Keywords Abstract
Lazarte, Leonardo, and Ana Cristina Moreira. "A PKP Open Conference System: how a portable, open source conference management system can help to run a conference." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. The “Open Conference System”, OCS, is an open source, free, web publishing tool which helps in planning, organizing and managing a conference. It allowed us to experience the benefits of two important trends today: sharing knowledge and open source. ElPub2003 as well as this years’ ElPub2004 have been managed through this software. OCS allows the creation of a conference web site, editing and disseminating calls for papers, submission of abstracts and full papers, manage the reviewing process, and help with the registration process. The use of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) standards of metadata makes possible the indexation and search of the conference papers, which are incorporated to a universal library of databases for scholarly and public use.
da Fonseca, Ramon Martins So. "A PKP Open Journal System: how a portable, open source journal management/ publishing system can improve the scholarly communication process and the global visibility of scholars." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. The Publick Knowledge Project has been working for a few years now on a software called Open Journal Systems – OJS, now currently in version 1.1.7, which is implementing many languages including English, French, Portuguese and Spanish. OJS assists with every stage of the publishing process for refereed journals, from managing submission reviews through to online publication and indexing. Through online management Systems, finely grained indexing for accurate searches, and by providing a supportive context of relevant resources for each article, OJS seeks to improve both the scholarly and public quality of refereed research.
Grolmus, Petr, Jiri Hynek, and Karel Jezek. "A web-based user-profile generator: foundation for a recommender and expert finding system." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The objective of our research is to create a universal tool for recommending non-visited interesting web pages as well as experts working in the same field of specialty. We accentuate practical adaptability of user profiles. User profiles are generated on the basis of Suffix Tree Clustering (STC) algorithm, which is similar to creating an inverted list of phrases occurring in a document collection. We are computing similarity of characteristic phrases identified by STC in order to find clusters of phrases. Phrases linked by similarity relationships form a phrase association graph. Clusters of phrases generated by our tool define interests of each user. We have tested the system by means of various document collections, such as Reuters Corpus Volume One – RCV1, 20Newsgroups, CTK – Czech Press Agency and Reuters-21578. Experimental results based on our extensive simulations as well as real-life environment are presented in the paper. Precision of our recommender system is 85 to 95 %.

Ramalho, José Carlos, Giovani Librelotto, and Pedro Rangel Henriques. "ADRIAN: E-LEARNING CONTENT PRODUCTION (CREATING ONLINE EXAMS)." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Universities and other institutions related to education are investing time and resources in E-learning initiatives. This leads to an increasing number of course offers in E-learning format. There are environments, called Learning Management Systems (LMS), designed to help teachers in the management of their courses. Basically a LMS provides functionalities to manage student records, to facilitate communication between students and between students and teacher, to control accesses and produce statistics, schedules, evaluation and an open platform to help teachers make lecture content available online. However they do not dictate what kind of technology or format should be used to prepare those contents. Although this issue can be seen as an advantage in certain contexts it leads to a format anarchy and makes support for content production impossible. Here is where ADRIAN comes into the scene providing support for content production. ADRIAN is composed by several components: one component to help producing lessons and lab guided sessions; one component for the production of tests and exams; one component to support the production of multimedia presentations; and one component to generate interfaces that integrate all the material produced (content parts) by the other components or developed elsewhere by the teacher. The whole system is being developed with XML (eXtended Markup Language) using descriptive markup for content, and related technologies like XSL (eXtended Stylesheet Language) for content transformations. This way we ensure the portability and platform independence of the system. The last mentioned component, the integration component, is based on ontologies; the user is asked to define an ontology for his course. After that the system generates automatically the web interface that integrates all the courseware components. We start by describing the ADRIAN architecture (a more detailed description was published at M-ISCTE conference) and then we present the Tests and Exams Production application. The main idea behind Tests an Exams is that structure is not free. This ADRIAN’s component enforces a specific structure specified in an XML Schema. This is the way to achieve normalization in the content production. However to convince teachers to use we provide all the editing and transformation tools. The user only has to use an interface to introduce content. After that the system takes care of the electronic publishing: producing paper and web versions and in this case (tests and exams) managing the interaction between students solving the online exam and the system. In this paper we characterize the different kinds of exams and present the steps towards the XML Schema definition. Then we describe this application lifecycle and the implementation we have.

Engelen, Jan, and Markus Schranz. "Advanced search techniques based on an Eurowordnet application, through demonstrations of the Omnipaper project results, and technological approaches as implementend in the Omnipaper prototype, including SOAP and WSDL." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. This workshop will be devoted mainly to demonstrations and the presentation of results obtained through a novel search technique developed in the European project Omnipaper. This smart way to search has been applied for news sources and the project OmniPaper has tested a prototype that offers ‘semantic search’ capabilities for Europe’s newspapers on the Net. Furthermore, this prototype permits multilingual access to the reams of online newspapers available through News Brokers.
Campanario, Juan Miguel. "Advantages of two new approaches for scientific e-publishing." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This article tries to show the advantages of an alternative way for the publication of manuscripts, that is, the Metajournal. It is based on the following idea: authors of scientific journals can submit an abstract to this facility and editors and referees can routinely scan the Metajournal to find out good manuscripts. On the hand they can get in touch with the authors to publish the manuscript and on the other hand the author can freely choose the most adequate journal in which publish his or her research. As a result of this, a new role may appear in science, that is, the journal scanner or journal scout. However, The metajournal can also be used for those manuscripts that were rejected by journals. The editor of the journal that rejects a manuscript has the possibility to send it to The Metajournal, in this way it is available not only for editors and referees but for everybody.

