other national small publishing markets. Further, an empirical research is providing in order to illuminate open access from two different points of view: that of STM publishers and that of academic libraries' directors in Greece. The empirical investigation took place in February and March of 2007 and is based on seventeen experts' perceptions. The methods employed are outlined and include the development of the questionnaire for semi-structured interviews. Finally, the unexpected agreement from both publishers and academic libraries' directors regarding open access development is discussed and some specific for Greece conclusions are drawn.

Crombie, David, George Ioannidis, and Neil McKenzie. "Multimedia Modular Training Packages by EUAIN." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 91-100. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The European Accessible Information Network (EUAIN) was established to support the move to incorporate accessibility within mainstream content processing environments. EUAIN has brought together a considerable base of knowledge that has now been structured into a series of training modules and curricula which are intended to meet the real needs at this point in time.In this paper we outline how the EUAIN training and learning framework is primarily intended to provide support for everyone who is directly involved in digital content creation and document distribution channels. This target audience requires general courses and training materials as well as domain-specific materials. These general training materials include information about digital document standards and formats, accessibility guidelines and different kinds of publishers and distribution channels. Also important is knowledge about accessibility and alternative forms of presentation that fulfil special requirements for print impaired people. The curricula are illustrated by good practices of accessible content publishing and good examples of accessible digital documents. The specific training materials are addressed to different branches of publishing (books, newspapers, magazines, etc) and content creators (multimedia content designers, web designers, authors of e- learning content). A significant part of the materials are curricula that demonstrate tools and techniques for accessible content processing. Additionally, the training materials are in modular form to allow them to be adopted within courses and programs to meet the requirements of particular groups. These modular materials are also extensible and scalable, and it is our intention that many new curricula will be developed using this ever-growing resource base. Indeed, the newly-established PRO-ACCESS project is disseminating this information across the publishing industries.

Hynek, Jiri, and Premek Brada. "On the Evolution of Computer Terminology and the SPOT On-Line Dictionary Project." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 257-268. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

In this paper we discuss the issue of ICT terminology and translations of specific technical terms. We also present SPOT - a new on-line dictionary of computer terminology. SPOT's web platform is adaptable to any language and/or field. We hope that SPOT will become an open platform for discussing controversial computer terms (and their translations into Czech) among professionals. The resulting on-line computer dictionary is freely available to the general public, university teachers, students, editors and professional translators. The dictionary includes some novel features, such as presenting translated terms used in several different contexts - a feature highly appreciated namely by users lacking technical knowledge for deciding which of the dictionary terms being offered should be used.

Paepen, Bert. "Ontologies At Work: Publishing Multilingual Recreational Routes Using Ontologies." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 451-454. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Even though there is nothing new about the idea, ontologies are a hot topic. Built for many reasons and appliances, the use of ontologies in real-life applications remains limited. The WalkOnWeb project has developed ontologies in the area of recreational routing and applied them in a real application. This demonstration will show these applications and explain how they use ontologies. With the “Walk Planner” hikers can plan their trip by looking for trails, creating new routes and getting detailed information in print, web or mobile format. Authors can create and describe routes using the “Authoring Tool”. By creating ontologies and using them in these applications the WalkOnWeb project has developed a system to publish electronic routes in a flexible and personalized way.

Noruzi, Alireza. "Open Access Journals: A Pathway to Scientific Information in Iran." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 341-348. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

This paper reviews the movement of open access (OA) journals in Iran, investigates and compares the influence of Iranian journals in terms of citation ranking, using the Citation Indexes of Thomson-ISI. There has been growth in the number of open access journals in Iran. The advantages of open access for Iranian researchers are: (i) provides access to other research done in their research fields; (ii) speeds up scholarly communication and scientific dialog between researchers; (iii) provides greater visibility and possibly greater impact, although only if open access to the full text is provided. Authors' experiences and motivations have a vital and key role to play in open access. This study indicates that for linguistic reasons, Iranian (Persian-language) journals may not receive and attract the attention that they deserve from the international scientific community. Since there has been little or no discussion in the literature on the impact that the increasing use of OA journals has on scientific production and academic institutions in developing countries, this case study of Iranian experience should be useful for developing countries.

