Keywords Abstract
Benedetto, Benedetti, and Maria Emilia Masci. "A New Project for the WEB-site of the Archaeological Superintendence of Pompeii (SAP)." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. • Analysis of the Pompeii’s Superintendence existing Website;• The project: integrating and publishing digital resources in a renewed Website for the SAP;• Description of the resources to be integrated (Pompeii’s GIS, SIAV Archive, The ‘Fortuna visiva’ of Pompeii Project);• The ‘Fortuna visiva’ of Pompeii Project: a case of integration and interoperability with other digital resources on the Cultural Heritage in the BRIKS Project;• The Project for the Italian Portal of the Culture: another example for the publication and integration of digital resources;• Conclusions: some possible solutions and applications for the SAP Website. Metadata harvesting, developing of standard proposals, XML applications.
Nieuwenhuysen, Paul, Gerrit Allewaeters, and Stefaan Renard. "A New Role of Libraries and Information Centers: Integrating Access to Distributed Electronic Publications." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This contribution outlines some new challenges that are faced by libraries and information centers and that are caused by the proliferation of heterogeneous electronic publications accessible through the Internet and the WWW. Methods based on information and communication technology are developed worldwide to cope with these challenges. Some of these are presented with their advantages and disadvantages. The approaches and realizations made in the library of the organization of the authors can serve as a concrete existing example. Access to the electronic sources should ideally be offered integrated seamlessly with the more classical access to hard copy materials in the collection of the library or in collections elsewhere through interlibrary lending and document supply. Offering links that are appropriate for the local user can be achieved through an OpenURL link generator. A recent focus of attention is integration of sources to which access has been purchased by the library with electronic open access information sources that are in principle available even without the efforts of a library. These library services can provide added value in various ways, when users apply this system in their searches for information.
Berisha-Bohé, Suela, Beatrice Rumpler, and Rocio Abascal. "A Semantic Structure to Improve Information Retrieval Using XML." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

Nowadays the information stored in the digital libraries is not completely described, so this information is not really used. The description of information by using metadata seems a good solution to permit the users to find pertinent information. Our proposal is based on the creation and the insertion of new metadata within the document as « semantic tags ». These metadata can describe, in our case, the doctoral theses, by taking advantage of XML technology to structure digital documents.

Hansson, Peter, Ronnie Kolehmainen, and Eva Müller. "Access to the Documents in the Long Term. Resolution Service for Resolution of Persistent Identifiers." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Persistent Identifiers are important conditions for an efficient management of digital resources and trustworthy access to electronic documents now and in the more distant future. At present several services have been established. Though, only a few of these services support access to the actual documents in the long term. In our demo we introduce a service which is based on the use of National Bibliographic Number as Persistent Identifier scheme. This service is integrated in the archiving workflow between institutional repositories and archives for long-term preservation. The first prototype of the resolution service was developed within the DiVA project and was put into operation in October 2002. The DiVA project identified some basic requirements for the application of Persistent Identifiers and URN:NBN was found to be the best choice. The requirements included that the Persistent Identifiers system should be non proprietary, be easily administrated and maintained and should be associated with a preservation version of the object. Additionally the system should be low-cost and possible to integrate in automated workflows. Based on the experiences from the prototype it was decided to develop the Resolution Service further. This has been done within two succeeding projects: SVEP, which is funded by the “Royal Library’s Department for National Co-ordination and Development” (BIBSAM), and within the project “Access to Documents. Now and in the Future”, a cooperation between universities and national libraries in the Nordic region funded by The Nordic Council for Scientific Information (NORDINFO). Within the first project, a format including all necessary metadata of the digital object, such as identifier and location mappings were developed and finally established as a recommendation. Also, support for harvesting data at scheduled time intervals, as well as from multiple repositories, was added. The harvesting model used makes the updating of the mapping registry very reliable and relatively straightforward and simple. A step towards internationalization was taken by introducing multilingual html templates. These are used to build up the presentation layer of the Resolution Service. During the time of the second project, the Resolution Service was fully internationalized. Support for resolving identifiers not known by the local service was added with the help of reading data from a centralized routing table. Administrative tools were also developed to make the maintenance of the locally installed Resolution Service an easy task. The application – Resolution Service - is available under an open source license and is currently used in several Nordic countries. As a complement to this demo, a poster will be available which illustrates a complete infrastructure for long-term preservation. It enables the access of electronically published documents in a long-term perspective, with the Resolution Service as a fundamental component.
Ikonomov, Nikola, and Milena Dobreva. "All for One, One for All." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper starts with presentation of the project “Knowledge Transfer for the Digitisation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage in Bulgaria” supported by the Marie Curie Programme of the EC and coordinated by the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia. It then describes the key areas of work in the first project year, including some faced problems and applied solutions. As a more detailed case it presents the setting for digitization of mathematical publications in Bulgaria, which should give the start of the BulDML (Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library) project. The paper is targeted to colleagues who also work on academic projects within the field of digital preservation of and access to cultural and scientific heritage, and especially to those who work on mathematical publications.
Oliveira, Miguel, Pedro Beça, Augusto Coelho, Sara Petiz, Alexandre Sousa, Fátima Pais, and Manuel de Oliveir A. Duarte. "Aprend.E – Electronic Integrated System for Learning and Training." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This abstract presents Aprend.E—Electronic Integrated System for Learning and Training of High School Aveiro Norte, a new challenge of the University of Aveiro for professional training and long life training. It describes the motivation that induced its implementation, advantages for students, teachers and for all those whom the system serves.
Basevi, Teresa. "BDJur Consortium–Juridical Digital Library: Implementing DSpace in the Brazilian Judiciary." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

This paper describes the implementation plan of BDJur Consortium – Juridical Digital Library. The goal of this project was to create a juridical information network, with digital repositories and full text documents, linking the Brazilian Judiciary. The seven phases established are pointed out in this work (1. preliminary studies and evaluation of the open sources platforms; 2. installation, translation and configuration; 3. establishment of the communities; 4. upload of documents; 5. integrating the Brazilian Judiciary agencies; 6. installation of the PKP Harvester; and 7. opening to the overall community), as well as the reasons that led to the creation of this consortium and the benefits expected. We wish to share the strategy adopted and the problems faced for the implantation. The Superior Court of Justice wants to create a tool and offer to society an Open Access contribution to Juridical Knowledge.