Schranz, Markus W., and Bert Paepen. "Architecture design and application for an Intelligent Distributed News Archive." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Throughout an entire decade, the Internet has brought unmanageable amounts of information to the average user’s fingertips. Since this growth will only continue, it is vital that users are supported in converting this universe of information into improved productivity and opportunity instead of being swamped and paralyzed. Failing to address information overload will cost enterprises and individuals money, often in ways that are not easily measured: Costs that result from lowered productivity and from mislead business decisions. To really satisfy user needs and restricted budgets, the myriads of information need to be structured and organized in an intelligent and user-oriented way. Technically, appropriate architectures to integrate existing archives with an intelligent news retrieval engine are to be developed. The research approach in the discussed OmniPaper project is investigating ways for drastically enhancing access to many different types of distributed information resources. The key objective is the creation of a multilingual navigation and linking layer on top of distributed information resources in a self-learning environment, thus providing a sophisticated approach to manage multinational news archives with strong semantic coupling, delivering to the user more than the sum of the individual service features.

Kuramoto, Hélio. "Brazilian Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The communication and information technologies allow the documentation centers, libraries and other information units providers the recording and dissemination of its information. These initiatives were employed in an autonomous manner. As a result, the final users found difficulties in the full access to these information sources. If on the one hand, these technologies facilitate to information providers the record and dissemination in digital format and on the World Wide Web, on the other hand, they also facilitate the development of patterns and protocols which allows the integration of databases. In this context, the Open Archives Initiative was implemented to establish patterns and ideals, which allow the integration of information databases. This initiative came to be initially with the purpose of presenting a new alternative in scientific communication. However, the established patterns may also be used as a tool for the integration of remote databases, reason by which the Brazilian Institute of Information in Science and Technology(IBICT) has been continuously researching and adapting them to the country needs concerning the integrated dissemination of Scientific and Technological Information. The first initiative of IBICT using these patterns was the development and implementation, in the country, of the Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertations (BDTD). This experience demonstrated the potential of these patterns and ideals created by the Open Archives Initiative, because, besides the established patterns having allowed the integration of different initiatives by the Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertations already developed in the country, even the BDTD may be integrated to two similar international initiatives the Networked Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation (NDLTD) and the Universidad de Chile. This one implements another model of Digital Library, as Cyberthesis, developed by the Université Lumiére, which also uses the Harvesting Protocol from the Open Archives Initiative.

Saraiva, Miguel. "Connecting communities and promoting the local knowledge sharing in Latin America." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. ITDG, established by Schumacher in the United Kingdom, has the mission to investigate and to scatter technologies that directly respond to the necessities of the most isolated and impoverished populations of the world, under the motto. “To learn what people do and to help them to do it better”. Applying the previous statement to our work in information and communication technologies – ICT - and specifically to the subject of rural communication, would take us to affirm: learn how people communicate to help them do it better. ICT and particularly Internet have opened us a new scene of work, where local and global are combined and where we must learn of what has already been done to do it better.
Appelgren, Ester. "Convergence and divergence in media: different perspectives." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

A current issue in the media industry is coping with the effects of convergence. The concept of convergence is frequently used both in the academic field and within the media industry to denote the ongoing restructuring of media companies as well as to describe the latest developments in media forms, distribution, and consumption. However, there is currently no generally accepted definition of the concept. Depending on the context, the meaning and connotations vary. Some researchers suggest that convergence is a result of a change toward a more modern media society while others treat the concept as denoting the actual process toward a more efficient management of the media value chain. This paper discusses various definitions of convergence, both in a historical perspective and as it is used and understood in contemporary media and communications research, one aim being the evaluation of how the meaning of the concept has evolved during the past decade. The study is based on literature research and one conclusion is that convergence is a process dependent on current circumstances within society. The use of the concept has therefore developed from being mainly connected with digitalization in media technology to also include elements of integration, combination, competition and divergence. This paper suggests that convergence should be seen as an ongoing process of media and media industry development that is dependent on and in continuous interplay with a contrasting and complementary process, that of media divergence.

Arellano, Miguel Angel Mard. "Digital Preservation of Scientific Information in Brazil: an initial approach of existing models." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The problem addressed in this study is to investigate how digital science and technical information produced and used by brazilian government research institutes has been preserved and what kind of digital preservation strategies can be proposed. It presents the results of an exploratory study from a Doctoral dissertation research being developed at the Department of Information Science at the University of Brasilia, Brazil.

Ramalho, José Carlos, and Miguel Ferreira. "DigitArq: creating and managing a digital archive." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

In this paper we present the steps followed in a project called DigitArq that aimed at building a centralised repository for archival finding aids. At the O’Porto’s District Archive, finding aids existed in several different formats and media. Migration was used to convert all the finding aids into a single normalised format based on an international standard – EAD/XML. After migration, archival management software was developed to maintain the collected information and assist archivists in the creation of new finding aids. Archival finding aids are described by hierarchical structures which can easily be described with XML but present interesting issues while using Relational Databases. The relational data model employed is described in detail.

Baptista, Ana Alice. "DSpace-dev at University of Minho." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. The University of Minho (UMinho) was the first institution in the Portuguese speaking world to use a translated version of Dspace. DSpace related activities at University of Minho started in April 2003 and since then many developments have been made. The first step has been taken by the UMinho Documentation Services (SDUM) with the translation of the DSpace system to Portuguese and its implementation in the RepositóriUM (http:/ /repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt), the institutional repository of UMinho, created to store, preserve and disseminate the intellectual output of the University. This version has been downloaded for use in many other institutions in Portugal and Brazil. This same version was used as a basis for the papadocs system (http://papadocs. dsi.uminho.pt ). Papadocs intends to store and provide access to all assignments made by the Information Systems’ department alumni. Some changes had to be made to the original version, in particular in what concerns the metadata. Other changes and plug-ins have been developed in order to better conform to our needs. These include the restriction of values for keywords accordingly to the ACM Computing Classification System and the Keyword Classification Scheme for IS Research Literature (developed and available both in XML and in RDF-S) and the development and implementation of a commenting module together with a 3D visualization of what we call the “Web of Communication”. Two other instances are planned to be installed in the near future: one for storing all the articles from a well-known journal in the Information Systems area (this can later be open to other journals); and another to store cultural heritage documents related to the history of computing in the country (waiting for funding from the local funding body – FCT). In this talk I will present these four initiatives and discuss the related research projects currently in hands.
Oliveira, Miguel. "eABC: Scientific Publications Bibliographic Archives." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The paper intends to present eABC – Scientific Publications Bibliographic Archive of University of Aveiro’. It describes the motivation that induced its implementation, advantages for users and for all those whom the system serves. Some of the systems functionalities will be presented, along with a description on how to use them. Finally, the current status of the system - as it is being used by the University of Aveiro - will be presented, with the addition of an explanation on how this system helps in the creation of mechanisms that enable the adaptability and flexibility of systems to improve the scientific community dynamics.