Mele, Salvatore. "Open Access Publishing in High-Energy Physics." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 15-24. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The goal of Open Access (OA) is to grant anyone, anywhere and anytime free access to the results of scientific research. The High-Energy Physics (HEP) community has pioneered OA with its “pre-print culture”: the mass mailing, first, and the online posting, later, of preliminary versions of its articles. After almost half a century of widespread dissemination of pre-prints, the time is ripe for the HEP community to explore OA publishing. Among other possible models, a sponsoring consortium appears as the most viable option for a transition of HEP peer-reviewed literature to OA. A Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP3) is proposed as a central body which would remunerate publishers for the peer-review service, effectively replacing the “reader-pays” model of traditional subscriptions with an “author-side” funding. Funding to SCOAP3 would come from HEP funding agencies and library consortia through a re-direction of subscriptions. This model is discussed in details together with a quantitative description of the HEP publishing landscape leading to a practical proposal for a seamless transition of HEP peer-reviewed literature to OA publishing.

Kelly, Brian, Scott Wilson, and Randy Metcalfe. "Openness in Higher Education: Open Source, Open Standards, Open Access." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 161-174. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

For national advisory services in the UK (UKOLN, CETIS, and OSS Watch), varieties of openness (open source software, open standards, and open access to research publications and data) present an interesting challenge. Higher education is often keen to embrace openness, including new tools such as blogs and wikis for students and staff. For advisory services, the goal is to achieve the best solution for any individual institution's needs, balancing its enthusiasm with its own internal constraints and long term commitments. For example, open standards are a genuine good, but they may fail to gain market acceptance. Rushing headlong to standardize on open standards may not be the best approach. Instead a healthy dose of pragmatism is required. Similarly, open source software is an excellent choice when it best meets the needs of an institution, but not perhaps without reference to those needs. Providing open access to data owned by museums sounds like the right thing to do, but progress towards open access needs to also consider the sustainability plan for the service. Regrettably institutional policies and practices may not be in step with the possibilities that present themselves. Often a period of reflection on the implications of such activity is what is needed. Advisory services can help to provide this reflective moment. UKOLN, for example, has developed of a Quality Assurance (QA) model for making use of open standards. Originally developed to support the Joint Information Systems Committee's (JISC) digital library development programmes, it has subsequently been extended across other programmes areas. Another example is provided by OSS Watch's contribution to the development of JISC's own policy on open source software for its projects and services. The JISC policy does not mandate the use of open source, but instead guides development projects through a series of steps dealing with IPR issues, code management, and community development, which serve to enhance any JISC-funded project that takes up an open source development methodology. CETIS has provided a range of services to support community awareness and capability to make effective decisions about open standards in e-learning, and has informed the JISC policy and practices in relation to open standards in e-learning development. Again, rather than a mandate, the policy requires development projects to become involved in a community of practice relevant to their domain where there is a contextualised understanding of open standards.

De Boever, Jorn. "Peer-to-Peer Networks as a Distribution and Publishing Model." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 175-188. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Content publishing and distribution often occurs in a costly and inefficient manner via client/server networks. Client/server models exhibit negative network externalities in that each additional user causes additional costs by increasingly congesting the system through the consumption of scarce resources. In an era of increasing demand for and size of content, the traditional client/server model produces evidence of its restrictions in terms of cost efficiency and scalability. Content providers - such as publishers, the media industry and users - are exploring new distribution or publishing models that might address the flaws of client/server models. An increasing amount of user generated content, open access and open content initiatives offer content for free, in spite of the fact that the distribution and storing of this content is not free of charge. This reasoning explains the importance of examining innovative distribution models that possibly provide answers to the shortcomings of client/server systems. In some cases, peer-to-peer systems might provide solutions for the flaws of client/server models in that they are characterized by cost efficiency and scalability. The facts that users spend more time online, have an increasing amount of resources (e.g. bandwidth, CPU cycles, content, and storage capacity) at their disposal, store and consume more content and bandwidth, is the basis of the viability of peer-to-peer systems. Peer-to-peer is still associated with illegal copyright infringing activities, although there are several companies exploring new ways for legal and secure content distribution through peer-to-peer networks. In this paper, we try to offer a broad analysis of the opportunities and challenges of several peer-to-peer applications and architectures. We further elaborate criteria in order to understand when the implementation of a peer-to-peer system might be appropriate. These criteria go further than merely technical criteria in that they include social criteria as well, which are as important as the technical ones. If peer-to-peer systems turn out to be a success for content publishing, it may lead to new business models that change the way content is distributed.