Costa, Sely, and Ana Paula Desudará. "Brazilian Open Archives Initiatives: an Apparent Contagious Influence of ElPub Conferences and the Definite Political Role of IBICT." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. There is a world-wide tendency towards an “open access philosophy” and the adoption of OAI facilities everywhere, including developing countries. We present a case study on how Brazilian academic institutions such as universities and research institutes have responded to this global movement towards OAI This paper reports the results of the first phase of a three-year, cross-sectional study into the growth of OAI systems in a developing country, Brazil. The study looked at four kinds of initiatives with the OAI-PMH protocol, namely, authors’ independent/direct self-archiving, institutional repositories, electronic journals and electronic conference proceedings. Results of the study showed that there are 24 institutions that have implemented one or more kinds of OAI in Brazil. All four types of initiatives have been implemented in the country, mostly within university environments. Compared to other countries, the initiatives identified still represents a slow response of the country, considering what has been observed in other regions world-wide. Initial observations of the OAI in Brazil point to an influence of the participation of Brazilian decision makers in the ElPub conferences over the last two or three years, in most of the initiatives identified. Likewise, IBICT’s (Brazilian Institute for Information on Science and technology) policy, has made and will continue to make a significant contribution to making the promise of open access come true in Brazil.
Crombie, David, Roger Lenoir, and Neil McKenzie. "Building New Markets with Accessible Information Processing." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper addresses the need for accessible solutions to be built into the information processing supply chains used by publishers and content providers. This includes a description of Accessible Information Processing, a concept new to many people at different stages of the supply chains in question. Given the differences between the traditional approach to accessibility and the wider view outlined in the previous paragraph, we are in something of a transitional phase at this time. An approach that aims to unify 'common' content, system, service and tool provision and the more 'specialised' content, system, service and tool provision, can be called Accessible Information Processing (AIP).
Moens, Marie-Francine. "Combining Structured and Unstructured Information in a Retrieval Model for Accessing Legislation." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Legal information is often accessible via portal web sites. Legal documents typically combine structured and unstructured information, the former being tagged with markup languages such as XML (Extensible Markup Language). Current information retrieval research takes into account the structured information content of documents when computing the relevance ranking. Such an approach is very promising for the retrieval of legal documents. This is illustrated with two retrieval models specifically designed for the retrieval of legislation.
Barbieri, Timothy, Licia Sbattella, Antonio Bianchi, Ferdinando Carella, and Marco Ferra. "Creating and Managing Electronic Content for Automatic Adaptation to the Reader’s Profile: the Experience of Project MultiAbile for the Inclusion of Impaired e-Learners." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Project MultiAbile (http://www.multiabile.it) is an ongoing research and implementation effort to create a distance learning environment dedicated to the general public and to impaired people, offering a range of different channels and modalities to access the content and to study it. Some of the different modalities to access the content are: improved accessibility for screen readers; dynamic transcoding to synthesized speech over the telephone, with a dialogue-based navigation within the content; sound/tactile description of images (e.g. cartographic data) using force-feedback mice or pads. The content is also offered in two different textual versions, an original version and a re-processed version, in order to obtain high readability and understandability. The edited version is created in a way that only words from a basic dictionary are used (the Italian “Vocabolario di Base”), and the text is processed in order to obtain a high GULPEase index (an index of complexity in the structure of text). Users can describe their “profile” – whether they use a screen reader, or prefer to have a dialogue-based navigation, or if they prefer a simplified version of the text before confronting themselves with the original version. The user profile is used to dynamically adapt the content to the user, facilitating user access to it.In order to encompass the variety of channels and modality with which the user can “read” content in the platform, we devised a metadata schema with which organize the elements of the provided content, and a creation and editing workflow to process the content before publication in the learning environment. The resulting content is also structured in a way to be compliant to SCORM standards, so it is viable to process for multichannel and multimodal access also pre-existing SCORM contents. In the paper we describe the general data structure devised within the project to accommodate the different access modalities to the content, and to allow the user to access and read it dynamically according to his/her profile. We explain how this structure impacts on the workflow of creating and editing of the content, or of repurposing and adapting pre-existing content in SCORM-compliant format. As a conclusion, we advocate that this workflow and content structure can pave the way to the offering of the same content to different channels and with different modalities (including emerging channels, such as Digital TV, and specific modalities, like for example automatic rendition to sign language), limiting the effort of repurposing the content by means of automatic transcoding and transformation algorithms.
Ogrin, Matija, and Tomaz Erjavec. "Digital Critical Editions of Slovenian Literature: an Application of Collaborative Work Using Open Standards." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper outlines the methodology used to present Slovenian literary texts and documents in critical e-editions. The encoding and linking of the several forms of the text in one single edition was subject to strict editorial standards. The result is that every part of the text can be seen in juxtaposition of three different perspectives: facsimile, diplomatic transcription and critical transcription. The preparation of these complex electronic editions involves up-translating the source materials into a canonical, standardized edition employing XML and the Text Encoding Initiative Guidelines, and down-translating this storage format into the HTML Web presentation. This workflow depends on the use of open standards and intense collaboration between the content and technology providers. We also present the e-editions currently available on the Web and discuss further work planned in the project, esp. the introduction of language technology into the publication process.
Beckers, Filip. "Digitalized Newspaper Archive of the "Het Belang van Limburg"." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Concentra Media and its newspaper Het Belang van Limburg celebrated their 125th anniversary in 2004. As Het Belang van Limburg was never archived on microfilm, the company decided to digitalize the editions of 125 years that were available in 620 bound books and counted for 520.000 newspaper-pages going back to 1879, to avoid a further deterioration of the unique copies while using them for searches. Concentra Media found a technical partner in its former 100 % subsidiary Host-It [now Cegeka], together with a Dutch partner X-Cago.
Müller, Eva, Frida Sandgren, Stefan Andersson, Uwe Klosa, and Peter Hansson. "DiVA Publishing System. The Community Source Development Approach." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. In this paper we give an introduction to the DiVA publishing system developed at Uppsala University Library, focusing on present functionality and ongoing development activities. We want to share our experiences of a community’s collaborative system development approach. Our intention is to contribute to understanding the advantages of a community system development and the necessary organizational framework to support it. The DiVA project provides a good example of how electronic publishing is possible to carry out within a university library organisation and how a strategy of collaborative development between a number of institutions can work in practice.
Vaagan, Robert W.. "Documenting Norwegian Scholarly Publishing." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. From 2005-2006, scholarly publishing, including e-publishing, becomes one of several criteria used by The Ministry of Education and Science in financing research in Norwegian universities and colleges. Based on qualitative methodology and critical case sampling of recent Norwegian policy documents and reports, combined with typical case sampling of articles on e-publishing 2000-2005, especially from D-Lib magazine (Patton, 2002; Hawkins, 2001), the article discusses trends in Norwegian scholarly publishing. Key issues include institutional self archiving repositories, OA, online peer-review systems, DRM, author payment, information ethics and institutional and governmental policies on e-publishing. The article concludes that increased institutional and governmental commitment to e-publishing are necessary, especially government willingness to adequately finance The Norwegian Digital Library.
Jezek, Karel, and Michal Toman. "Documents Categorization in Multilingual Environment." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper deals with various methods for multilingual document categorization and informs about the results of experiments in which EuroWordNet (EWN) plays the central role and serves as a fundamental problem solving tool. We describe both the algorithmic principles and the methodologies used in our classification system and consequently prove their functionality by experimental results. The aim of experiments was to verify the impact of multilingual collection on the quality of categorization and also find how thesaurus can be used to improve the classification and how the use of multilingual thesaurus can generalize monolingual version of categorization.
Blagojevic, Dragan, Žarko Mijajlovic, and Zoran Ognjanovic. "ELECTRONIC EDITIONS OF MATHEMATICAL WORKS IN SERBIA." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper describes two ongoing projects carried out by the Mathematical Institute of Serbian Academy of Science and Arts, Belgrade and the Faculty of Mathematics, Belgrade. The projects concern building of electronic resources and presentations of electronic editions of mathematical works in Serbia. The first project is related to retro digitization of old books, articles and the other mathematical works and development of the corresponding virtual library. In the second project a database and www-presentations of some Serbian mathematical journals were created. The resources built in the projects are freely accessible through Internet. These projects are included in a recent initiative on the foundation and development of the National Center for Digitization.
Vieira, Lise. "Electronic Publishers: Innovation and Evolution. New Challenges in the European Context." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

European publishing is developing in a highly competitive international environment. What innovating strategies should be adopted by those publishers who are concerned with maintaining the interest of their public and who wish to inject a new dynamism into their business operations? We shall evoke the principal theories of innovation to see how they can be applied to this particular subject. Firstly, the paper summarises the European political and economic contexts for electronic publishing. Secondly, it examines the factors that contribute to the publisher’s expertise and then looks at different strategic paths that combine to map out the way forward for the evolution of the publishing profession, especially in the European context. In conclusion, this paper will set out some recommendations concerning new services that could be offered by publishers to their users in order to improve the quality of their experience.

