Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law mandating open access to publicly funded researches. It was widely supported by most of the Parliament members. And it is already the second parliamentary inquiry mandating the Cabinet of Ministers to take actions on creating favourable conditions for developing open access repositories in archives, libraries, museums, scientific and research institutions with open access condition to state funded researches. And for the second time the implementation of this law was interrupted by the political crises. Grass root initiatives of Ukrainian Universities and libraries as well as the political support from the principle legislative body in the country have still not resulted into a single well-functioning institutional/national repository. The poster highlights the developments that have taken place, actions for the years to come and recommendations for the countries that are in circumstances that can be compared to Ukraine.