Marcondes, Carlos Henrique, Marília Alvarenga Mendonça, Luciana Reis Malheiros, Leonardo Cruz da Costa, Tatiana Christina Santos, and Luciana Guimarães Pereira. "Representing and Coding the Knowledge Embedded in Texts of Health Science Web Published Articles." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 33-42. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Despite the fact that electronic publishing is a common activity to scholars, electronic journals are still based in the print model and do not take full advantage of the facilities offered by the Semantic Web environment. This is a report of the results of a research project with the aim of investigating the possibilities of electronic publishing of journal articles both as text for human reading and in machine readable format recording the new knowledge contained in the article. This knowledge is identified with the scientific methodology elements such as problem, methodology, hypothesis, results, and conclusions. A model integrating all those elements is proposed which makes explicit and records the knowledge embedded in the text of scientific articles as an ontology. Knowledge thus represented enables its processing by intelligent software agents The proposed model aims to take advantage of these facilities enabling semantic retrieval and validation of the knowledge contained in articles. To validate and enhance the model a set of electronic journal articles were analyzed.

Kroó, Norbert. "Scientific Publishing in the Digital Era." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 13-14. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007. The new information technology developments change drastically our life. The same applies to scientific research in general and the publication of findings in particular. It offers the chance for faster dissemination of results and broader access to date. The interests of scientists, financing organizations and libraries on one hand and publishers on the other do not overlap completely. Maximizing the speed of dissemination, broad access and securing quality and long time preservation are fields of overlapping interests. Mandatory deposit in open access repositories and pricing are still debated. The lecture discusses the above issues based partly on the basis of the author’s motivation to maximize the benefits of public (and so EC) funded research in Europe, influenced by his experience both in European scientific organizations and advisory bodies of the EC.
Muñoz, Graciela, Atilio Bustos-González, and Alejandra Muñoz-Cornejo. "Sharing the Know-how of a Latin American Open Access only e-journal: The Case of the Electronic Journal of Biotechnology." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 331-340. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Scientific communication is essential for the advancement of science and in generating benefits for the general society. Also it is fundamental in strengthening the knowledge society with a positive effect on innovation and economic growth. The Open Access journals have demonstrated to be important in providing a reliable and a more accessible mean in communicating science. An example as such, is that they are evaluated by the ISI Thomson Scientific -recognized as an authority for evaluating journals- following the same rigorous selection process as journals in print media. The measurement of the impact factors in the electronic publications demonstrates that these receive a smaller citation level than print journals, ranking in general in the lower half of journals in their subject category. Moreover, the low usage of the electronic media demonstrates a lack of confidence of authors in this new mean of communication. In this sense, editors have to provide answers to some unsolved issues regarding e-publications in order to make these journals more reliable and confident to the scholarly community. The journals edited in Latin America with international visibility represent 0.63% of the total number of publications covered by the ISI Web of Science. In the year 2005, there were 44 Latin American journals covered by the Science Citation Index, of which 89% of these are considered Open Access publications. In that same year, these publications reached an impact factor average of 0.447 in comparison with the impact factor average of 1.588 for all the journals of Open Access at world-wide level. The Electronic Journal of Biotechnology is the only Open Access Latin American journal edited exclusively in the electronic format which is covered by the ISI Science Citation Index. The experience of this journal shows that with commitment to international diversity, quality, academic rigor of the peer review process, transparency, responsibility to scientists, innovation and international cooperation, a high level of visibility and accessibility can be obtained, as demonstrated by an average of more than 83,000 readers during year 2006 and an impact factor of 0.725, which is over the mean value of Latin American journals, offering an unique opportunity to fulfill the ever increasing public demand for science information.