Bokan, Oliver Hopt Boža. "Electronic Publishing in the Online Journal "Forum: Qualitative Social Research" (FQS)." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. In this work we present the electronic publishing process of the Online Journal “Forum: Qualitative Social Research” (FQS). We introduce technologies and tools used to optimize the publishing process, to provide sustainability of FQS publications and to extend the communicative possibilities, but also to net the FQS with other social research internet resources and to make it accessible to other interdisciplinary groups.
Wegner, Bernd. "EMANI - LEADER AND FOLLOWER FOR THE WDML." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The rapidly growing activities in electronic publishing lead to the request to develop global repositories, which care about three fundamental activities: to collect and store the electronic material currently available, to pursue projects for solving the long-term archiving problem for this material with the ambition to preserve the content in readable form for future generations, and to capture the printed literature in digital versions providing good access and search facilities for the readers. Long-term availability of published research articles in mathematics and easy access to them is a strong need for researchers working with mathematics. The talk will describe some new developments for two main projects in this subject: the plan to develop a global World Digital Mathematical Library (WDML or DML) and the main project dealing with a coordinated archiving of digital documents in mathematics, the Electronic Mathematics Archiving Network Initiative (EMANI). For the core of the EMANI network, a co-operational system of reference libraries and content providers like publishers and editors has been be set up. Both systems share a lot of common work packages. Hence discussion in one project have impact on the other. WDML being more comprehensive integrates comments from a bigger group of mathematicians and librarians. EMANI mainly concentrates on obtaining first results for a preliminary core group. This leads to a smaller model, which is working already and may be taken by the groups promoting WDML as a start for a more comprehensive solution for installing the WDML. This report refers to the state of both projects at the end of January 2005 and describes their mutual impact.
Apps, Ann, and Ross MacIntyre. "Emerging Uses for the OpenURL Framework ." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper describes the OpenURL Framework, both the original ‘de facto’ standard version 0.1, and the NISO standard Z39.88-2004, ‘The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services’. The explanation is illustrated by examples from Zetoc, a journal article and conference paper current awareness service available in the UK. Various emerging novel uses of the OpenURL Framework are described. Evaluation studies indicate positive reader appreciation of OpenURL technology providing direct access to discovered articles.
Kahn, Paul. "ENTERPRISE INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE FOR CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The value of publishing information on the Internet is in the combination of access and connections. While many institutions began with the concept of a single web site -- a home page linked to pages organized into sections -- this model is obsolete. Most major cultural institutions have created an Enterprise Web Space, a combination of many web sites, databases, publications, special exhibitions, membership information, and related digital resources. To create effective Enterprise Web Space, we must apply information architecture principles, organizing the information we want to share in relation to the needs of our audience. The role of Information Architecture is a combination of information analysis and design, to identify and visualize structures that help users find and follow connections. This workshop will focus on examples of Enterprise Web Space from selected cultural institutions including museums, libraries, and international organizations.
Fontoura, Marcelo, Hebbertt de Farias Soares, and Elmira Simeão. "EVM.net: an Extensive Tool for Web Content Management." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. By the late 90’s Brazil experienced the “boom” of Internet although its use was restricted to the universities and large companies. In this context the Parliament of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil) has sponsored the development of a tool for publishing its contents. That tool should have some characteristics like being portable, “plug-and-play”. Responding to the demand has emerged EVM.net (acronym for modular virtual structure on the Internet), a GPL integrated solution for publishing and managing web contents. EVM.net follows a distributed information architecture, each user is responsible for maintaining his contents. The system has been conceived to be scaleable: its architecture has been planned following the metaphor of a building. The foundations contain the security tools and the persistence model, while the other stages are customized for each demand. EVM.net also contains algorithms for query optimization and phonetic search for Brazilian Portuguese. Recently the tool had been used to implement the Extensive Communication Model, which is based on interactivity, hypertextuality, and hypermediation. Currently, EVM.net is being used at many institutions like the University of Brasilia, the Federal Senate of Brazil and the Brasilia’s Federation of Industries.
Marcondes, Carlos. "From Scientific Communication to Public Knowledge: the Scientific Article Web Published as a Knowledge Base." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Linking Electronic published scientific articles to Web ontologies is a cognitive tool of which its impacts and possibilities are far from being evaluated. The objective of this research is to investigate the potential of Web published scientific articles, conceived not only as texts, but also as a machine readable knowledge base, explicitly and formally related to Web-based public ontologies, that represent the assented knowledge of a specific domain. A prospective survey is developed to identify similar proposals and innovative experiences in electronically publishing scientific articles, authoring tools and citation analysis. Scientific methodology is also reviewed looking for structural characteristics of the scientific method presented in the written text of scientific articles. Experiences in developing Markup Language for some specific areas of knowledge, such as Chemical Markup Language, Mathematics Markup Language and Biology Markup Language, are also reviewed. An electronic publishing process is outlined which would permit the electronic publishing of not only scientific articles as full-texts, but would also enables an author to formalize the “deep structure” of a scientific article, containing assumptions, hypotheses, methodology, citations, datasets used, conclusions and contributions. All these elements are published as a knowledge base, using XML language, thus outlining a Sm-ML, a Scientific methodology Markup Language. Concepts expressed in the different parts of a Scientific article are to be linked to public Web ontologies, thus enabling the establishment of a formal relationship between the Scientific article specific knowledge base to ontologies like the UMLS – the Unified Medical Language System (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheet/umls.html). The citations of an article are also be linked to the cited Web published scientific articles as qualified citations, in which the reasons to cite and the relationship between this specific scientific article and its citations are made explicit. The proposed model can enhances the scientific communication process, permitting semantic retrieval, critical inquiring, semantic citation, comparison, coherence verification and validating of a scientific article against public Web ontologies, which express the assented knowledge of a scientific area. The model was also conceived as the base for developing enhanced authoring and retrieval tools.
Gil, Rosa, Eva Rodríguez, Silvia Llorente, Rubén Barrio, and Jaime Delgado. "How to Cope with Lacking Metadata: Application of a Semantic Web Based Methodology to Get Multimedia Content Licenses." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The Web contains many digital multimedia creations prepared for being consumed by final users. Nevertheless, in many cases, these users need the appropriate rights to do so. Licenses and rights can be digitally associated to multimedia content, as well as to other metadata, like the author(s) name(s), the date where it was produced, the time when it was created, its title, the person or organisation who owns exploitation rights, etc. The aim of the work presented in this paper is to find rights and licenses, among other metadata, in the Web, by using semantic web techniques. In case there is no license or it cannot be used by anyone (for instance, public domain license), we will try to find out the necessary information for getting a license, that is, the author, the rights owner or whoever who has the ability to provide us with a license over a digital content.
Chan, Leslie, Sidnei de Souza, and Jen Seezie. "INTEGRATING THE “GOLD” AND “GREEN” ROAD TO OPEN ACCESS: EXPERIENCES FROM BIOLINE INTERNATIONAL." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

This paper reports on Bioline International’s (BI) technical infrastructure, workflow, and hybrid strategy of combing Open Access Publishing (Gold) and Open Access Archiving (Green) to improve the access and visibility of published research from developing countries. It further shows how BI uses open source technologies (e.g. XML, Perl, OAI-PMH) and software (Eprints and DSpace) to promote the widest distribution and discovery of research information for the benefit of international scientific exchange. Data on the general usage pattern of materials on BI are presented. Using the Journal of Postgraduate Medicine as a case study, the effects of open access in terms of improved visibility, citation and author submission are further illustrated. In the process, this paper demonstrates how BI has evolved in response to the changes in technologies and resultant opportunities.

