Keywords Abstract
Maly, Kurt, Harris Wu, and Muhammad Zubair. "A collaborative faceted categorization system - user interactions." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 69-78. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

We are building a system that improves browsing and searching access to a large, growing collection by supporting users to build a faceted (multi-perspective) classification schema collaboratively. The system is targeted in particular to collections of photographs and images that, in general, have few textual metadata. Our system allows users to build and maintain a faceted classification schema collaboratively and have the system help to classify documents into the evolving facet schema automatically. This paper focuses on the evolution of faceted classification schema for a large growing collection.

Sagbas, Engin, and York Sure. "An Adaptable Domain-Specific Dissemination Infrastructure for Enhancing the Visibility of Complementary and Thematically Related Research Information." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 339-350. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

We introduce an adaptable domain-specific infrastructure for dissemination of heterogeneous outcomes (e.g. publications) from thematic complementary and related projects. Our aim is to enhance the visibility of thematically related research information and to face obstacles from both sides: needs from information users and information providers. Users are confronted with finding sources for relevant information, handling with heterogeneous information display, varying information granularity on different sources, extracting and compiling the informations found whereas information providers have costs for implementing and maintaining such an infrastructure from scratch, limit or omit coupling with different related sources and offer information partly in an interconnected manner. The contributions of this paper include a model closely related to the CERIF standard and a technical infrastructure ready to reuse to set up a research information system for a new research topic. We created a reference portal on the topic “Governance in the EU”.

Lugmayr, Martin, Johann Schrammel, Cornelia Gerdenitsch, and Manfred Tscheligi. "An effective and automated publishing process to improve user interface style guides." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 304-314. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Style guides have become an important and common way to improve and standardise development of user interfaces. However, there are several well-known problems on using style guides. Having these problems in mind we present an effective and automated publishing process. First we will introduce a role based approach to model style guides. After that we will focus on the steps of the publishing process and describe them in detail with their outputs. By that we want to focus on the practical and theoretical advantages of our methodology and their limitations.Summarized this paper will describe in detail, how mentioned techniques and components work together and how we built up a useful publishing process for adaptable and usable style guides

Al, Umut, Irem Soydal, and Yasar Tonta. "Analysis of E-book Use: The Case of ebrary." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 315-329. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The interest in the use of electronic media in scholarly communication is growing. Nowadays, libraries reserve much larger budgets for electronic information sources as users tend to get access to the full-texts of journal articles and books online. The effective management of library collections is only possible through studies identifying user needs as well as studies of usage analysis showing how much of what is being used in these collections. Although e-books are a significant part of library collections, studies on e-book use are scarce. In this paper, we have analyzed about half a million use data of ebrary e-book database by the users of Hacettepe University Libraries within a four-year period (2006-2009). We obtained COUNTER-compliant use data identifying, among other things, book title, publisher, and publication year for each transaction to analyze the use. We identified the most frequently used e-book titles by Hacettepe University ebrary users in each Library of Congress (LC) subject class. E-books on Medicine (R) were used most often, followed by books on Education (L) and Language and literature (P). A small number of e-books in each subject class satisfied half the demand, while an overwhelming majority of e-book titles were never used. Findings of this study can be used to develop an e-book collection management policy and understand its implications for consortial licensing of e-book packages.

Dubini, Paola, Paola Galimberti, and Maria Rita Micheli. "Authors publication strategies in scholarly publishing." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 119-141. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In this exploratory study, we analyze publishing patterns of authors from different disciplines, as part of a broader analysis of the transformation of the scholarly publishing industry. Although a growing body of literature analyses the author’s role within the process of research production, validation, certification and dissemination, there is little systematic empirical research on publishing patterns; little therefore can be said on relevant issues within the current debate on the future of scholarly publishing such as authors’ responses to (or even awareness of) the growing array of publication possibilities or the speed of adaptation to the increasing series of incentives by funding agencies or academic institutions. On the basis of the analysis of three years of publications gathered in the institutional repository of Università degli Studi di Milano, we highlight trends of publication strategies and different responses to incentive systems. Preliminary results indicate that publication outcomes and intensity differ across disciplines, while similarities occur mainly in terms of choice of preferred outcomes by seniority. Open access is still uncommon among the authors in our sample and it is more utilized by relatively senior authors and active authors.