van Bentum, Maarten, Peter Daalmans, Henk Ellerman, Bem ten Tusscher, and Jan van der Veen. "Electro-shock for the congress paper. P-Web: an online publishing tool for conference proceedings." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

In many scientific disciplines proceedings of conferences are essential for scientists and scholars to keep informed about the results of current research. Online accessible conference proceedings are gradually replacing the traditional paper-based proceedings. This paper presents the principles and functioning of P-Web, an online publishing tool for conference proceedings, which aims at supporting the quality of scholarly communication and the scientific process in general. In the context of an ever increasing emphasis on online scientific publishing, P-web can help conference organizers and presenters by making their work available for a wider audience. P-Web can optimize and enhance the findability and reuse of online conference proceedings. P-Web catalogues the conference papers that can be found in the different institutional repositories of the participating authors. P-Web harvests the metadata records from the institutional repositories according to the OAI protocol. Since in this protocol only a minimal metadata set is assumed, enrichment of this set with additional metadata is indispensable. Basic conference details need to be entered by the conference organizers who want their online proceedings to be exposed via P-Web. By enrichment of the harvested metadata set, PWeb is an interface between data providers like institutional repositories and subject-oriented repositories on the one hand and for example awareness services like ISI’s Current Web contents and INFORMS Online on the other. P-Web is both a service provider and an intermediate data provider. It has been developed as an open source product by the Erasmus University Rotterdam and the University of Twente, The Netherlands, within the Digital Academic Repository program (DARE).

Fernandes, Regina Coeli, Miguel Angel Mard Arellano, Ramon Martins So da Fonseca, Carlos Roberto Meinert, Iêda M. de Jesu da Silva, Margaret de Palermo, and Francisco de Paula e Filho. "Electronic Journal Publishing System - Ciência da Informação." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The journal Ciência da Informação is presented in an entirely electronic version, using as a tool the software Open Journal Systems (OJS), developed by Public Knowledge Project (PKP), translated and customized by the Brazilian Institute for Information in Science and Technology (IBICT).

da Fonseca, Ramon Martins So, Miguel Angel Mard Arellano, Carlos Roberto Meinert, and Lígia Café. "Electronic Journal Publishing System - SEER." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The present work describes the adaptation to Portuguese of the Open Journal Systems (OJS), a software applied to the administration of the editorial process of electronic journals, developed by the Public Knowledge Project (PKP), of the University of British Columbia, Canada. The customization resulted in the ELECTRONIC JOURNAL PUBLISHING SYSTEM (SEER), which has become part of the Brazilian Digital Library (BDB) project of the Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia (IBICT/MCT). One of IBICT’s main goals to develop systems based on the Open Archives Initiative, promoting free, democratic, and open access to cientific and tecnological production in Brazil.

Selyverstov, Aleksei, Pavel Plechov, Sergei Trusov, Aleksei Krasheninnikov, and Vadim Ustiansky. "Electronic publishing for academics: geology and physics in Russian network for natural sciences." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Electronic publications have proven to be crucial for supplying the scientific community with up-todate research results and instruments for both education and research. Present work summarizes the experience of development and maintenance of two natural science oriented servers and their integration with related databases and web-resources. The Russian network for natural sciences pursues the aim of providing the scientific society of the CIS states with high quality tools for peerreviewed scientific publishing in Russian and other languages with full public availability and an open archive of handbooks and textbooks on geology and physics. Web-based software for scientific calculations, forums, various information services and an ample catalogue of related scientific resources combined with search and classification tools are also presented on the Network. Search forms for geology and physics resources freely distributed among interested third-party sites and means of mutual information exchange based on XML serve the aim of deep integration of scientific resources. Designed and launched with the support of Moscow State University in 1997 and 2000 respectively, the Geo.Web.Ru and Phys.Web.Ru servers provide users with thousands of scientific and popular books, articles and sketches on physics (over 2,200 documents) and geology (over 4,700 documents). The servers are by now among the top-ranked resources for Russian-speaking scientific auditorium according to usage statistics.

Marcondes, Carlos Henrique, and Marília Mendonça. "Evaluation of emerging e-journals in science and technology: a proposed methodology based on analysis of links to e-journals sites." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper reports the results of a research project, sponsored by CNPq – the Brazilian Council for the Development of Science an Technology -, which develops an evaluation methodology for the emerging Brazilian ejournals in science and thecnology. In Information Science, citation is a traditional measure of prestige for a scientific journal. Brazilian ejournals are a recent reality in Brazilian Web scenario. One of the main barriers to increase their use by the Brazilian academic community is the lack of systematic evaluation, like that provided by ISI’s impact factor. The proposed methodology were based on the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the links to the site of the ejournal, obtained by submitting its URL to Google search engine. The methodology considers not only the number of links directed to a site, but also the existence of qualitative links, those of “authorities” sites in an specific knowledge area, and those of non-Brazilian institutions. “Authorities”, in Brazilian scientific scenario, are considered sites of institutions like specialized or academic libraries, sites of scientific or professional associations and sites of important post-graduate programs in a specific area. NonBrazilian sites were also considered qualitative links, because they indicate the achievement of an ejournal. These different kinds of links were weighted and used to calculate a grade to an ejournal site, as an indicator of its relevance in a knowledge area. The methodology was first tested and fine tuned in Information Science area and then applied to Brazilian ejournals of several knowledge areas.. This paper reports the results and discusses future developments such as how the methodology could be automated and made available through a web site, having as input URLs of e-journal sites and URLs of community agreed “authorities” sites in a given area. This proposal, in the scope of Brazilian public policies concerning scientific and technological information, could constitute a cooperative evaluation web resource to the Brazilian scientific community, in addition to other resources like the SciELO gateway (http://www.scielo.br) and the CAPES scientific journals gateway (http://www.periodicos.capes.gov.br).