Schranz, Markus, and Christian Platzer. "Intelligent News Publishing and Distribution through Web Services, Peer-to-peer Technologies and Vector Space Content Relations." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Besides a clear research and archive focus electronic publishing technologies become increasingly important to business application domains to improve the service values for their end users and customers. The specific domains news publishing and news distribution are facing significant performance requirements in information handling while transferring hundreds of thousands of articles daily to their auditorium. Additionally, the business application of electronic publishing technologies in the specific news domain is confronted with the fact that European business today is highly segmented and widely unrecognized beyond national borders, mainly due to language differences and economical gaps. This paper discusses a project that integrates news agency services from existing European organizations supported by University research in the are of electronic publishing, distributed information management and AI in order to form an intelligent multinational and multilingual business news publishing and distribution network, based on Web Services and a peer-to-peer inter-agency communication network. Highly relevant business contents are related to a specific article automatically using AI methods from the research area of information retrieval. Contents are distributed in any language the provider chooses and the vector space model has been utilized to provide easy access to related and most relevant business news articles within a multilingual and multinational context.
Berden, Jurgen, Sabine Van Houdt, and Jan Engelen. "Interface - Web-based Application for Registration and Processing of Information about Care Needs of Elderly in Home Care and Institutions." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The current social security system in Belgium uses the KATZ-scale to determine the care-needs, to plan the care, to finance care and to admit elderly to nursing-homes. According different sources, from care-givers in the field to researchers, this scale is too limited for the many complex situations. Therefore the Belgian government requested to test and evaluate other instruments in the field, instruments which are better suited for these complex situations. The goal of testing these instruments is to determine the care-needs of the individual elderly as a base for the development of a care-plan. With a care-plan it is possible to couple appropriate actions, (re)-assign human and financial resources to elderly. A care-plan is more effective and beneficial for both the government and the elderly if the care-needs are mapped correctly with the most suitable instruments. Another important goal is to examine the feasibility of completing these instruments in the different work environments of care-givers. The task of gathering the care needs of the elderly, completing the instruments thus, is performed by different kinds of care-givers from different retreats, rest- and service homes, day-care centre, G-services, etc.
Mornati, Susanna. "INTRODUCTION." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The Internet has made possible to provide free-of-charge online access to all the digital literature that scholars give to the world without expectation of payment, free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. This may include copies of peer-reviewed journal articles, preprints, reports, data sets and all materials useful for further research. According to the Budapest Open Access Initiative, “by "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, [...] or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers” . The costs of providing open access to this literature are far lower than the costs of traditional forms of dissemination , especially through self-archiving, the first recommended strategy for achieving open access.The Open Archives Initiative is devoted to enhance access to self- archiving tools (e-prints open archives) as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication. Its main activity is to develop and promote interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content . The most outstanding result by now is the OAI-PMH, the well-known protocol for metadata harvesting. Several software tools for open archives and other e-publishing initiatives have been created on its basis and are interoperable due to their OAI-PMH compliance. The fundamental technological framework and standards are independent both from the type of content offered and from the economic mechanisms surrounding that content, and promise to have much broader relevance in opening up access to a range of digital materials .Nonetheless, most of these OAI-PMH-compliant tools are still not integrated in the provision of information that research organizations and universities make available to their users: students (under-graduated and graduated), researchers, faculties (who are both content producers and consumers). The protocol is simple enough as to encourage its use, but a better integration of open archives with the rest of information resources that are accessible within the same institution could enhance usage and visibility of these publishing tools.This workshop aims to present significant experiences and ideas in the field of integration of information resources and creation of innovative services, using the OAI-PMH for interoperability and integration purposes.
Diocaretz, Myriam, and Jan Bierhoff. "INTRODUCTION." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This workshop will address the changing role of information and communication providers and users in the e-publishing industry, and their increasingly interdependent relationships. For this purpose, it aims at discussing ways to map both the key drivers of change and the challenges affecting the e-publishing sector through an interdisciplinary strategic context that encompasses economic, juridical, technological and social issues.The international scene reveals the importance of focusing on revenue or return on investment and on developing more appropriate business models, but the innovation approach is still uncertain, therefore it becomes indispensable to identify actors and the changes affecting the labour force, as well as to understand user-behaviour and response to new online products and services; likewise, it is equally important to pay attention to the user as producer of content, for a contextual e-publishing landscape. The session will share knowledge from direct professional experience and collaborative work carried out by ECDC/Infonomics with other EU R&D organisations investigating the major trends in the e-publishing sector. The Infonomics applied cross-disciplinary research approach bridges expertise between communications, information technology, entrepreneurship, economics, sociology, social sciences, e-publishing, and policy-making. Therefore, the workshop is of interest to professionals of the e-publishing industry, e-publishing researchers, knowledge-based market analysts, members of regulatory bodies for digital content production, content creators (authors, researchers, journalists), and end-users of content.
Kahn, Paul. "Introduction." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The value of publishing information on the Internet is in the combination of access and connections. Most major cultural institutions and businesses today have created an Enterprise Web Space: many web sites, databases, publication collections, and related digital resources. To assure that these collections serve the intended audience, we must apply information architecture principles to organize the information in relation to users' needs. The role of Information Architecture is a combination of information analysis and visual design, identifying and visualizing structures that help users find and follow connections. We will focus on examples of Enterprise Web Space from selected cultural institutions and businesses including museums, libraries, and international companies.
Chan, Leslie, Rea Devakos, and Gabriela Mircea. "INTRODUCTION." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Institutional repositories (IR) represent an innovative solution to many of the challenges encountered in the rapidly evolving world of scholarly publishing, such as open access and the preservation of the growing array of digital content. This workshop is intended to help academic authors, research library and IT directors and their staff plan for the implementation and full deployment of repositories designed to house a diversity of resources, such as articles, data sets, images, video, and courseware.To be presented jointly by a team consisting of a senior programmer, a service co-ordinator and a faculty member, and using the deployment of T-Space (IR at the University of Toronto) this workshop will focus on the technical issues as well as the cultural and management dimensions of establishing a repository. Topics will include:o the technical requirements for establishing and operating an IRo business modelso key policy issueso how institutional repositories fit together with other resources,o including subject based repositorieso how to engage faculty and library staff participationo strategic and resource implications
Martens, Bob. "INTRODUCTION." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

The Digital Library of ELPUB conference papers is hosted at http://elpub.scix.net. In this paper, in addition to a demonstration of implemented features, background information and matters of handling will be elaborated. In the framework of this workshop similar libraries with post-conference publishing entities will be described. Furthermore, parallel systems that are aiming at submission and review procedures as pre-conference publishing activities, and are based on the same database environment, will be presented.