Guimieiro, Katiúcia, and Sely Costa. "BUSINESS MODELS FOR ELECTRONIC OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS AND DISCIPLINARY DIFFERENCES: A PROPOSAL." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Reports results of a research that aimed at studying the use of business models in the context of open access electronic scholarly journals publishing. Additionally, the work approaches disciplinary differences, particularly in terms of three issues, namely required publication speed, funding and features that involve the edition of a scholarly journal. In this context, the study aimed at proposing a model that allows identifying required elements to design business models appropriated to open access scholarly journals publishing. Along with identifying the elements, the study looked at the relationships between these elements and differences found between knowledge fields. Based on a bibliographic survey, the research adopted a qualitative approach that consisted of analysing the content of the literature reviewed. As a result, a business model for the activity of open access electronic journal publishing has been proposed. Based on Stähler’s approach, the model entails a set of four components, namely value proposition, products and/or services, value architeture and source of resources. Derived from this basic model, three other models are presented, each one representing particularities of the three major divisions of knowledge, Sciences, Social & Human Sciences and Arts & Humanities. As conclusion, features of business models for Sciences are considerably different from the other two divisions. On the other hand, there are important similarities between business models for the Social & Human Sciences and for Arts & Humanities.

Birrell, Duncan, Milena Dobreva, Ünal Yurdagül, and Pierluigi Feliciati. "Constituencies of Use: Representative Usage Scenarios in International Digital Library User Studies, a Case Study on Europeana." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 245-257. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Digital libraries are still being developed independently of the extensive involvement of end users, those who form their constituencies of use. The traditional approach to digital library development is to consult with experts or communities of practice in a particular field and attempt to incorporate recommendations into the interface functionality and service models, whilst user needs are often not comprehensively scoped in advance, at the development stage, or regularly consulted for the purposes of formative and summative evaluation. Recent developments in digital library design concentrate effort on the use of innovative search and browse tools, streamlined techniques for navigation and display, and the provision of personalised areas for search management and information sharing; such developments, however, remain unaligned to any thorough understanding of exactly how user behaviour alters depending on scenario of use, and the problems encountered by end users in task completion within different contexts. This paper reports on the deployment of usage scenarios to evaluate the Europeana digital library v1.0 prototype.

Houghton, John W.. "Costs and benefits of alternative scholarly publishing models: Lessons and developments." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 385-403. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The JISC study Economic implications of alternative scholarly publishing models: Exploring the costs and benefits, released early in 2009, focused on three alternative models for scholarly publishing: subscription or toll access publishing, open access publishing using the author-pays model, and self-archiving. The research approach involved a combination of process mapping, activity costing and macro-economic modelling. Since its release, there have been six follow-on studies applying elements of the same basic methodology. This paper describes the research approach and explores some of the major issues arising and lessons learned from this ongoing research. Drawing on experience from a number of studies and countries, it attempts to distil and summarise the key research issues and policy messages arising.

Gathegi, John N.. "DIGITAL CONTENT CONVERGENCE: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND THE PROBLEMS OF PRESERVATION, A US PERSPECTIVE." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 330-338. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

One of the issues that this conference explores is the continuing phenomenon of convergence of communication, caused in part by the convergence of media and digital content. In this paper, we will review some of the intellectual property challenges that loom in this environment, with an emphasis on the situation in the Unites States. We shall discuss some of the peculiar features inherent in digital content that exacerbate the intellectual property problem, such as non-permanence, multiple, heterogeneous. We shall examine a couple of cases that illustrate some of the problems in this area. We shall then conclude with the problem of intellectual property and the multiple goals of digital content collections.

Engelen, Jan. "E-books: Finally There?" In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 444-448. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Widespread distribution of electronic book readers, commonly called “e-readers” seems to have taken off seriously over the last year. Although the first e-readers popped up almost twenty years ago, last year’s market appearance of a completely reworked Amazon Kindle 2, a new series of Sony PRS readers and several Bookeen & Cybook devices made e-books quite popular. All of them can store thousands of books, are extremely light weight and very mince..Many of them present however problems for persons with low vision or blindness. We will discuss briefly the situation and possible solutions.