Jeffery, Keith G.. "Technical Infrastructure and Policy Framework for Maximising the Benefits from Research Output ." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007. Electronic publishing is one part of a much larger process. There is a research lifecycle from creation of a programme for funded research through research proposals, projects, outputs (including publications), exploitation (both for further scholarly work and for commercial or quality of life benefits) and creation of the next programme. Throughout this lifecycle information is the lifeblood; publications are used and created at all stages.The vision proposed brings together electronic research publications with associated datasets and software all contextualised by a CRIS (Current Research Information System) which provides information on projects, persons, organisational units, outputs (products, patents, publications), events, facilities, equipment and much more. Via the CRIS, research output can be linked to financial, project management and human resource data: indeed finally the cost of production of a publication can be compared against its benefit. Realising the vision requires advanced IT architectures including GRIDs and ambient computing.Against this vision current debates about subscription-based publishing and gold author-pays open access publishing, about grey literature and green open access self-archiving can be regarded with clarity and objectivity. The way ahead is clear: funders of research should mandate green self-archiving for the benefit of research and of the twin beneficial consequences: wealth creation and improvement in the quality of life. These benefits far outweigh any short-term benefits from the publishing industry in profits or tax-take. There is still plenty of market opportunity for publishers and their doomsday predictions are unsustainable. *** Note: Dowload the powerpoint presentation and listen to the speech: http://info.tuwien.ac.at/elpub2007/sound/keith_jeffery.mp3 ***
Barnes, Ian. "The Digital Scholar's Workbench." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 285-296. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

In this paper I present the reasoning behind the development of a new end-to-end publishing system for academic writers. The story starts with investigating digital preservation of word processing documents. What file formats are suitable for long-term preservation of text? I believe that the answer is a high-quality structured XML format like DocBook XML or TEI. The next question is how do we get word processing documents into that format without incurring a prohibitive cost? Conversion is possible, but it requires human intervention at some point. It would be far too expensive to have archivists editing every document by hand on ingest, so how can we get authors to do the necessary work, particularly as most academics aren't at all interested in digital preservation of their work? The answer I propose is to offer them more than just an archiving solution. Instead of just getting preservation, they get a full end-to-end digital publishing solution, the digital scholar's workbench, tailored to their needs for document interoperability, collaboration and publication in multiple formats… oh, and they get preservation too.

Nicolai, Claudia, Imma Subirats, and Stephen Katz. "The FAO Open Archive: Enhancing the Access to FAO Publications Using International Standards and Exchange Protocols." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 141-152. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Since 1998, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has been publishing its electronic publications in the FAO Corporate Document Repository (CDR). The electronic publishing workflow is maintained by the Electronic Information Management System (EIMS). The EIMS-CDR holds more than 38 500 documents and is the gateway to FAO's publications. The EIMS-CDR coexists with the FAODOC - the online catalogue for documents produced by FAO. FAODOC catalogues and indexes both electronic and printed documents while the EIMS-CDR manages full text documents and a minimal set of metadata. This paper discusses the merger of the EIMS-CDR and the FAODOC into a unique FAO Open Archive based on the integration of the electronic publishing and the bibliographic cataloguing requirements. The FAO Open Archive will be the foundation for the collection, management, maintenance and timely dissemination of material published by FAO. To improve the effectiveness of the proposed repository, it is necessary to streamline the current electronic publishing workflow. The merger of the EIMS-CDR and the FAODOC will strengthen FAO's role as a knowledge dissemination organization. Especially, as one of the principal tasks of the FAO is to efficiently collect and disseminate information regarding food, nutrition, agriculture, fisheries and forestry.

Jezek, Karel, and Jiri Hynek. "The Fight against Spam - A Machine Learning Approach." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 381-392. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The paper presents a brief survey of the fight between spammers and antispam software developers, and also describes new approaches to spam filtering. In the first two sections we present a survey of the currently existing spam types. Some well-mapped spammer tricks are also described, although the imagination of spam distributors is endless, and therefore only the most common tricks are covered. We present some up-to-date spam blocking techniques currently integrated into today's spam filters. In the Methodology and Results sections we describe our implementation of Itemsets-based, Naïve Bayes and LSI classifiers for classifying email messages into spam and non-spam (ham) categories.