Martens, Bob, and Tomo Cerovsek. "Experiences with web-based scientific collaboration: managing the submission and review process of scientific conferences." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper discusses the logistics of the submission and review process of conference entries by means of a “free”, web-based application. In the framework of the SciX-project - an acronym for “Open, self organising repository for scientific information exchange”, SOPS (“SciX Open Publishing Services”) has been developed. The SciX-project framework has already been elaborated in the ELPUB 2002 contribution and on the occasion of ELPUB 2003 the creation of a Digital Library for ELPUB was presented. An outline of SOPS as an publishing aid for conference organizers will be worked out in this paper, using the case study ofthe IAPS 2004 conference. The SOPSconference application provides the functionality to support the organisation of a conference. It handles the registration of participants, submission and reviewing of abstracts, full-paper submission, reviewing and publishing. By means of other SOPS-services already a repository with previous conference papers has been realized for the IAPS-association.

Simeao, Elmira, and Antonio Miranda. "Extensive Communication and the Format of the Online Scientific Journal." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The scientific journal has been greatly affected by the advent of its online digital accessibility. It is the priority publication medium for scientific communication, one of the document categories where changes in the electronic format uncover an extensive action, different from traditional practices. The extensive communication — a.k.a. the emblematic model of network interactions — comes as much in new forms of document production, as well as in the organization of the technical landscape in which scientific information adapts to flexible and unstable forms. Gradual changes (in support, format, content, and publication type) were observed in 400 online electronic journals, being all by main international publishers, as made available at CAPES portal (www.periodicos.capes.gov.br). The portal offers access to the complete text of a lot of publication, encyclopedias, databases, etc., supplied by editors and international distributors. In all the platforms we can find specific search tools that make possible bibliographical searches, alert services and other products and services, as well as information of technical and scientific interest. A data collection was assembled through a checklist for 70 variables, and the results were inserted in a spreadsheet for an initial analysis. Afterwards, data were cross-examined through the use of the SPSS software for statistical analysis. This investigation has shown that the new format stands out through the insertion of tools and services, strengthening extensive communication by means of interactivity, hypertextuality, and hypermediation, a. k. a., the main distinctive features of the electronic format. After technological resources mature the online format, they establish a new perception of the journal contents. The variables were grouped according to their pertinence to the studied aspects in the electronic format, and were expressed in percentage ratios. The results display the dependence of the electronic on the printed format. By combining all the variables once again to measure the levels of interactivity, hypertextuality, and hypermediation, journals were grouped by platform (i. e., the online publishing base as, for example, Scielo, Science Direct, Gale, OVID, etc.) to test for interactivity, hypertextuality, and hypermediation levels among platforms. The descriptive measures of indexes were first calculated: average, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value, percentage ratios — among other data — to confirm level variations of each one of the characteristics among the platforms. Observing the grouping by platform, the results have shown evidence that a direct relationship (in other words, the most interactive groups are not necessarily the most hypertextual or hypermediatic ones) does not exist among the three characteristic features of the online electronic format. The online journal is using a communication in a differentiated dimension from the traditional system. The performance of the journals was also evaluated comparatively among platforms. At this stage in the evolution of electronic publishing, serious experimentation is needed. Models like CAPES Portal should be developed, allowing for continued expansion and enhancement of scholarly communication.

Almeida, Pedro, Joaquim Sousa Pinto, Joaquim Arnaldo Martins, and Helder Zagalo. "Framework for a XML-based search system." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This article presents a framework for a XML based search system composed of three layers: data layer, logic layer and presentation layer. In all three layers XML related technologies are used to store, search, transport and present information like Native XML Databases, Web Services and XSLT. Two examples of an implementation of a XML based search system are presented and compared, one based in open-source tools and another in a commercial suite. The open-source system uses XIndice to store the XML information and JAVA technologies to create the Web Services and the presentation while the commercial system uses Microsoft IndexServer with a XML Filter to analyze the XML Information and the .NET framework to create the Web Services and presentation of the information. Both systems have strengths and weaknesses that are presented in this article.

Ihlström, Carina, Maria Å. kesson, and Stig Nodqvist. "From print to web to e-paper: the challenge of designing the e-newspaper." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper presents future scenarios of use and design of the e-newspaper, i.e. the newspaper on epaper. These scenarios are based on experiences from prototyping e-newspaper interfaces and from a survey with newspaper designers and management. The findings show e.g. that the design from the printed edition and the functionality of the online newspaper were considered preferable attributes for the e-newspaper, and that mobility, interactivity, adjustment for special target groups and personalization were the most frequently suggested functionalities. Several issues regarding navigation, pagination, structure and overview were discussed during the prototyping, leading to layout suggestions for a one page 5.8 x 8.2 inches display with navigation both on the hardware and in the graphical user interface. Pagination was considered important as well as the ability to estimate the amount of content of the e-newspaper, and the possibility to return to the page from which an article was chosen to read. From the findings three future scenarios are proposed, for a) senior citizens in sparsely populated areas, b) business travelers, and c) young early adopters.