Kont, Kate-Riin. "ELECTRONICALLY PUBLISHED SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION IN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 422-429. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The use of electronic information resources is growing rapidly. The actual science information is electronic as a rule - practically all the journals of engineering and natural science have electronic versions and a certain number of them are available only electronically. Electronic scientific information in technical universities is the basis for research and development, degree study and professional specialty, to a certain extent. It is widely agreed by producers and purchasers of information that the use of electronic resources should be measured in a more consistent way. Librarians want to understand better how the information they buy from a variety of sources is being used; publishers want to know how the information products they disseminate are being accessed. Findings of this study suggest that the financial opportunities of technical university libraries in the four neighboring countries - Swedish Royal Institute of Technology, Helsinki University of Technology, Tallinn University of Technology Library and Scientific Library of Riga Technical University (henceforth referred to as KTHL, HUTL, TUTL and RTUL respectively) - to spend resources on electronic publications are very different.

Calvi, Licia, Maria Cassella, and Koos Nuijten. "ENHANCING USERS’ EXPERIENCE: A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF 12 UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES FACEBOOK PROFILES." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 258-269. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Facebook has become one of the most prominent tools for social networking over the last few years. Since its establishing in 2004, more and more players have made use of it: not just ordinary users willing to find their old friends and to get back into contact with them, but also, for example, more and more players from the cultural scene. These latter ones include cultural institutions willing to experiment with new ways of getting in touch with their traditional audiences but also willing to attract new audiences (like a younger audience, who is supposed to be more present on such social media); artists, who use it to create a community to share information, to promote their own creations but, more recently, also to collaborate on common project; and finally also libraries.This paper intends to explore the use of Facebook in university libraries by making an empirical analysis of current practices. In doing so, the paper builds on the knowledge gained in a previous study on the way in which Flemish cultural institutions make use of the possibilities offered by social media to communicate with their audiences and to promote themselves [2]. The analysis on current uses we performed will help us sample existing practices and help us derive some general ideas for future best practices. And this will help libraries to better profile themselves and communicate better with their old and new audiences.

Zhong, Cantao, and Meng Wan. "Exploratory Study of Quality Control Mechanism for Academic Papers in the Internet Era. A case study of Sciencepaper Online in China." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 430-436. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Information and communication technologies, such as Internet, can both challenge traditional ways and open opportunities for solving existent problems of present academic quality assurance system. Sciencepaper Online in China (CSPO) has adopted a sophisticated mechanism for quality controlling, which can be represented by “Publish Online First, Author Selected Peer-Review Later”. Using a five-star rating system for quality labelling, each reviewed paper will be assigned a one to five star grade label, corresponding with Poor, Fair, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. With this system, CSPO innovatively solves the conflict between rapid publication and quality assurance. This paper will investigate this unique quality mechanism, with the aim to understand its operation more thoroughly and evaluate its value to the scientific communication community.

Abascal-Mena, Rocio, and Erick López-Ornelas. "GEO INFORMATION EXTRACTION AND PROCESSING FROM TRAVEL NARRATIVES." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 363-373. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Travel narratives published in electronic formats can be very important especially to the tourism community because of the great amount of knowledge that can be extracted. However, the low exploitation of these documents opens a new area of opportunity to the computing community. In this way, this article explores new ways to visualize travel narratives in a map in order to take advantage of experiences of individuals to recommend and describe travel places. Our approach is based on the use of a Geoparsing Web Service to extract geographic coordinates from travel narratives. Once geographic coordinates are extracted by using eXtensible Markup Language (XML) we draw the geo-positions and link the documents into a map image in order to visualize textual information.

Polydoratou, Panyiota, and Ralf Schimmer. "Income sources as underlying business models’ attributes for scholarly journals: preliminary findings from analysing open access journals data." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The Study for Open Access Publishing (SOAP) project is one of the initiatives undertaken to explore the risks and opportunities of the transition to open access publishing. Some of the early analyses of open access journals listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) show that more than half of the open access publishing initiatives (56%) were undertaken by smaller publishers associated with a small number of journals. The study differentiates between 14 large publishers and other publishers. The 14 large publishers publish more than 50 journals each or 1000 per year (data as per 2007 or 2008). Regarding income sources as means for sustaining a journal’s functions, “article processing charges", "membership fee" and "advertisement" are the predominant options for the large publishers (publishers associated with more than 50 journals or 1000 articles); "subscription to the print version of the journal", "sponsorship" and somewhat less the "article processing charges" have the highest incidences for all other publishers