Sweezie, Jen, Nadia Caidi, and Leslie Chan. "The Inclusion of Open Access Journals in Academic Libraries: A Case Study of Bioline International." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 469-470. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Specialized open access digital collections contain a wealth of valuable resources. However, major academic and research libraries do not always provide access to them, and thus do not benefit from these unique resources. This case study of one such digital collection, Bioline International, surveys 76 academic libraries in Canada and the United States to determine how often libraries are linking to the collection. A follow-up questionnaire was sent to librarians at the surveyed institutions to determine their opinions about the use of open access journals. The findings suggest issues of poor adoption rates of open access journals, as well as some reasons why such journals may not be actively adopted.

Engelen, Jan, and Christophe Strobbe. "The Open Document Format and its Impact on Accessibility for Persons with a Reading Impairment." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 85-90. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

It has become very common in the current information society to talk about “open” and to use this term as a quality mark. Open standards, open source software, open archives, open formats etcetera are all very much promoted. In this contribution, we would like to focus on the file structure of documents such as texts, spreadsheets and presentations, and more specifically on the Open Document Format. ODF is becoming increasingly popular for many reasons, but it also is the first document format for use in office suites that has unique features built in (as of version ODF 1.1) for persons with a reading impairment such as low vision, blindness or dyslexia.

Buonazia, Irene, Emilia M. Masci, and Davide Merlitti. "The Project of the Italian Culture Portal and its Development. A Case Study: Designing a Dublin Core Application Profile for Interoperability and Open Distribution of Cultural Contents." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 393-404. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

In September 2004 the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities (MiBAC) committed to Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa (SNS) the scientific and technical project for the Italian Culture Portal. The project was delivered during 2005, together with a prototype which had the function to verify and test the project's issues and has been provided as reference for the implementation. In 2006 MiBAC selected, through a public competition, the IT company Reply for developing the Portal and Electa Napoli for providing the editorial office and plan. The Portal is now under development and will be delivered during 2007. SNS is presently working as consultant of MiBAC to give support to the whole staff employed in the fulfilment of the Portal and to help in the difficult activity of the mapping of various resources to be harvested and published in the Portal. This paper illustrates the project of the Italian Culture Portal delivered by SNS, describing in particular the solutions adopted for guaranteeing the interoperability, accessibility and usability tasks. One of the main objectives of the Portal is to offer open access to information on the “Italian Culture”, which is a wide, evolving concept comprehensive of tangible and un-tangible cultural patrimony. Resources pertaining to this vast and complex domain are therefore of very different kinds and formats, moreover, they are codified following different schemas. For guaranteeing the interoperability among such cultural resources, a Dublin Core Application Profile has been specifically designed for the Portal. An official publication of this AP is currently under development: it has been recently refined and improved on the basis of the first mapping experiences and is anticipated in this contribute in this updated form.

Alroe, Bo. "The PURE Institutional Repository: Ingestion, Storage, Preservation, Exhibition and Reporting." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 455-456. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Jointly developed over 5 years by Atira A/S and a number of university libraries, the commercial repository system PURE is a tool in the research administration and dissemination effort at 11 Danish and Swedish universities. Also the hospital sector, the pharmaceutical industry and other research institutions use PURE.

Tonta, Yasar, Ünal Yurdagül, and Umut Al. "The Research Impact of Open Access Journal Articles." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 321-330. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

The availability of scientific and intellectual works freely through scientists' personal web sites, digital university archives or through the electronic print (eprint) archives of major scientific institutions has radically changed the process of scientific communication within the last decade. The “Open Access” (OA) initiative is having a tremendous impact upon the scientific communication process, which is largely based on publishing in scientific periodicals. This exploratory paper investigates the research impact of OA articles across the subject disciplines. The research impact of OA articles as measured by the number of citations varies from discipline to discipline. OA articles in Biology and Economics had the highest research impact. OA articles in hard, urban, and convergent fields such as Physics, Mathematics, and Chemical Engineering did not necessarily get cited most often.