Chan, Leslie. "Introduction." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. It is significant that the Elpub meeting this year is held in Brazil, as we need to acknowledge that while the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is now truly global, its development and diffusion is still highly uneven around the world. This Special Session brings together researchers and practitioners from various regions of the Americas who have extensive experience using ICT for various aspects of development and scientific advancement. The key objectives is to share practical strategies for knowledge and community building using appropriate technology, and to exchange lessons on bridging “expert” and “lay” knowledge in the local as well as the global context.
Carr, Leslie. "Linking knowledge in an open access environment: the promises of the sematic web." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Open Access, the movement to make scholarly and scientific information openly available, has become a prominent idea in recent years, spawning efforts to revise the publishing industry and to establish public archives of research material. In 1937 the English scholar H G Wells (best known for his science fiction stories like The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine) declared that there was no practical obstacle to the formation of a collection of the whole world’s published knowledge in microfilm to render it universally accessible. Less than a decade later Vannevar Bush (Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development, USA) proposed a similar system that would help researchers to capitalise on such universal access by adding mechanisms that would later come to inspire hypertext links. Neither proposal was developed into a product, but they demonstrate the drive for Open Access on a global scope stretching back over sixty years, predating not just the World Wide Web and the Internet but the digital computer as well. They expose the maturity of the need for a system to augment the publishing process and its familiar artefacts to assist scientists and to make their work more effective. The accepted role of scientific and scholarly publication is to record research activity in a timely fashion, keeping others in the research community up-to-date with current developments. Until very recently, it has been the case that printed journals were the most efficient method for the dissemination and archival of research results. Technical advances in the past two decades have allowed the process of scholarly communication to take other forms, particularly in the dissemination of articles via the World Wide Web. The scientific process critically depends on dissemination – on the exposure of the work to other scientists who can validate, replicate and build on the work as it has been communicated in a research article. Access to these articles (representing the work of other scientists) is important to me because it informs the work that I wish to undertake. Conversely, my access to the other scientists’ work is important to them because it signifies the impact of their work (as eventually evidenced by a citation of their article). Hence improving access (the objective of the Open Access movement) inevitably improves impact – the observed influence of the work (the basis of a scientist’s promotion and career advancement) and ultimately the advancement of science. The effect of facilitating access does not end with scientists reading more; providing open access to scientific information allows new kinds of interaction and engagement with the literature. At their most basic, services can collect and aggregate the literature providing global access. By examining the full texts they can provide search engines and undertake categorisation and classification. More sophisticated services extract citations from each article to enable ranking and co-citation community mapping.
Pereira, Teresa, and Ana Alice Baptista. "Navigation, linking and browsing through the RDF metadata base in the Omnipaper project." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Information Society Technologies (IST) funded Omnipaper project, proposes to investigate efficient ways to enable an access to distributed, and heterogeneous digital news archives through the use of state-of-the-art technologies such as RDF, and XTM. In the Omnipaper project we intend to achieve the implementation of a final prototype that enables users (professional journalists and occasional users) to have simultaneous and structured access to the articles of a large number of digital European news providers. This paper proposes to describe the work developed in the Omnipaper RDF prototype focusing the use of the IPTC Subject Codes in order to incorporate a semantically enriched navigation layer onto an RDF/XML metadata descriptions developed in the RDF prototype.

Canhos, Vanderlei Perez, Dora Canhos, and Sidnei de Souza. "Networking Biological Diversity Information: Linking Local to Global Efforts." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Biodiversity information is critical to a wide range of scientific, educational and governmental uses, and is essential for decision making. Most of the biodiversity information is neither readily available nor accessible.
Gottschalg-Duque, Cláudio, and Henning Lobin. "Ontology extraction for index generation." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The administration of electronic publication in the Information Era congregates old and new problems, especially those related with Information Retrieval and Automatic Knowledge Extraction. This article presents an Information Retrieval System that uses Natural Language Processing and Ontology to index collection’s texts. We describe a system that constructs a domain specific ontology, starting from the syntactic and semantic analyses of the texts that compose the collection. First the texts are tokenized, then a robust syntactic analysis is made, subsequently the semantic analysis is accomplished in conformity with a metalanguage of knowledge representation, based on a basic ontology composed of 47 classes. The ontology, automatically extracted, generates richer domain specific knowledge. It propitiates, through its semantic net, the right conditions for the user to find with larger efficiency and agility the terms adapted for the consultation to the texts. A prototype of this system was built and used for the indexation of a collection of 221 electronic texts of Information Science written in Portuguese from Brazil. Instead of being based in statistical theories, we propose a robust Information Retrieval System that uses cognitive theories, allowing a larger efficiency in the answer to the users’ queries.

Chan, Leslie. "Participation in the Global Knowledge Commons - Challenges and Opportunities for Libraries and Publishers in Developing Countries." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Due to increasing Internet connectivity, developing countries are now getting access to scholarly and scientific publications and resources at a level that is unmatched historically. This is a significant development, particularly in areas of medical, agricultural, environmental sciences and development literature that are much needed if developing countries are to meet the Millennium Development Goals. Another significant development is the open access movement and the growing number of OAI compliant institutional repositories that promise to provide even greater access to resources that are otherwise inaccessible before. At the same time, these low cost technology and interoperability standards are providing great opportunities for libraries and publishers in developing countries to disseminate local research and knowledge. This presentation reviews these recent trends, discusses their significance for libraries in developing countries, and provides suggestions for researchers and information professionl in developing countries on how to actively participate in and contribute to the global knowledge commons.
Teixeira, Cláudio, Johnny Santos, Joaquim Sousa Pinto, and Joaquim Arnaldo Martins. "Portuguese e-government initiatives: villages, towns, cities and the constitutions." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Traditionally, the interaction between government agencies and citizens or companies was made in governmental buildings, where a public employee receives all the requests. This scenario is gradually changing and evolving because of the rapid growth of use of new communication technologies. Thanks to this, the government-citizens interaction has been moving to considerably closer to the citizen, and sometimes it takes place on his home or working place via his personal computer and the internet. This paper explains two initiative of the Portuguese government in shortenning the distance between the government and the citizens: allowing a fast access to information on parliamentary initiatives that concern the creating, changing or extinguishing villages, towns, cities, districts or other administrative areas, and enabling the consulting of the current Portuguese Constitution online, with the possibility to navigate within their reviews, enabling the consult of every article that is (or was) active at a given time. The focus of this paper is implementation issues on both initiatives, from the projects specifications until their delivery to the Portuguese Parliament.