Tonta, Yasar, and Güleda Düzyol. "Mapping the structure and evolution of electronic publishing as a research field using co-citation analysis." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 407-421. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Electronic publishing can be defined as making full-texts of journal articles and books available through the network. Although e-publishing has been in existence for over 30 years in various forms such as CD-ROMs, it owes much of its current level of development to the Internet and the Web. This paper attempts to chart the evolution of e-publishing as a research field over the last 31 years using CiteSpace, an information visualization tool. It maps the intellectual structure of e-publishing based on 493 articles that appeared in professional literature on the subject between 1979 and 2009. Document co-citation and author co-citation patterns and patterns of noun phrases and keywords of papers on e-publishing are visualized through a number of co-citation maps. Maps show the major research strands and hot topics in e-publishing such as “open access” and would improve our understanding of the e-publishing as a research field.

Angus, Emma, and Mike Thelwall. "MOTIVATIONS FOR IMAGE PUBLISHING AND TAGGING ON FLICKR." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 189-204. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Changes in photographic and internet technology have revolutionised the way people create, process and share digital images. This paper investigates people’s motivations for image publishing and tagging on the web 2.0 site Flickr. Using an online pilot survey, 33 participants answered questions about their uploading and tagging practices, and whether or not they hope to make a commercial gain from their images. The results show that most people have two main motivational reasons both for using Flickr, and for the tagging of their images. However, whilst a person may be motivated to use Flickr for both personal and social reasons, tagging motivation tends to focus more exclusively on either one or the other of these two factors. Overall it was found that social organisation and social communication are the most popular motivational factors for both using Flickr and for tagging images, suggesting that Flickr is enjoyed for the community environment it provides rather than as a place to store images. However despite people’s desire to share their images, most users are not hoping to make a commercial gain from the items they upload.

Bornmann, Lutz, and Hans-Dieter Daniel. "Predictive validity of editorial decisions at an open access journa: A case study on Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 40-44. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In this study we investigate the quality of the selection process of an open access (OA) journal, taking as an example the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). ACP is working with a new system of public peer review. We examined the predictive validity of the ACP peer review system - namely, whether the process selects the best of the manuscripts submitted. We have data for 1111 manuscripts that went through the complete ACP selection process in the years 2001 to 2006. The predictive validity was investigated on the basis of citation counts for the later published manuscripts. The results of the citation analysis confirm the predictive validity of the editorial decisions at ACP: They covary with citation counts for the published manuscripts.

Berndt, René, Ina Blümel, and Raoul Wessel. "PROBADO3D – Towards an automatic multimedia indexing workflow for architectural 3D models." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 79-88. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In this paper, we describe a repository for architectural 3D-CAD models which is currently set up at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), Hannover, as part of the larger German PROBADO digital library initiative: The proposed PROBADO-framework is integrating different types of multimedia content-repositories and adding features available in text-based digital libraries. A workflow for automated content-based data analysis and indexing is proposed.

Torres, Victor, Ruben Tous, and Jaime Delgado. "Reliable scholarly objects search and interchange framework." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 57-68. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Authors of scholarly objects might fear that there is a potential risk that the original material they publish in online sites or that they submit for evaluation to scientific journals or conferences is used by others as their own material. In such cases, it would not be easy for the original authors to prove authorship of the original contribution. In similar circumstances, it is very difficult to prove the authorship or origin of some materials that are being distributed amongst social networks, private or institutional websites or any other means through the Internet, namely documents, papers, images, data, etc. Those materials can be easily plagiarised (e.g. partially or totally translated) and redistributed without any control and with no means to prove authorship. In this context, we propose an online framework for the registration, search, interchange and trade of scholarly objects, which helps to overcome the potential drawbacks of online distribution and publishing. This framework acts as an intellectual property repository and sales point, where people is able to register content and determine the way they want to trade it, while providing innovative search capabilities based on the MPEG Query Format standard [1]. Creative Commons (CC) [2] limitations are identified and overcome by means of a licensing approach that combines Rights Expression Languages and the MPEG-21 Media Value Chain Ontology [3].