Bürger, Tobias, and Georg Güntner. "Towards a Semantic Turn in Rich-Media Analysis." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 239-248. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Typical application scenarios in the area of rich-media management, such as the continuous digitisation of the media production processes, the search and retrieval tasks in a growing amount of information stored in professional and semi-professional audio-visual archives, as well as the availability of easy-to-use hard- and software tools for the production of rich-media material in the consumer area, lead to an increasing demand for a meaning-based management of digital audio-visual assets. This “semantic turn” in rich-media analysis requires a semantic enrichment of content along the digital content life cycle and value chain: The semantic enrichment of content can be achieved manually (which is expensive) or automatically (which is error-prone). In particular, automatic semantic enrichment must be aware of the gap between meaning that is directly retrievable from the content and meaning that can be inferred within a given interpretative context. Each solution has its benefits and drawbacks. Our paper discusses the relevance of semantic analysis of rich-media in certain application scenarios, compares two possible approaches, a semi-automatic and an automatic approach, and presents a case study for an automatic solution. Following the observations of the case study, we come up with recommendations for the improvement of the semantic enrichment by an manual annotation step.

Costa, Sely M. S., and Claudio Gottschalg-Duque. "Towards an Ontology of ElPub/SciX: A Proposal." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 249-256. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

A proposal is presented for a standard ontology language defined as ElPub/SciX Ontology, based on the content of a web digital library of conference proceedings. This content, i.e., ElPub/SciX documents, aims to provide access to papers presented at the total editions of the International Conference in Electronic Publishing (ElPub). After completing its 10th years in 2006, ElPub/SciX is now a comprehensive repository with over 400 papers. Previous work has been used as a basis to build up the ontology described here. It has been presented at Elpub2004 and it dealt with an Information Retrieval System using Computational Linguistics (SiRILiCo). ElPub/SciX ontology constitutes a lightweight ontology (classes and just some instances) and is the result of two basic procedures. The first one is a syntactic analysis carried out through the Syntactic Parser-VISL. This free tool, based on lingsoft's ENGCG parser, is made available through the Visual Interactive Syntactic Learning, a research and development project at the University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Language and Communication (ISK). The second one, carried out after that, is a semantic analysis (concept extraction) conducted through GeraOnto, an acronym that stands for “generating an ontology”, which extracts the concepts needed in order to build up the ontology. The program has been developed by Gottschalg-Duque, in 2005, in Brazil. The ensuing ontology is then edited via Protégé, a free, open source ontology editor. The motivation to carry out the work reported here came from problems faced during the preparation of a paper to Elpub2006, which aimed to present data about a number of aspects regarding the ElPub/SciX collection. While searching the collection, problems with the lack of standardization of authors and institutions names and the non-existence of any control of keywords had been identified. Such problems seem to be related to an apparent absence of “paper preparation” before entering into the SciX database. Lack of preparation, in turn, has brought about the desire of finding a solution, which is expected to support the work of those interested in searching the collection to retrieve information. ElPub/SciX ontology, therefore, is seen as that helping solution to support ElPub information retrieval.

Li, Ruoxi, Fytton Rowland, Zichuan Xiong, and Junping Zhao. "Use of Open Access Electronic Journals by Chinese Scholars, and an Initiative to Facilitate Access to Chinese Journals." In Openness in Digital Publishing: Awareness, Discovery and Access - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 221-228. ELPUB. Vienna, Austria, 2007.

Surveys were carried out with two groups of Chinese scholars - one group working in China, and a second group working in the UK. The objective was to investigate usage of Chinese-language scholarly journals and the potential for them to use an Open Access business model. The results were compared with those published by the CIBER group at university College London, whose sample of scholars was international in scope. The overseas Chinese group made very little use of journals published in China, and one of the reasons for this was the difficulty of accessing the electronic versions of these journals from the West. We therefore proposed the construction of an English-language website to provide access in the first instance to the full texts of journals published by the members of the Society of China University Journals in the Natural Sciences (SCUJNS), and we created a pilot version of this website.