Soergel, Dagobert. "Put the digital into digital publishing." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Much digital publishing is limited to convenient distribution of what are in effect fixed paper documents. While this is useful, the new medium can do so much more; we should exploit these possibilities. These remarks present a kaleidoscope of ideas, none of which individually are new but that might collectively define a new paradigm.
Cetto, Ana Maria, and Jose Octavio Al Gamboa. "Putting Local Knowledge Online: does it become international?" In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Access to scientific information and knowledge in the framework of the Internet has steadily grown in recent years, with special advantages for the information generated in developed countries. In other parts of the world a number of factors are influencing the capacity to generate and use scientific information online, i.a. connectivity problems, lack of financial resources, weak institutional support and infrastructure, and poor training in the electronic publishing and dissemination tools. Latin America (including the Caribbean) has been relatively slow in adopting the Internet: our users represent today 3.6% of the world’s total, against 36.9% from North America, 30% from Europe and 27% from Asia and the Pacific. The Internet infrastructure shows even lower figures: only 1.6% of the world’s total corresponds to Latin America, with 2.4% of the domains. As a result, only 3% of webpages offer contents in Spanish and 1% in Portuguese, against 75% in English. Against this background, it should be noted that also in Latin America, universities and higher education institutions, as well as national research councils, are active promoters of the web as an ideal means to put local information and knowledge online. Is this purpose being successfully achieved? In partial answer to this question; the present paper refers to a specific experience that has developed on the basis of regional cooperation among national institutions involved in scientific publishing.
Bax, Marcello. "RDF Applications in Digital Library." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Despite the dissemination of user-friendly search engines which allow for the retrieval of scientific information in computer networks, researchers do not always obtain expected results in a simple and efficient manner. There is increasingly evidence that the scientific community, in particular Social and Humanities researchers, finds it difficult to accurately retrieve their information requirements through the Web. Some of the difficulties are magnified by the fact that the Web organization is not based on commonly adopted standards. Therefore one needs to gather, organize and better disseminate the freely available scientific information on the Web through the use of open standards in digital libraries. Resource Description Framework (RDF) is one important standard from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). In our talk we introduce some of the standards aiming to better understand how digital library could benefits from them.
Thys, Sebastien, Bert Paepen, and Jan Engelen. "Refining search queries with svg graphics in the omnipaper project." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

The IST-funded European project OmniPaper is investigating techniques to obtain a novel online news experience. These include XML- and Artificial Intelligence related technologies. The OmniPaper architecture starts from distributed news archives, all within different operating environments, database formats and indexing mechanisms. SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is used to create a uniform access method to these archives. Rich indexing and meta-data structures, such as Topic Maps, make intelligent search possible. A cross-archive intelligent index (or ‘knowledge layer’) contains concepts, relationships between them and occurrences (articles) in different languages. The actual OmniPaper prototype gives the user a graphical relational view on concepts relevant to the current query. The relation view is a representation of a small piece of the web of concepts. Using this highly interactive view, the user can refocus his query using different word senses of the query keywords. This allows the user to redefine/refine his query if one of the query keywords has different possible meanings (e.g. bank as a financial institution or as a piece of furniture). The relational view allows the user to navigate between different concepts relevant to the query.

Rodrigues, Eloy, Ana Alice Baptista, Isabel Ramos, and Maria Fernanda S. Souza. "RepositóriUM: implementing DSpace in Portuguese - lessons for the future and research pathways." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

In this paper we describe the implementation of the Minho University (UMinho) Institutional Repository (RepositóriUM), Portugal. UMinho translated and has been using the first Portuguese version of DSpace, an Open Source software system developed in a partnership of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Hewlett-Packard (HP). The five phases established for the implementation plan are pointed out in this work (1. installation, translation, and configuration; 2. upload of thesis and dissertations; 3. establishment of pilot communities; 4. making the repository public, and 5. opening to the overall UMinho community), as well as, the reasons that led to the choice of the six pilot communities of different areas of knowledge (Information Systems; Polymers Engineering; Biological Engineering; Management, and one from the Humanities and another from the Social Sciences areas) to participate in this implementation period. In this paper we wish to share the lessons learnt, and the pathways for research, in particular for cross-cultural research, according to some questions and observations obtained during the first 10 months of experience. With this information as a background, some research pathways have been identified and are starting to be further developed in the context of MSc or PhD research at UMinho.

Gomes, Suely, and Suzana Pinheiro M. Mueller. "Rethinking electronic journals: exploring the flexibility and duality of technology." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This study analyses the appropriation process of electronic journals by academics at three Brazilian post graduation research programs (Master and Doctoral). The objective is to understand the internal structure of technological practices in the context of potential users, exploring two main characteristics of the appropriation process: the duality and the flexibility of technology. The technological structuring model, proposed by Orlikowsky was expanded to verify the relationship between electronic journals and scientific communities. Results reveal electronic journals as both product of and medium for human action. As a product, technology only comes into existence through creative human action. It has no meaning until given meaning through manipulation; as a medium, technology promotes certain types of work and constrains others (duality). When interacting with electronic journals, academics showed to be influenced by the institutional properties of their setting. They based their action on existing stocks of knowledge and resources and norms to perform their work. As such, electronic journals are products of the organisational context, and will reflect the knowledge, materials, interest, and conditions present at a given locus. Electronic journals are flexible in the sense that they allow more than one interpretation. i.e., their concept vary according to the individual conditions of interaction.

Gonzalez, Guillermo Julio Padr. "Scientific electronic publishing in Cuba: a challenge that turned into a win." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. In 1992 Cuba was in its worst financial and economical crisis, which made it impossible to provide all Cuban hospitals and clinics even with international specialty journals. As an alternative it was decided to explore the possibilities electronic publishing could provide to alleviate this tough situation. As a response Infomed was born (http://www.sld.cu). Infomed is the national telematic network of the Public Health System in Cuba, based on a human knowledge network for health improvement. Its mission is to promote the high quality health care, education, research, and management by using the best available technologies. Moreover, Infomed integrates the Cuban Public Health System with the global network of health information. The action plan was to set up an integrated network of accessible health information in Cuba, based on new information technologies; to interconnect the most important Cuban health institutions and to connect them with Internet; to develop added value services in public health; and to integrate the Cuban public health experiences and results with the global electronic networks.
Guskov, Andrey, Yurii Molorodov, and Vladimir Shraibman. "SMART: an approach for information systems development on the basis of RDFtechnology." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper introduces a new technology of information systems creation based on the declarative descriptions of document collections in RDF. This approach is intended to improve the quality of information published on Web and the interaction between various web-applications. In this framework a model of the document generation is presented, a pictorial example is provided. The benefits and disadvantages of this technology in comparison with traditional XML-based approaches are discussed.