Nisheva-Pavlova, Maria, and Pavel Pavlov. "Search Engine in a Class of Academic Digital Libraries." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 45-56. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The paper discusses some aspects of an ongoing project aimed at the development of a methodology and proper software tools for building and usage of academic digital libraries. A particular functional model of academic digital library has been proposed and analyzed. The emphasis falls on some solutions of the large set of problems concerning the development of adequate mechanisms for semantics oriented search in multilingual digital libraries. An ontology-based approach is suggested in order to standardize the semantic annotation of the library resources and to facilitate the implementation of the functionality of the search engine. The main features of a prototype of knowledge-based search engine for a multilingual academic digital library with research and learning materials are discussed. This search engine uses proper ontologies describing the conceptual knowledge considerable for the chosen domains and in this way it is capable of retrieving and filtering documents by their semantic properties.

Ullrich, Torsten, Volker Settgast, and René Berndt. "Semantic Enrichment for 3D Documents Techniques and Open Problems." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 374-384. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

With increasing knowledge the process of knowledge management and engineering becomes more and more important. Enriching documents by using markup techniques and by supporting semantic annotations is a major technique for knowledge management. This invaluable information is of extreme importance in the context of civil engineering, product life cycle management, virtual archival storage, and preservation. In these fields of applications annotation techniques for 3D documents are a vital part. They provide semantic information, that make up the basis for digital library services: retrieval, indexing, archival, and searching. Furthermore, metadata are of significant importance as they set the stage for data re-use and they provide documentation of data sources and quality, which is vital for every engineering department. Using metadata helps the user to understand data. Additional information allows focusing on key elements of data helps to determine the data's fitness for a particular use and may provide consistency in terminology. In this paper we give an overview on state-of-the-art annotation techniques focussed on 3D data.

Airchinnigh, Micheál Mac an, and Glenn Strong. "SOCIAL NETWORKS AND THE NATIONAL ART GALLERY (DUBLIN|…|SOFIA)." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 217-233. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

To publish is to make public. And one sense of being public is surely to be accessible? Today it is not only the writing and the images that are published formally, that is to say through official channels, but also the casual human artefacts, the chat, the blog, the quick pic, the self-made music and dance and film, and all of the latter through the medium of the social network. In the World-Wide Web (WWW), to be published is to have a unique resource identifier (URI) and usually a unique resource locator (URL). But to be visibly published on the WWW one needs to be found (much in the same way that one might be found say, 200 years ago, through the library catalogue). Hence at the very core of electronic publishing is to be found the metadata nucleus. In olden times the scholar/reader would have to travel to that place, the Library, if it were accessible, to read/study the work. Today, (s)he travels electronically to those places which are accessible. E-publication does not necessarily entail accessibility. For example, many scholarly works are behind pay walls, costs are borne by institutions of would-be accessors; someone has to pay for maintenance, security, and accessibility. Works of art are in a peculiar and particular category. A work of art is considered to be unique, by which one understands that there is no other copy, properly understood. There may be thousands of prints of the unique piece authorised. But the digitization of an artwork forces a categorical change. The digital artwork is, by nature different. It can be seen, not by reflected light but by transmitted see-through light! In this specific regard it is completely other vis-à-vis the book qua text. In this paper we consider the typical state of the “digital art” as e-publication and explore the extent to which such art is freely accessible to the public, whether on social network or otherwise, with respect to four chosen “National Art Galleries” on the circumference of the European Union.

Georgiev, Kalin, and Miloslav Sredkov. "Sophie 2.0 - a platform for reading and writing of interactive multimedia books in a networked environment." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 437-443. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Sophie is software for reading and writing networked multimedia electronic books. It has been designed to let those without professional design skills create and distribute complex documents that take full advantage of new media and the Internet. Sophie brings together all of the pieces of media-rich writing. In addition, Sophie fosters collaboration, allows instant reader feedback, and encourages interactivity. Sophie lets users create communities around projects; with Sophie, “books” become “places” where people meet.In addition to its powerful capabilities for combining various media formats and interactivity, Sophie Server, a significant part of the Sophie platform, allows authors to collaborate – working on the same content simultaneously in real time, or offline and later integrate their changes with the work of others when an Internet connection becomes available. Sophie also offers integrated reader communication capabilities allowing readers to ask questions and comment on specific sections of the book.