Wegner, Bernd. "INTRODUCTION." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This workshop will cover both digitisation of mathematical publications and digitally born electronic publications in mathematics. With the rapidly growing activities in electronic publishing, ideas came up to install global repositories which deal with three main streams in this enterprise: storing the electronic material currently available, pursuing projects to solve the archiving problem for this material with the ambition to preserve the content in readable form for future generations, and to capture the printed literature in digital versions providing good access and search facilities for the readers. Long-term availability of published research articles in mathematics and easy access to them is a strong need for researchers working with mathematics. Hence in this domain some pioneering projects have been established addressing the above mentioned problems.Amongst them on European level and world wide we should mention the Digital Library in Mathematics (DLM). For example, in the archiving area as a special project for mathematics, the Electronic Mathematics Archives Network Initiative (EMANI) had been designed. The Electronic Research Archive in Mathematics (ERAM) is a DFG-funded German project dealing with capturing the content of a classical bibliographic service in mathematics in a database, and combining this with the retro-digitisation of selected mathematical publications. This is extended now by further projects which shall try to retro-digitise the national mathematical heritage in several countries world-wide. In particular ideas to cover the Russian publications in a digital repository called RusDLM have been implemented in a project funded by DFG and RFBR. As further digitisation projects the French activity NUMDAM, pursued by Cellule MathDoc in Grenoble, and the European Cooperation in DIEPER have to be mentioned. The workshop is of interest not only to mathematicians, but also to specialists from various scientific domains who face the question on how to organise their electronic publishing initiatives.
Gançarski, Alda Lopes, and Pedro Rangel Henriques. "IXQuery: Interactive and Information Retrieval Xquery." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. XQuery is the standard language for querying XML documents using structural and content restrictions. In this paper, we propose to extend XQuery with selection operations that allow for the selection of the interesting subset of elements from each intermediate result of a query. To make this possible, intermediate results must be available during the construction of the query. This helps the user in building a query to retrieve the desired result. XQuery is being extended with a Full-Text language that allows to perform operations on text treating it as a sequence of words, units of punctuation, and spaces. This language includes a score clause that associates relevance measures to the results. The computation of these measures can be done using the method we also describe in this paper.
Burnard, Lou. "KEYNOTE ADDRESS." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Today's digital library applications still focus on serving up virtual pages for the reader: the metaphor of the book is so pervasive that we can barely see it. But going digital is not only about producing cheaper and more accessible simulations of printed or painted pages. Digital applications should enable us to do more with a text than simply read it from beginning to end, or attach annotations to it for others to read. The digital application can restore the fugitive multi-layered complexity of textual traditions instantiated in a fragmented way by individual physical copies of the traditional library; it can also reconstruct those witnesses as evidence in the analysis of underlying semiotic systems, for example in linguistic or stylistic terms. There is a world of difference between an "electronic library" and a "digital repository". In this talk I plan to explore that world.
Cherhal-Cleverly, Elizabeth, and Laure Heïgéas. "MathDoc and the Electronic Publishing of Mathematics." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. France has a long tradition in the publication of mathematics. The very first “mathematics only” journal in the world, the Annales de Gergonne was published from 1810 to 1831 and several of the foremost current mathematical journals are published in France today. This paper will develop the original work of the “MathDoc” team to make accessible these and other journals, and more generally to promote the electronic publishing of mathematics.MathDoc is a small multidisciplinary team, supported by Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble and CNRS , whose competences range through mathematics, computer science, databases and Information Retrieval to documentation and librarianship.MathDoc is devoted to providing access to mathematical literature in the broad sense.Examples will be given of different applications and projects in the field of electronic publishing and digital libraries.• The NUMDAM archive giving access to over 8000 retro digitised articles:We shall present the editorial and technical choices of the archive, and develop some of its more interesting features such as its hyperlink network.• Front Math for Gallica:The French National Library (BnF) has a great many digitised math documents, in particular the complete works of many remarkable mathematicians. These can be found on BnF’s digital library website. However, the granularity of the BnF metadata is not sufficient to easily find individual papers. The Gallica front-end will be presented.• The « pôle des revues de mathématiques », mathematical journals portal, started in 2005: The aim of this project is to provide a complete electronic publishing infrastructure to several academically published French (and European) mathematical journals, and manage their websites. The main workflow functionalities will be described, and focus will be made on the originality of mathematics publishing as opposed to publishing other sciences.• Seamless web access to digital or digitised math documents (mini-DML):We will describe the aims of the mini-DML project, the required infrastructure, and the technology for providing a one-stop search site for all digital mathematical literature available online.
O’hAodha, Micheal, Tim Hall, Emma O’Brien, Paul Hayes, and David Joyce. "Mobile Access in the Library: Some New Developments in Ireland." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. New insights provided by a range of specialists in the areas of social science, cognitive research and computer science research have led to increased developments and advances in the architectures for interactive and mobile learning environments. The most exciting results indicate that mobile technologies can be used to revolutionize learning and provided discontinuous rather than incremental learning opportunities in libraries and campuses worldwide. Mobile learning corroborates the view of educational philosophers such as Dewey and McLuhan that there is an intrinsic connection between communication, information provision and the learner community. Nevertheless, despite the rapid and continuing adoption of mobile devices, there has, to date, been little activity in integrating these technologies into the realm of mobile learning and the learning and library/information environments. A paradigm shift is occurring in the access people have to educational materials due to the ubiquitous availability of these materials brought about by the mobility and pervasiveness factors, which are inherent to mobile technologies. The potential for mobile technologies in education is enormous and the challenge for the e-learning community is to harness these devices for the benefit of education. One such benefit is the ever-increasing availability of educational content such as e-books on mobile devices. The availability of e-books will greatly support mobile access in the library.
Pletschacher, Stefan. "OCR Alternatives for Electronic Publishing of Digitised Documents." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper describes a general approach on how digitised documents may be automatically prepared for being stored and processed on various digital platforms. The focus is on documents that are not suitable for optical character recognition (OCR) methods but provide regular structures in the form of text-like blocks. By extracting a document immanent alphabet, preserving the graphical representations by means of vectorisation and based on these steps encoding the original document, it is possible to gather benefits of encoded text without the effort and the possible mistakes that arise from recognition methods. The use of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for structural descriptions and Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) for graphical representations enables a seamless integration into style sheet based output workflows for producing system specific layouts.
Paepen, Bert, and Jan Engelen. "OmniPaper Smart Information Retrieval Prototype." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The OmniPaper project has implemented several information retrieval prototypes in the area of electronic news publishing. One prototype uses SOAP as communication protocol between the central system and a number of distributed news archives. The second prototype uses an RDF metadata database, enabling direct metadata queries to the central system. Finally the Topic Map prototype uses query expansion and semantic linking for smart metadata search. The Topic Map prototype enhances the search experience by implementing a knowledge layer that combines the semantic content of a lexical database, consisting of concepts and keywords, with a metadata-set of newspaper articles. After developing and testing three smaller prototypes, the OmniPaper consortium has combined these prototypes in one. In this final prototype a kind of “enhanced full-text search” engine is implemented. This means that the prototype is an interface on top of existing search engines. When a user submits a query, this query is forwarded to several distributed news archives to retrieve relevant news articles. Next to this, the system: 1) translates queries to enable multilingual search, 2) provides a query refinement mechanism, both in graphic and text-based form, allowing users to adapt their query and 3) provides uniform result ranking algorithm across the different news archives. In this prototype querying and navigation are considered as alternative methods to find relevant information. Both interact with each other and together they produce a combined user experience that can be expressed as find what you were looking for and then browse away from it. In fact, the prototype considers both querying and navigation as a kind of search action and tries to integrate both. In concrete, keywords in a query are looked up in a dictionary and shown to the user. In the background, the keywords are translated and expanded to related terms. These expanded queries are sent to the underlying full-text search engine(s) in all requested languages. In the graphical tool (“web of concepts”) users can redefine the meaning of their query words, resulting in an updated query and result set. Both disambiguation (choosing one meaning of a word out of many) and refinement (browsing to related words) are possible. Figure 1 shows the web of concepts for the query “poll Indonesia”. The word “Indonesia” is recognized in only one concept, “Dutch East Indies”, whereas the word “poll” has many different meanings. If you select the meaning “canvass” for example, this word is replacing the word “poll” in the original query. After selection the concept “canvass” can again be expanded to related concepts, be it more general or more specific in meaning. In the textual tool only refinement is possible. The user gets a list of words that are related to the words appearing in the query, grouped into more similar, more specific and more general terms. Then the user can change his/her query using these proposed words.