Marcondes, Carlos Henrique, and Luiz Sayão. "State-of-the-art of Brazilian e-journals in science and technology." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper reports partial results of a research project, sponsored by CNPq – the Brazilian Council for the Development of Science and Technology -, grant number 550693/2002-5, for the period of 2003/2006. It aims to develop a comprehensive framework of the Brazilian electronic journals in Science and Technology situation. With the facilities for web publishing electronic journals, the first difficulty faced by the research was to identify the majority of the Brazilian ejournals in Science and Technology, due to the lack of a centralized bibliographic control information resource. An extensive research on the Web had to be done in order to map Web sites of ejournals. Besides the use of bibliographic control devices like the SciELO portal (http://www.scielo.br), which holds a collection of more than 100 ejournals, and LatinIndex portal (http://www.latindex.org), with more than 300 ejournals - including those held by SciELO -, Google and AltaVista search engines were used to identify the sites of Brazilian ejournals.. Queries were submitted to those search engines like “Brazilian Journal of”, “Brazilian Archives of” etc, to identify additional ejournal sites. In each site, information about each ejournal was gathered, and stored in a database, according to its knowledge field, the kind editor, publication currency, technological aspects such as electronic text formats used, availability of a site search engine, if the ejournal belongs to a portal. The universe of Brazilian ejournal seems segmented. It varies from high quality and consolidated ejournals — which are originated from printed journals and are published by high-tech portals like SciELO —, to emerging ones — without printed version, recently set up ejournals-, produced by research groups which could take the benefits of the facilities of publishing in an university or research institute web servers; this universe also encompass different knowledge fields, with predominance of ejournals in health and biological sciences. After this initial phase, a qualitative research had to be carried out, based in questionnaires sent to the ejournals editors by email. Questionnaires were sent to each specific segment of the Brazilian ejournals universe. Questionnaires asked for information relative to ejournal business model, difficulties to maintain the currency of the ejournal, existence of long term preservation policies, use of metadata standards, troubles faced at the set up of an ejournal. All this information is being compared with the Brazilian public policies relative to information in Science and Technology.

Carr, Leslie. "Technical advances in scientific and scholarly publication." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. The accepted role of scientific and scholarly publication is to record research activity in a timely fashion, keeping others in the research community up-to-date with current developments. Until very recently, it has been the case that printed journals were the most efficient method for the dissemination and archival of research results. Technical advances in the past decade have allowed the process of scholarly communication to take other forms, particularly in the dissemination and storage of articles via the World Wide Web. Developed at CERN to facilitate “instantaneous information sharing between physicists working in different universities and institutes all over the world” it gave publishers a new medium for making their journal archives available (Hitchcock et al. 1996). It also gave authors the means to break the so-called “Faustian bargain” and directly distribute their articles in pre- or post-publication form from their own Web pages (Harnad 1995) or in organised “eprint archives” (Ginsparg 1996). It was not only the technical advance provided by the printing press in the late 15th century but the emergence of a reliable postal system and the development of the experimental method in the 16th century that led to the production of the first Scientific Journal in 1665 (Schaffner 1994). In the 21st Century, it may not be simply the technical ability to reproduce and distribute articles electronically (epublishing), but also the pressure to develop collaborative, large-scale investigations and analyses (e-science) that leads to significant change in the field of scientific communication and significant changes in the way such communications are produced, curated and disseminated (Lucier 1990).
Carr, Leslie, Leslie Chan, and Jen Sweezie. "THE CONTRIBUTION OF OPEN ARCHIVES INITIATIVES AND INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF KNOWLEDGE." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. Open access refers to peer-reviewed scientific and scholarly literature that are made available online to readers without access or restrictive barriers. The purpose of this workshop is to provide an in-depth look at one of the most immediate and cost-effective routes of providing open access to the literature, namely institutional self-archiving.
Krottmaier, Harald. "The need for sharing user-profiles in digital libraries." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Personalization was a hype in the late 1990s. Several organizations offered (and are still offering) personalization services for their customers. From e-commerce applications we know that people are willing to provide their names and other personal data if they know exactly how this information is used. Many of us are using different Digital Libraries on a regular basis. If our interests change, we have to update all profiles stored at these different server systems. This task is time consuming and error prone. Since there is no single Digital Library which covers all information-resources a user needs, there is a need to exchange personal data (especially personal interests). In this article we will show that user-profiles are important to satisfy users’ needs, which information about users should be stored in profiles. Just parts of the profile must be shared with other service providers. It will be shown, that it is not possible to predict usage of properties. Therefore the user itself must decide which properties may be shared with others and which properties should not be accessible by certain services.

Kokabi, Mortaza. "THE PROBLEMS OF DESKTOP INDEXING OF A BOOK TRANSLATED INTO A NON-ROMAN SCRIPT: DESCRIPTION OF A REAL EXPERIENCE." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