Tonta, Yasa, and Dogan Karabulut. "THE ANATOMY OF AN ELECTRONIC DISCUSSION LIST FOR LIBRARIANS, KUTUP-L: BIBLIOMETRIC AND CONTENT ANALYSES OF POSTINGS." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 234-244. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Electronic discussion lists are widely used as a professional and scientific communication tool since late 1980s. Analysis of messages sent to discussion lists provides useful information on professional as well as scientific communication patterns. In this paper, we present the findings of a bibliometric analysis of some 20,000 messages sent to KUTUP-L, an electronic discussion list for Turkish librarians, between 1994 and 2008. We test if the distributions of messages and their authors conform to Pareto, Price and Lotka laws. We then analyze the contents of 977 messages based on a stratified sample. Findings indicate that the number of messages sent to KUTUP-L has increased over the years along with the number of authors. Two thirds (1,232) of about 1,900 list members posted at least one message to the list while the rest preferred to be so called “lurkers”. Some 35 authors posted almost half (49%) the messages while 20% of the authors posted 83% of all messages. The distribution of messages to authors conform to Price (“the square root of all authors would post half the messages”) and Pareto laws (so called “80/20 rule”), respectively. Of the 1,232 authors, one third (as opposed to 60% predicted by Lotka’s Law) sent only one message to the list. Results of content analysis show that 40% of messages sent to the list were off-topic. Issues about or related with information management services (32%), library and information science (23%) and professional and scientific communication (19%) were discussed more often in the list. The intent analysis of the postings shows that three quarters of the messages were initiatory while the rest were reflexive. That’s to say that the majority of messages posted on KUTUP-L to initiate a discussion did not seem to generate enough interest for others to reflect upon them by sending follow up messages, suggesting that professional and scientific communication taking place on KUTUP-L on certain subjects can be characterized as more of a one-way communication than a participatory one.

O'Brien, Linda. "The changing scholarly information landscape: Reinventing information services to increase research impact." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 142-166. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In an increasingly competitive global knowledge economy the role of the university in a nation’s innovation agenda has taken on greater prominence. Innovation through knowledge creation and application is seen to be the driver of long term national economic and social prosperity. With this recognition comes a growing interest by government in quality assuring and measuring the value of their universities. University league tables have become an accepted part of this landscape, as nations seek to position themselves in a globally competitive environment. A university’s research impact - the extent to which its research informs further research and practise - is a significant component of the innovation system, and of the league table measures. Citation impact is often used as a proxy for research impact, though it only tells part of the story. Against this backdrop the research lifecycle is being transformed by information and communication technologies, fundamentally changing the scholarly information and communication landscape. What once appeared to be a linear process, from research through to publication, has become more complex, more collaborative, challenging the boundaries between disciplines, organisations, nations [1]. Emerging opportunities to leverage research data to increase research impact have yet to be realised. Universities, as long lived institutions, must balance short term utilitarian demands driven by national innovation agendas and league table positioning, with their fundamental mission of knowledge creation, synthesis, transmission and preservation. This is a mission that aligns strongly with the traditional place of the library in providing access to scholarship for current and future generation for all who wish to learn, a role that has been challenged by apparently ubiquitous access to digital content. The complexity of the current environment offers new opportunities for a university’s information service providers to further the university, and the nation’s aspirations – both short and long term. Information service providers are ideally positioned to navigate the complexity of the scholarly information landscape to achieve university imperatives within a national context, through collaboration within and across organisational boundaries; to achieve short term imperatives whilst staying true to the long term mission of universities in knowledge creation, dissemination and preservation for future generations of scholars and practitioners. Griffith University, a research intensive, innovative university situated within the south east corner of Queensland, Australia enjoys the benefit of an integrated information services division. Information Services brings together library, information and IT professionals to provide the information leadership, services, systems and infrastructure which underpin the University’s research, learning, teaching and administrative activity. Over the last twelve months the division has built on its strengths to re-shape its services to tightly align them with University’s aspirations. A significant part of this re-shaping has been the implementation of new service models, new services and systems, and strengthened partnerships, to increase the University’s research impact. This initiative has been welcomed by the academy. More complex measures will be required to indicate the success of this initiative over time.

Palmer, David. "THE HKU SCHOLARS HUB; UNLOCKING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 205-216. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In 2009 The University of Hong Kong (HKU) wrote mission and vision statements, and strategic plans highlighting Knowledge Exchange (KE). The HKU Scholars Hub, the institutional repository of HKU, was chosen to be the chief vehicle to forge the necessary culture for KE within HKU and engage staff in delivering the desired outcomes of KE. Development work to create this vehicle serendipitously created other desired outcomes. Chief amongst these is a collective knowledge system, created from the interaction between machine and data, author and institution, and, local authority and remote indexing. The result is a bootstrapped “intelligence”, greater than the sum of its parts.