Schranz, Markus. "OmniPaper: Towards a Universal Standard Model for Efficient Information Retrieval." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Modern Information Society is overwhelmed with steadily raising quantities of information in a continuously integrating digital network involving standard PC, networked mobile devices and individual personal assistants, promising to us the optimum access to all the data we need. On the downside the uncontrolled information amount creates an enormous overload and costs enterprises and individuals money, often in ways that are not easily measured: Costs that result from lowered productivity and from mislead business decisions. To really satisfy user needs and restricted budgets, the myriads of information need to be structured and organized in an intelligent and user-oriented way. Multiple approaches have been followed to integrate heterogeneous information sources and promising research results have been achieved in particular application domains. This paper discusses the area of online news integration by modern service architectures, Web service technologies and the use of artificial intelligence to semantically relate news within an intelligent news retrieval interface engine. OmniPaper has created a multilingual navigation and linking layer on top of distributed information resources to provide a sophisticated way of managing multinational news archives with strong semantic coupling. The research results have been documented in detail in a voluminous project deliverable and the most important findings are outlined in this paper.
Willinsky, John, and Mia Quint. "Open Journal Systems 2.0: the Evolution of Open Source Journal Management." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Purpose. To provide an insider’s review of the journal management and publishing software, Open Journal Systems (OJS), from the Public Knowledge Project, which the author directs at the University of British ColumbiaDesign. The paper outlines the history, development, and features of OJS, including some of the experimental aspects, as well as early research results and work underway on which it is based.Findings. Open Journal Systems is an open source solution to managing and publishing scholarly journals online, which can reduce publishing costs compared to print and other traditional publishing processes. It is a highly flexible editor-operated journal management and publishing system that can be downloaded for free and installed on a local Web server. Value. OJS has been designed to reduce the time and energy devoted to the clerical and managerial tasks associated with editing a journal, while improving the record-keeping and efficiency of editorial processes. It seeks to improve the scholarly and public quality of journal publishing through a number of innovations, from making journal policies more transparent to improving indexing.
Janssens, Ludovic, and Luc Peeters. "Peeters Online Journals: Unicode Implementation and the Meaning for Online Publishing." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Peeters Online Journals offer an online access to the complete contents and texts of scientific journals. A simple, but well structured interface gives access to the journals covered by the system. A MySQL-database and a HTML-based administration module are the sources of this site. Visitors can access the data by ip-recognition or a 24h personal login. The articles are presented in portable data file (PDF) format, a file type which focuses on the presentation of the text. In order to make the full text searchable, Peeters did a optical character recognition of the files of 'tijdschrift voor geneeskunde'. This rose new issues. Implementing a Unicode-based SQL database with XML-data could solve these problems and simplify the workflow severely.
Gargiulo, Paola, Susanna Mornati, Ugo Contino, and Zeno Tajoli. "PLEIADI, a Portal Solution for Scholarly Literature." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The PLEIADI Project (acronym for “Portale per la Letteratura scientifica Elettronica Italiana su Archivi aperti e Depositi Istituzionali”, a portal for Italian scholarly e-literature in open archives and institutional repositories) originated from the collaboration between two major Italian university consortia, CASPUR and CILEA, within the framework of the AEPIC project. PLEIADI aims at building a national platform that offers centralized access to the scholarly literature archived in Italian repositories.
Hunt, Russ. "Providing Reliable End User Access to your Digital Content." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. OCLC PICA Digital & Preservation Resources provide libraries with the flexibility to preserve and manage digital collections via microfilming, digitising, collection management tools and archiving services. This demonstration aims to highlight the benefits of two of our tools that enable users to publish collections electronically. • ActivePaper Archive by Olive Software features processes and software that allow for the publication of digitised versions of microfilmed newspaper collections as fully searchable online archives. • CONTENTdm is a versatile , easy to use digital collection management suite allowing users to organize, describe, publish and search digital collections online. // Both software tools use XML for their underlying structure and delivery, providing standardised, reliable, long term access by end users to valuable digitised collections published online.
Björklund, Carin, and Aina Svensson. "Putting a National Portal for Undergraduate Theses into Production." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper discusses processes and experiences gained from creating a national portal (Uppsök) for Swedish undergraduate theses, using a common metadata model and set structure with agreements on semantics on top of OAI-PMH and harvesting from several data providers into a central service provider at the Swedish Royal Library.
Struyf, Bernard. "Safari Books Online Platform." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. When two leading publishers of technical information wanted to transform concept into reality, they tapped into the expertise of Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing (http://eps.bvdep.com) for development, support andhosting. The Concept? Using the Web to provide a virtual library of technical books. The reality? The highly successful Safari Books Online, LLC, a joint venture of O’Reilly & Associates and Pearson Technology Group, has become the premier electronic reference library for Information Technology (IT) professionals.
Zhao, Dangzhi. "Scholarly Communication in Transition: Evidence for the Rise of a Two-Tier System ." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. This paper presents major findings from a research project that attempts to systematically compare Web-based and print-journal-based scholarly communication, highlighting some considerable differences between the two formats of communication, which provide evidence for the rise of a “two-tier” scholarly communication system. Implications for Open Access are also discussed.
Hall, Timothy, Micheal O'hAodha, Emma O'Brien, Paul Hayes, and David Joyce. "Seamless Access in ICT Learning—The Library Context." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Back in 1994, Bill Gates in "The Road Ahead" suggested that research via the internet would become so prevalent that researchers would become frustrated if they sought information on a topic via the web, and could not find it. Back then the World Wide Web was in its infancy. Today, electronic libraries are at a similar early stage. Will it be the case, that in ten years time, readers will become frustrated if they cannot obtain a book or magazine article via the web?In this paper we examine the likelihood that this scenario will unfold, taking account of the current state of play. Over 20 public libraries in the US currently offer ebooks to patrons, based on the Overdrive eLibrary service. eBooks are a regular part of eLearning amongst corporates. Majorpublishers, such as Reed-Elsevier, Penguin and Taylor Francis have made their educational texts available as ebooks. The Oxford University Press have an extensive econtent offering for individuals, corporates and libraries.In the paper we will examine the take up of these offerings and the user experiences. Issues discussed will also include delivery mechanisms, technology infrastructures, and how other forms of electronic content consumption, notably in the entertainment arena, are likely to influence the consumption and delivery of electronic media in the educational arena.
Güntner, Georg, and Siegfried Reich. "Smart Content Factory—Approaching the Vision." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. In our paper we describe the objectives and achievements of a project called “Smart Content Factory”. The project aims at the creation of a knowledge-aware system infrastructure to support the utilization of audiovisual content. We will provide an overview of the project objectives and introduce “digital content engineering” as a scientific discipline dealing with concepts, methodologies, techniques and tools for a quantifiable approach towards the vision of smart content, thereby addressing future scenarios of electronic publishing, especially for embedded publishers. We will further take a look at the user and system requirements of the “Smart Content Factory” and their impact on the architecture of the system prototype.
Krottmaier, Harald. "Some Thoughts on Hyper-links." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