Zarnegar (gold writer) is a word processor widely used by publishers of both scholarly journals and books in Iran. Although it is gradually substituted by Word for Windows that is much more powerful than Zarnegar, the process seems to be slow and most Iranian publishers still prefer to receive manuscripts in Zarnegar than Word. There are many reasons for this preference: Word, though having many great features such as compatibility with other Windows applications and especially with Word Wide Web (WWW) is poor in terms of Farsi, the official language of Iran. The main reason for this poorness is that Farsi versions of Word are in fact Arabic versions. Zarnegar has been developed by Iranians familiar with Farsi script and acts more conveniently than Word in Farsi writing. The fonts employed in Zarnegar are mostly Farsi and seem to be more beautiful than Word due to the tradition of calligraphy among Iranians. Some fonts in Word employ Arabic letters that are not used in Farsi. This feature is of much dislike between Iranians using it. The author, when finished translating an English book into Farsi, confronted some problems when trying to prepare the index to the book. When providing an index to a translated book, the logical criterion to select the entries of the translated index is to base them on the entries of the original language index. Therefore, the entries of the original index were translated, and then rearranged in Farsi alphabet in another file When the task of allocating the page numbers to Farsi entries began by using the “Find” option under the “Edit” menu in Zarnegar, the different equivalents selected in each chapter for a single concept and not found totally by searching under the same term, showed up as the first major problem. The second major problem encountered was the similarity between the concepts used both in a very specific sense as well a general sense. The latter increased irrationally the number of pages containing some entries. Since the book translated was on the theoretical as well as practical aspects of library services, the word “use” was an example of problems caused by the similarity of words that have both specific and general meanings in library and information science context. Some suggestions are provided in the article as to how to start the task of translating the book by first translating the index into Farsi, providing an English-Farsi dictionary as well as a Farsi-English one for frequent reference to them in order to find selected equivalents, how to allocate page numbers while using the Farsi-English dictionary to provide the final Farsi index and how to overcome the problems mentioned above.

Soergel, Dagobert. "The role of thesauri and ontologies for improving knowledge retrieval from web applications." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. This workshop will first review the structure of thesauri and ontologies: - facets - hierarchy - richer relationships. Next, it will give several examples how thesauri and ontologies using richer relationships can be used to improve retrieval of documents and data on the Web. It will then show how to efficiently transform a conventional thesaurus into an ontology. At the end there will be time for participants to present problems of knowledge retrieval from their own Web sites, and the group will discuss possible solutions. REFERENCES http:// jodi.ecs.soton.ac.uk/Articles/v04/i04/Soergel/ http://www.dsoergel.com/cv/B63.html http:// www.dsoergel.com/cv/B84.html www.dsoergel.com/cv/B82.pp www.dsoergel.com/cv/ SALIS2004b.ppt
Oliveira, Edgard Costa. "Towards a new authoring environment: overview of some ontology based systems." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

This paper presents some requirements for a new ontology-based authoring environment. By analyzing some systems that use ontologies for several tasks, we identified some features and purposes and showed how they can contribute to help define a new authoring environment based on ontologies to represent information before a document is published. The systems analysed fulfil specific tasks such as semantic annotation, visualization, document review and argumentation, information extraction and text engineering. By identifying some key features, it was clear that none of the tools could deliver the solution as a whole, but the integration of similar purpose tools into an interoperable environment can be a great contribution to ontology-based authoring environments. Even though Semantic Web technologies have revealed a trend in the use of ontologies for information processing, yet substantial work needs to be done to gather these initiatives in order to build an interoperable new authoring environment that takes advantage of present and new technologies.

Teixeira, Maria Cecilia, Davide Vaccari, Marco Sangalli, and Juergen Schwietering. "V-CHAT - Versatile Chat." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004. We focus our research on text based messaging systems and the impact they have when they are implemented in a work structure and how this kind of software can improve workflow and interaction between firms and clients both in B2B and B2C relations. In recent years many online text chat systems have been developed and use. Internet Relay Chat or IRC, ICQ, AOL and MSN are some examples of the most popular tools for real-time communications via the Internet and have been used both for doing serious work, decision making and for entertainment purpose. Messaging programs tend to imitate each other and they imitate other chat programs either. Each new release simply adds new features that keep the use of this software nothing but a cheaper alternative to phone. Nowadays Instant Messaging, chat system and video conference software must evolve and specialize into something more flexible, sophisticated and secure.
Dygert, Claire. "What academic libraries need from e-publishers." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

While electronic publications can greatly increase a university community’s access to information, they also pose many challenges to the libraries charged with collecting and managing them. In the print environment, libraries purchase and own content in perpetuity, while in the electronic environment, they generally lease access to content for limited time periods on a subscription basis. This paradigm shift, often referred to as the “ownership vs. access” model, has profound consequences. The leasing of information is frequently governed by a license agreement entered into by the library and a publisher or vendor. As license agreements are contracts, and, in the United States contract law supersedes existing law such as U.S. Copyright Law, license agreements have the power to undo a user community’s rights to use information in ways long assumed in the print environment. Publishers and libraries must work together to negotiate agreements that benefit both. Beyond the development of fair license agreements, e-publishers wanting to market to academic libraries should design their products in ways that allow them to be easily integrated into a libraries greater e-collection and infrastructure. Today, many libraries are implementing products that integrate their individual esubscriptions, allowing interlinking of abstracting and indexing databases with full-text sources, and providing the ability to search across multiple databases simultaneously. Publishers must also work collaboratively with libraries to address the issue of archiving in the electronic environment. The libraries role to continue to collect and preserve the history of our society is uncertain in the digital world, where most libraries are as yet unprepared and unequipped to systematically handle large volumes of electronic content. Even where they are able to do so, the contracts governing use of electronically published materials frequently forbid libraries from duplicating their content for archival purposes. For usability, e-publications need to be designed with levels of granularity that provide the ability to link directly to the article level in journals is essential. Article level linking is necessary for libraries to effectively integrate various systems via link-resolvers and course management software. Both publishers and libraries need to be able to collect information about the use of their e-content, so the development of standards for usage statistics must be achieved. In order to manage their e-collections, libraries need to be able to collect usage statistics, just as they collect and analyze circulation statistics for their print collections. A new international Code of Practice, developed by COUNTER, is gaining wide international support by librarians and e-publishers, as well as they professional organizations, and libraries are increasingly asking their e-publishers to be COUNTER compliant.

Guillem, Carlos. "“Intelligent newspaper” with “MyCover”." In Building Digital Bridges: Linking Cultures, Commerce and Science: Proceedings of the 8th ICCC/IFIP International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Brasília - DF, Brazil: Universidade de Brasília, 2004.

In this presentation are explained, the reasons (increase the users subscribed to a newspaper), the definition of the road to be followed (personalisation of content), the means to achieve this with a print newspaper (use of PDFs on the Web), the technical processes involved (documentary, relational and PDF repository data bases), and the important marketing data obtained along the lines of “marketing-driven journalism”.