Giglia, Elena. "The impact factor of open access journals:data and trends." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 17-39. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

In recent years, a large debate has arisen about the citation advantage of Open Access (OA). Many studies have been conducted on different datasets and according to different perspectives, which led to different and somehow contradictory results depending on the considered disciplinary field, the researchers’ attitude and citational behaviour, and the applied methodology. One of the bibliometric indicators most used worldwide to measure citations is Impact Factor – not free from criticisms and reservations – but it has only been tested on Open Access journals once, in 2004.The aim of this preliminary work, focused on “Gold” Open Access, is to test the performance of Open Access journals with the most traditional bibliometric indicator – Impact Factor, to verify the hypothesis that unrestricted access might turn into more citations and therefore also good Impact Factor indices. Other indicators, such as Immediacy Index and 5-year Impact Factor, will be tested too. The preliminary step of the work was fixing the list of Open Access journals tracked by Thomson Reuters in «Journal Citation Reports» (JCR). JCR was compared to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) as of 31 December of the corresponding year.As to coverage, Open Access journals in «Journal Citation Reports» are still a small percentage, even though there has been a large increase since 2003 in the Science edition (from 1.47% to 5.38%), less visible in the Social Science edition (from 1.05% to 1.52%, with a slight decrease from the 2007 1.71%).In order to obtain comparable data, absolute Impact Factor or Immediacy Index values were not considered, but rather converted into percentiles for each category. The rank of the Open Access journals was analyzed in each single category. The titles were then clustered in disciplinary macro-areas, and data were aggregated.Open Access journals in JCR 2008 Social Sciences edition rank in the top fifty percentiles (0-50) with a 54.5% share.With substantial differences between macro-areas, in JCR 2008 Science edition Open Access journals rank in the top fifty percentiles (0-50) with a 38.62% share when considering Impact Factor, and with a 37.68% share referring to Immediacy Index. When considering 5-year Impact Factor, the share is 40.45%.Open Access journals are relatively new actors in the publishing market, and gaining reputation and visibility is a complex challenge. Some of them show impressive Impact Factor trends since their first year of tracking. The collected data show that the performance of Open Access journals, also tested with the most traditional bibliometric indicator, is quite good in terms of citations.

Björk, Bo_Christer, Patrik Welling, Peter Majlender, Turid Hedlund, Mikael Laakso, and Gudni Gudnasson. "The Open access Landscape 2009." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 404-406. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The Internet has technically facilitated making scientific results available to a much wider readership than ever before, both via electronic subscriptions but also for free in the spirit of Open Source licensing of software and the knowledge sharing of Wikipedia. This emerging openness has important implications for better impact of published research in general and for bridging the digital divide between the researchers of the leading universities and the developing nations. A central question many policymakers ask is how common Open Access is today and how fast the share of OA is increasing. What proportion of journal articles are OA and to what extent do researchers post OA copies in repositories? Accurate answers to such questions would be very valuable for instance for research funders and for university administrators. The purpose of the study reported on in this paper is to provide answers to this type of questions.

Tourte, Greg, Emma Tonkin, and Paul Valdes. "The PEG-BOARD Project: a case study for BRIDGE." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 167-188. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

With increasing public interest in the area of historical climate change and in models of climate change in general, comes a corresponding increase in the importance of maintaining open, accessible and usable research data repositories. In this paper, we introduce an e-Science data repository containing extensive research data from palaeoclimatology. Initially designed to support internal collaboration and organise data, the sharing of research outputs became an increasingly significant role for the service over several years of practical use. We report on data preservation and interoperability assessment currently under way. Finally, we discuss the ongoing significance of open research data and capacity for analysis in the area of climate research with palaeoclimatology as a case study.

Zima, Martin, and Karel Jezek. "Translation of XML Documents into Logic Programs." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 351-362. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The semantic web is supposed to become a characteristic phenomenon of the worldwide web in the next decade. One of the basic semantic web tools is the XML language. The aim of this paper is to provide information on how web documents written in the XML language can be rewritten into logic forms expressed as Prolog/Datalog programs. The XML language constitutes the basis of many semantic web languages and information in XML documents is usually retrieved with the help of procedural language called XQuery. Retrieving based on logic formulas gives us the chance to take advantage of deduction and this way to gain new originally hidden information.