As already mentioned in many reports, the best hyperlink is the one, you don’t have to follow. Therefore authors of hypertext-documents should make it clear to the reader, what is ”behind” the link. This is not just information about size of the linked content, but also information about the content itself, such as topic, number of incoming links etc. However, unexperienced authors are not aware of this fact. It would be nice to have tools plugged-in into your favorite web-browsing software, which enhances hyperlinks in some respects In this article we are going to explore some of the available tools (such as thumbnail-previewing) and we will discuss in detail a mechanism of enhancing and ”ennobling” links. We will discuss different mechanisms on how to attach information.

Cavalli, Nicola. "Systemic Approach to Digital Publishing." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. E-books, E-Journals and digital publishing technologies in general are young technologies and are still evolving very rapidly. I argue that approaching the field with a theory of socio-technical change will help us to understand better the phenomenon. A social constructivist approach is proposed to tackle on the stage of evolution of digital publishing technologies and to propose some possible directions of future development. A descriptive map of the socio constructivist analysis of the artefact ebook is presented.
Pepe, Alberto, Thomas Baron, Maja Gracco, Jean-Yves Le Meur, Nicolas Robinson, Tibor Simko, and Martin Vesely. "The CERN Document Server Software ." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. CERN as the international European Organization for Nuclear Research has been involved since its early beginnings with the open dissemination of scientific results. The dissemination started by free paper distribution of preprints by CERN Library and continued electronically via FTP bulletin boards, the World Wide Web to the current OAI-compliant CERN Document Server. CERN Document Server Software (CDSware) is a suite of applications which provides the framework and tools for building and managing an autonomous digital library server. In this paper, we discuss the design philosophy of CDSware and its modular, extensible, architecture. Each module comes as an independent entity embodying a specific aspect of digital library workflow. By means of a flow-chart we present the operational workflow of the system, depicting its module interactions. Hence, some of the key features in the CDSware technology are introduced more in detail, namely metadata representation, acquisition and delivery, indexing and ranking techniques, user interface and ersonalization. CDSware uses entirely freeware technology and it is available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. It is developed by the CERN Document Server team and is driven and validated by the CERN Scientific Information Service. In addition, CDSware has been installed and is in use by over a dozen institutions around the world. A brief comparison with other existing free digital repository systems will also be made.
Noels, Steven. "The Daisy Open Source CMS." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Daisy is an open source content management framework, and consists of a stand-alone repository server and several client applications, the most notable being the Daisy Wiki application. Daisy has a strict two-tier separation between repository server and clients, which communicate using an HTTP- and XML-based interface.This whitepaper highlights some of Daisy’s innovative concepts, and explains where Daisy is different from the multitude of other CMS applications out there. These distinct Daisy concepts make Daisy an ideal candidate for managing diverse sets of information, for both website content management, software documentation and for intranet knowledge sharing.
Calabretto, Sylvie, Andrea Bozzi, Maria Sofia Corradini, and Bruno Tellez. "The EUMME Project: towards a New Philological Workstation." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The EUMME project (Euro-Mediterranean Union within the framework of Medieval Medicine) is intended to strengthen the international collaboration among Centres involved in transmitting medico-pharmaceutical culture in order to witness the fundamental role it has played for the development of an European scientific community. In this respect, the contributions provided by different linguistic and cultural environments (Arabic, Hebrew) will be given special attention. Those ambiences were in fact strongly integrated in what we could call a universal dimension where there was full awareness of the supranational dimension of science, which is able to overcome geographical borders and ideological and religious barriers. These aims can only be achieved by means of modern technology which, similar to one of the objects of its analysis, overcomes borders and is not subject to ideological assessment, fostering the exchange of data among the Centres involved in the project.More specifically, the aims are referred to three large sectors and can be summarized as follows:• to increase the knowledge of the data relative to the subject treated (philological-textual sector);• to increase linguistic knowledge (linguistic-lexicographic sector);• to develop technological tools specific for the study and dissemination of the information produced (sector of technological tools).
Kokabi, Mortaza. "The Newer, the Worse: the Status of Farsi Word Processing Softwares in Iran." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

In this paper, the problems of Farsi word processing softwares that are based on Word for Windows are enumerated. Being a non-roman script written from right to left and taken as Arabic, are two factors affecting the malfunctioning of Word for Windows. The problems such as: different keyboard layouts in different versions of Word; many problems encountered in dealing with digits; the problems concerning capital letters that sometimes do not attach when they must; and the considering Farsi letters as misspelled by spell checker are but some problems of the kind. Some suggestions are presented at the end.

Hey, Jessie, Pauline Simpson, and Lesley A. Carr. "The TARDis Route Map to Open Access: Developing an Institutional Repository Model." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Open access to peer reviewed journal articles is one of the key messages of the current international movement that is changing the paradigm of scholarly communication. Creating open access journals is one such route and creating institutional repositories containing author generated electronic text is another complementary alternative. Pioneering subject based repositories, such as arXiv, have shown the way in specific disciplines but a joined up approach is required for a broader reach. Open Access standards have given the opportunity for a variety of database models to coexist and be beneficial to authors in a variety of ways. Developments in Institutional Repositories are now happening globally and significant models are gradually emerging which demonstrate best practice and illustrate their potential. In the UK, the FAIR (Focus on Access to Institutional Resources) programme of research is based on the vision of open access. It has allowed a number of repositories, which try to address authors’ needs, to be kick started and has enabled the issues to be explored in practical experiments.The Institutional Repository agenda, however, is, in reality, rather broad. Research and teaching provide a range of scholarly outputs including research publications, the data on which the research is based and the learning objects which distil the new insights into a manageable form for the learner. This broad span involves a wide variety of issues to be solved and a number of disparate standards to be tackled head on. The TARDis (Targeting Academic Research for Deposit and dISclosure) project at the University of Southampton in the UK targeted academic research for its Institutional Repository as its first stage as a manageable goal with key benefits for the institution. The implementation of the Southampton University Research Repository (e-Prints Soton).followed a route based on studying current practices and needs and on acting on feedback from both the institution and individual faculty members. We illustrate the series of steps which were taken to build a framework for a sustainable repository for a large multidisciplinary institution.The institution is represented by a broad range of publication types including, but not exclusively, peer reviewed journal articles and the different disciplines have evolved different recording practices. Full text deposits may provide the opportunity for added value elements – e.g. enhanced diagrams, additional data or presentations – if the database provides the capability and we are beginning to see interesting exemplars. The repository can then provide the building blocks for enhanced collaborative e-research. Academic institutions that impose research reporting in an institutional repository require full recording of publications including those where obtaining full text is difficult or inappropriate. A practical route is, therefore, to develop an institutional repository which is ’hybrid’ – containing both records and full text where achievable.While the traditional subject repositories have often developed in STM areas the TARDis route map is proposed as a effective model to also showcase the research of the Humanities where the range of publication types is quite different. We demonstrate the key interactions that have influenced the development and the strategic direction of the Southampton University Research Repository (e-Prints Soton) which we believe will lead to open access to research results in a sustainable way. Only with a route planner which addresses the needs of authors in a spread of disciplines can the institutional repository begin to meaningfully represent the whole. The interdisciplinary nature of research can also be illustrated by the repository and the task of depositing can be eased when multiple local authors in different disciplines work together. Along this route, the technical and management issues eg authentication and quality assurance of the metadata generation may become more complex initially because of the increased size of the database. However the significant outcome of this approach is that the full text element can grow as the practice becomes more natural within the recording process and as copyright restrictions ease. In the UK, several factors including the Research Assessment Exercise and citation impact measures based on increasing open access could also help encourage this change. The goal of providing open access to peer reviewed research items may, therefore, come about by a more circuitous but, in the end, more effective road if the demonstrated route map is followed.
Van Kiel, H., and K. Van Wonterghem. "TO A NEW BALANCE OF FORCES: HOW CAN LIBRARIANS AND RESEARCHERS WORK TOGETHER TO REGAIN CONTROL ON THE DISSEMINATION OF SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION?" In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Two essential movements can be observed in the innovation of scholarly communication i.e. Open Access on one side and the Open Archives Initiative on the other. The first being a more individual choice of the researcher, the latter being either a more institutional or subject-oriented way of providing access to scientific information. Although these proposals to replace the old publication model are mainly oriented towards the academics, the results of their choices will have important implications on libraries and institutional budgets. This paper makes a plea for both parties to work together towards a profitable solution for each of them, not so much as an action out of enmity against commercial publishers, but rather as a way to cope with the growing danger of monopolism in the scientific publication market. This matter brooks no delay at all, especially if the researchers and with them the whole academic scene, plan to regain control on the dissimination of scientific information.
Nisheva-Pavlova, Maria, and Pavel Pavlov. "Tools for Intelligent Search in Collections of Digitized Manuscripts." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper presents a methodology for development of tools for semantics oriented search in repositories of digitized manuscripts. This methodology is based on the application of some Semantic Web technologies to existing manuscript collections that may include: electronic catalogue containing marked-up manuscript descriptions, full texts of manuscripts, digital images of manuscript pages. It is directed to the development of software environments that will be able to deal with complex user queries and answer questions using ontological knowledge and dictionaries of synonyms.
Tumarello, Giovanni, Cristian Morbidoni, and E. Pierazzo. "Toward Textual Encoding Based on RDF ." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. In this paper we investigate the use of Semantic Web languages such as RDF and OWL in textual encoding and we discuss several advantages these tools could provide. Among these, we show how the overlapping markup encoding problem can be naturally solved as the graph structure of the RDF language is naturally suited for this purpose. Further advantages in using Semantic Web based technologies lie in the powerful query and reasoning facilities that are already available and successfully used in the Semantic Web. The distributed and resource centric nature of RDF also enables a novel cooperative annotation scenario, where different encoding "facets" of the same text can be naturally merged. We then suggest the basic structure for an encoding ontology and evaluate the simplicity by which a complex query can be solved either programmatically or using existing Semantic Web query languages.
Crombie, David, Roger Lenoir, and Neil McKenzie. "Towards Accessible Content Management Systems." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The combination of accessible content management systems, accessible desktop systems and content modalities with internalised notions about accessibility, can be used to form a new generation of information processing environments. Because of the presence of explicit entities that can be used to represent the User (perception) models on one side, and content and application models on the other side, we can experiment with new interaction schemes. These new interaction schemes will, because of the knowledge preservation process that is included in the approach, create a consistent body of information including real-world applications for education purposes.The paper shows, from the knowledge technology perspective, the development from traditional content consumption schemes towards knowledge consumption and even understanding consumption that may be stimulated to emerge. After all, understanding can be considered the dynamic systemic overview one can obtain of all the facts, the interactions between facts and the interactions between these interactions and it's surroundings. The mere process of conceiving and creating this systemic overview can be considered education to oneself. Allowing a system to include multiple perspectives on that systemic overview and additionally allow that system to create associations between these multiple viewpoints for any relation to be explicated, stimulates the emergence of mutual understanding. In other words, a system that facilitates communication from scratch.
Angelova, Krasimira, and Irina Nikolova. "University Platforms for Digital Academic Knowledge." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper describes the new developments in Bulgarian universities concerning the creation of homogeneous infrastructure for electronic access to academic information. Presented are some local and national initiatives for integration of e-learning and e-research, for development and implementation of software digital platforms. Difficulties and practical problems and particular for the Bulgarian situation are discussed.
Strotmann, Andreas, and Mika Seppälä. "Web Advanced Learning Technologies for Multilingual Mathematics Teaching Support." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. In this paper we present the European Union-funded eContent project WebALT—Web Advanced Learning Technologies. The authors' group is building a "significant application which exploits a combination of existing standards for representing mathematics on the web (e.g. MathML and OpenMath) and linguistic technologies in order to enable the creation of language-independent mathematical content" in the form of a web-based repository of exercises for mathematics students. This mathematical content will be particularly well suited for localization in a multilingual and multicultural environment, because problems will be stored in the language-independent form of content markup and generated for several linguistic and cultural contexts.
Pregowski, Michal. "Web Portal Feels Like Home. Applying Agenda-setting Theory to Internet-based Media and their Influence on Cybersociety." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005.