Collins, Ellen, and Branwen Hide. "USE AND RELEVANCE OF WEB 2.0 RESOURCES FOR RESEARCHERS." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 271-289. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

One of the features of the growth of Web 2.0 resources and services in recent years has been the rapid development of a range of web based tools designed to allow researchers to generate, modify, share and redistribute information in innovative ways. There has been much discussion about the benefits of using such resources, often accompanied by an assumption, particularly from outside the academic research community, that most researchers will eventually use these tools, if they are not already doing so. However, it is not yet clear whether, why, or to what extent, researchers actually do use them. This work set out to examine the extent to which researchers use Web 2.0 tools and resources. It also set out to identify the factors that influence adoption in order to determine whether these resources are changing researchers’ behaviours.

Honegaar, Arjan, Marga van Meel, and Elly Dijk. "What are your information needs? Three user studies about research information in the Netherlands, with an emphasis on the NARCIS portal." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 290-303. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

The NARCIS portal (www.narcis.info) provides access to science information (information about research, researchers and research institutions) and scientific information [(full-text) publications and datasets]. The portal is very popular, with 1.2 million users annually. NARCIS is also an important supplier of information to international services such as Google/Google Scholar, WorldWideScience.org and DRIVER. In 2009 the KNAW conducted a three-part user survey, with two online surveys and a series of semi-structured interviews. The aim was to learn more about the people who use the portal, why they use it and their ideas and wishes for improvements to the portal. Another purpose of the survey was to identify changes that could be made to improve the match between the services provided by NARCIS and the needs of existing and potential users. The surveys showed that more than half of the users of NARCIS are from universities, research institutions or universities of applied science. Most searches conducted on NARCIS are for dissertations. The existence of a single gateway to different types of information is regarded as very useful. The most frequently mentioned improvement in the service would be to provide access to information from other countries as well. Respondents also mentioned the provision of tools for performing complex analyses of the information available via NARCIS as a worthwhile option for enhancing the service.The interviews revealed, among other things, the need for the presentation of information in context and that senior officials are often confronted with information overload. The user survey has led to a series of proposals for modifications or improvements in the service; some of them may be implemented immediately, while others will require consultation at national or international level.

Bukvova, Helena, Hendrik Kalb, and Eric Schoop. "What we blog? A qualitaive analysis of researchers' weblogs." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 89-97. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Traditionally, academic researchers have been using platforms such as conferences, academic journals and books to present their findings and engage in academic discourse with their peers. The development of Information and Communication Technologies provides researchers not only with new tools, but also with new means of interaction. Among the new platforms are also weblogs (blogs). Formerly defined as `online logbooks', blogs can be used for a variety of purposes. A small but growing number of researchers write research related blogs. In this paper we present a qualitative, explorative study, carried out with the aim of describing and structuring information provided by academic researchers in their blogs. We describe a framework for categorising blogs and blog posts as well as patterns of blogging behaviour we have observed in research blogs.

Tonkin, Emma. "Writeslike.us: Linking people through OAI Metadata." In Publishing in the networked world: Transforming the Nature of Communication, 14th International Conference on Electronic Publishing, 98-118. ELPUB. Helsinki, Finland, 2010.

Informal scholarly communication is an important aspect of discourse both within research communities and in dissemination and reuse of data and findings. Various tools exist that are designed to facilitate informal communication between researchers, such as social networking software, including those dedicated specifically for academics. Others make use of existing information sources, in particular structured information such as social network data (e.g. FOAF) or bibliographic data, in order to identify links between individuals; co-authorship, membership of the same organisation, attendance at the same conferences, and so forth. Writeslike.us is a prototype designed to support the aim of establishing informal links between researchers. It makes use of data harvested from OAI repositories as an initial resource. This raises problems less evident in the use of more consistently structured data. The information extracted is filtered using a variety of processes to identify and benefit from systematic features in the data. Following this, the record is analysed for subject, author name, and full text link or source; this is spidered to extract full text, where available, to which is applied a formal metadata extraction package, extracting several relevant features ranging from document format to author email address/citations. The process is supported using data from Wikipedia. Once available, this information may be explored using both graph and matrix-based approaches; we present a method based on spreading activation energy, and a similar mechanism based on cosine similarity metrics. A number of prototype interfaces/data access methods are described, along with relevant use cases, in this paper.