The progressive process of internetization leads the audience little by little to setting aside traditional media of today's every day: dailies, radio and television. The evolution of media use leads to thorough consideration of the future that awaits both media owners and users. Trying to show potential concerns, the author refers to the classic theory of agenda setting (Lazarsfeld & Merton, 1948; McCombs & Shaw, 1972). American research conducted in 1999 showed distinctive concentration of Internet traffic; 80% of site visits were made to just 0,5% of websites, such as Yahoo!, Excite, eBay et al. (Waxman 1999). A similar tendency emerged in 2004, during Polish research on Internet traffic (Meller 2004).The paper focuses on the electronic media which may already be an important field of agenda setting research. The analysis concerns the example of Polish Internet users and Polish e-media. As the paper shows, among the latter, a particularly important role is played by portals – the places where beginners usually start their cyberspace adventure and where, paradoxically, they are encouraged to stay most of the time.

Pavlov, Pavel. "XEditMan: an XML Editor for Manuscript Descriptions." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. The paper presents the specialized editor XEditMan (XML Editor for Manuscript Data) which is an XML-oriented tool for editing and browsing catalogue descriptions of mediaeval manuscripts. It offers a friendly interface for entering data on mediaeval manuscripts and visualisation of the descriptions already available.
Klosa, Uwe, Erik Siira, and Stefan Andersson. "XML Based Technologies for Advanced Publishing Services: the DiVA Publishing System Under the Hood." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Within DiVA (Digital Scientific Archive) XML is used for storage and archiving, for inter-application-communication, for creation of web pages, and for the export of metadata. Many parts of the publication work flow (print and electronic), most parts of the archiving work flow, and the metadata work flow are supported by the use of XML. All metadata are stored in XML, more specifically in XML files with UTF-8 encoding. The format used in the XML files is defined by an XML schema that was developed by the Electronic Publishing Centre (EPC) at Uppsala University Library. This format, the DiVA Document Format (DDF), was created to achieve the storage of the full-text content – not including multimedia like images, films and sounds – and its metadata in a single XML file. Another purpose was to obtain a rich format, which would meet our requirements, such as holding sufficient metadata and the content of a document, and which would be compatible with most standard formats or de-facto standard formats. Furthermore, this format had to be extensible, and usable within an archiving work flow.This poster will show how XML is produced from the full-text content and with the services that are built and are planned to be built for both document authors and users of the DiVA web pages.In order to create an XML format from full-text files, the authors have to use templates in the word processor of their choice. It is important that these templates can easily be mapped to the required XML format. This can involve the necessity of a transformation of a proprietary XML format, exported from word processors, to the required format. In the DiVA system this is done from the Open Office XML to DDF.An XML format supporting both metadata and full-text content has several benefits for the printing work flow, the archiving work flow and the dissemination of publications and its metadata. The printing work flow can be supported by the just in time creation of title or abstract pages. The end user, who wants to get information about a publication, can be provided with all metadata. In addition, the user can be offered important information like table of contents or reference lists directly on the web page, without any need to open the often large full-text files.
Merten, Pascaline. "XML for a Unified Processing of Multilingual Corpora and Corresponding Rules of Translation ." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Our aim is to determine the rules which govern the order of the French modifiers. It also has a comparative dimension where French is the target language. Consequently, we formalized bilingual corpora, as well as translation rules and lexicons. To achieve this aim, we exploited the XML language as well as other languages of the same family: XPath and XLink. The procedures were written in XSLT. We also took benefit from the lessons of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) and HyTime, in particular with regard to the notion of hyperlink.
Bubenik, Wolf, Ivo Hanke, and Nadia Juhnke. "XML-Based Authoring: from Concepts via Compromises to Applications." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. Within the last couple of years, the competence centre for e-learning and multimedia at the Freie Universität Berlin (CeDiS) established a manufacture like production process for e-learning content, which is primarily targeted to large projects, i.e. projects with several authors and an arbitrary volume of content to produce. The most important cornerstones of the production process are an XML document format and an authoring tool for this document format. Unfortunately both were designed only to meet the requirements of two nation-wide projects, which were lead-managed by CeDiS.The work described in this paper is dedicated to the generalization of that manufacture like production process, especially the development of an adaptable XML document format for e-learning contents and the corresponding editor. The document format SCDL (Sharable Content Description Language) we specified as XML Schema, is a general document format for modular e-learning content. Besides common features like multimedia integration, it provides a mechanism for deriving project specific document formats from the general format by restriction and not by extension. This mechanism shall prevent that software solutions have to be adapted for any derived document format. Furthermore it fosters the possibilities of re-using and exchanging content.Based on Microsoft InfoPath we are developing an authoring tool for the SCDL document format. The currently available prototype already provides a comfortable user interface for the authors, which shows a structural, ‘semi-WYSIWYG’ view of the document. The features implemented so far are sufficient for simple applications, but important components like mathematical formulas and special media elements are still to add.
Paepen, Bert, and Jan Engelen. "“Braillekrant” and “DiGiKrant”: a Daily Newspaper for Visually Impaired Readers." In From Author to Reader: Challenges for the Digital Content Chain: Proceedings of the 9th ICCC International Conference on Electronic Publishing. ELPUB. Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium: Peeters Publishing Leuven, 2005. At present Belgium is one of the rare countries that have a daily newspaper accessible to visually impaired readers. Both an electronic version (DiGiKrant) and a Braille paper version (BrailleKrant) are published on a day-to-day basis. This paper shows what challenges exist for visually impaired readers to read a paper and how these challenges can be overcome. It further explains how the accessible newspapers are being created. In the publication process the XML standard is extensively used, not only as an exchange format between content providers and the publishers, but also as a format enabling a usable access to the electronic newspaper by the visually impaired reader. The paper shows which information formats are used and how the process of conversion between them works.